Sperry Rand Corporation. Remington Rand Division.

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Remington Rand Inc., was incorporated in Delaware on January 25, 1927, as a merger of the Remington Typewriter Company and the Rand Kardex Bureau, Inc. It merged with the Sperry Corporation to form the Sperry Rand Corporation on June 30, 1955. Remington Rand operations were continued as the Remington Rand Division.

E. Remington & Sons of Ilion, N.Y., began as a manufacturer of sewing machines in 1873. In 1876 the company purchased the rights to manufacuture and sell typewriters from C. Latham Sholes, who had invented the machine three years before. The company exhibited them for the first time at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition. Sales were slow at first, but during the 1880s the company began an aggressive world-wide marketing campaign, opening offices in England, Germany, France and Russia.

In 1927 Remington merged with the Rand Kardex Bureau, Inc., which had developed the Kardex, the Rand ledger, and a number of other office record control systems. Under the leadership of James H. Rand, Jr., Remington Rand became the largest American producer of business machines and office equipment. However, within a few years it began to face aggressive competition from Thomas Watson's International Business Machines. By the mid-1930s Remington Rand was losing market share to its younger rival. In 1938 it sought new markets by manufacturing electric shavers and later diversifying into other domestic electrical appliances.

The post-World War II move into the computer industry was a natural strategy for a company committed to office automation and represented an attempt by Remington to reverse its long decline. In the early 1950s the company quickly established a lead in the area by purchasing two of the nation's pioneering electronic data processing companies. In 1950 it bought the Philadelhia-based Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation. On March 31, 1951, Remington Rand delivered UNIVAC I, the first commercial computer system, to the Census Bureau. In 1952 Remington absorbed Engineering Research Associates of St. Paul, Minn. The two firms were consolidated as the Univac Division.

Remington Rand merged with the Sperry Corporation in 1955, becoming the Sperry Rand Corporation. However, it continued to lose market share to IBM and by the early 1960s was in a distant second place with only 10 per cent of the market. In 1986 Sperry Rand was purchased by the Burroughs Corporation in a hostile takeover. The merged company was renamed Unisys Corporation.

Remington Rand's industrial relations records include some fragmentary personnel department correspondence that documents the company's industrial relations policies. There is a file of major union contracts (1946-1965). Also included are transcribed copies of arbitration records and grievance proceedings, as well as a scrapbook describing the 1938-1939 strike at the Ilion, New York plant.

From the description of Records, 1830-1975 (bulk 1920-1955). (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122547836

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Sperry Rand Corporation. Remington Rand Division. Records, 1830-1975 (bulk 1920-1955). Hagley Museum & Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Kardex Company, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith American Writing Machine Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Baker-Vawter Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Blickensderfer Manufacturing Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Burroughs Adding Machine Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Burt, William Austin, 1792-1858. person
associatedWith Centennial Exhibition (1876: Philadelphia, Pa.). corporateBody
associatedWith Dalton Adding Machine Company. corporateBody
associatedWith E. Remington & Sons. corporateBody
associatedWith Grable, Betty, 1916-1973. person
associatedWith Index Visible, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Kalamazoo Loose-Leaf Binder Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Library Bureau, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith New York World's Fair (1939-1940). corporateBody
associatedWith Noiseless Typewriter Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Rand Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Rand, James H. 1886-1968. person
associatedWith Rand Kardex Bureau, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Remington Rand Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Remington Typewriter Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Royal Typewriter Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Safe-Cabinet Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Sholes, Christopher Latham, 1819-1890. person
associatedWith Smith Premier Typewriter Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Sperry Rand Corporation. Univac Division. corporateBody
associatedWith Twain, Mark, 1835-1910. person
associatedWith Underwood Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Varitype Incorporated. corporateBody
associatedWith World's Columbian Exposition (1893: Chicago, Ill.). corporateBody
associatedWith Wyckoff, Seamans & Benedict. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Typewriting--Study and teaching
Office equipment and supplies
Punched card systems
Sales management--Office equipment and supplies industry
Safes
Business enterprises--History
Office layout
Bookkeeping machines
Typewriter industry
Advertising
Calculators
Card system in business
Office practice
Typewriters
Women in advertising
Office equipment and supplies industry
Copying machines
Filing systems
Advertising, Direct-mail
Women white collar workers
Office management
Posters
Occupation
Activity

Corporate Body

Active 1830

Active 1975

Spanish; Castilian,

English,

Swedish,

Chinese

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