Altamirano, Ignacio Manuel, 1834-1893

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Ignacio Manuel Altamirano [1834-1893] was a Mexican poet and novelist of Nahua heritage. He joined Benito Juarez in opposition to Maximilian and played a part in the subsequent reconstruction of the republic. Altamirano served as representative to the national congress, as Supreme Court justice, and as president of the Sociedad Mexicana de Geografía y Estadística. He became Mexico's consul general to Spain in 1889 and to France in 1890. Altamirano's work, which focused on Mexican society, includes: Rimas (1871, of which Special Collections holds "One of two known copies of the first edition"); Clemencia (1869); El Zarco (written 1885-1889, published 1901); Antonia (1872); Beatriz (1873); Cuentos de invierno (1880); and La Navidad en las montañas (1871). Altamirano edited the newspaper Correo de México .

From the guide to the Ignacio M. Altamirano Diary and Photographic Plate (MS 305), 1889-1892, (University of Colorado at Boulder Libraries. Special Collections Dept.)

Novelist, poet, journalist. Born 1834 in Tixtla, Mexico; died 1893 in Sam Remo, Italy. Considered a major contributor to the development of a national literature in Mexico. Major novels include: Clemencia (1869), La navidad en las montañas (1870), and El zarco (1901). Altamirano also received a law degree; served as representative to the national congress; held the post of professor of the history of philosophy and eloquence in the law school in Mexico City; was elected to the Supreme Court; and founded several newspapers, journals, and societies. He became Mexico's consul general to Spain in 1889 and to France in 1890.

From the description of El zarco : episodios de la vida mexicana en 1861-1863, 1888. (University of Texas Libraries). WorldCat record id: 31139458

Novelist, poet, journalist. Born 1834 in Tixtla, Mexico; died 1893 in San Remo, Italy. Considered a major contributor to the development of a national literature in Mexico. Major novels include: Clemencia (1869), La navidad en las montañas (1870), and El zarco (1901).

Altamirano also received a law degree; served as representative to the national congress; held the post of professor of the history of philosophy and eloquence in the law school in Mexico City; was elected to the Supreme Court; and founded several newspapers, journals, and societies. He became Mexico's consul general to Spain in 1889 and to France in 1890.

Other positions held include: Professor at Escuela Nacional Preparatoria, Escuela de la Comercio, Escuela de Jurisprudencia, and Escuela Nacional para Maestros, Magistrate of the Suprema Corte de Justicia, Procurador General de la Nación.

  • 13 Nov 1834: born in Tixtla (present-day Guerrero) to Francisco Altamirano and Gertrudis Basilio
  • 13 Dec 1834: baptized (from Library of Congress authority record)
  • 1849: entered Instituto Literario de Toluca studied law at Colegio de San Juan Letrán
  • 1854?: withdrew from Colegio de San Juan Letrán upon the outbreak of the revolution of Ayutla fought for liberal cause in War of the Reform returned to study of law
  • 1861: deputy to national congress fought for liberal cause against French Intervention; attained rank of colonel; distinguished service at battle of Querétaro
  • 1867: ended military service and devoted life to teaching, literature, and public service
  • 1867: founded periodical, El Correo de Mexico, with Ignacio Ramírez and Guillermo Prieto
  • 1867: first novel, Julia, published
  • 1869: Clemencia published
  • 1869: founded literary review, El Renacimiento, with Gonzalo A. Esteva
  • 1870: director of Liceo Hidalgo
  • 1870: La Navidad en las Montañas published
  • 1871: participated with Manuel Payno in founding of El Federalista
  • 1875: participated in founding of La Tribuna
  • 1880: participated in founding of La Republica
  • 1889: named Cónsul General de México en España
  • 13 Feb 1893: died in San Remo, Italy
  • 1901: first publication of El Zarco

From the guide to the El Zarco: episodios de la vida mexicana en 1861-1863 31139458., 1888, (Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf González Ortega, Jesús, 1822-1881. Papers, 1865-1869, bulk 1866-1867. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Altamirano, Ignacio Manuel, 1834-1893. Articulos publicados en el diario "La Libertad" : typescript / Ignacio Manuel Altamirano, 1880. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Leal, Luis, 1907-2010. Luis Leal papers, 1946-1985. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Ignacio M. Altamirano Diary and Photographic Plate (MS 305), 1889-1892 University of Colorado at Boulder Libraries. Special Collections Dept.
creatorOf El Zarco: episodios de la vida mexicana en 1861-1863 31139458., 1888 Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin
creatorOf Mariscal, Ignacio, 1829-1910. Ignacio Mariscal correspondence, 1833-1910 (bulk 1881-1910). UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Photographs from the Genaro García Collection 29763305., 19th-20th Century Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin
creatorOf Altamirano, Ignacio Manuel, 1834-1893. El zarco : episodios de la vida mexicana en 1861-1863, 1888. University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Bancroft, Hubert Howe, 1832-1918. Notes on Mexico in 1883 : ADS. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Juárez, Benito 1806-1872. Carta de Benito Juárez a Ignacio M. Altamirano. San Luis Potosí, 17 junio 1867 [Manuscrito]. Biblioteca Nacional de España, Biblioteca Nacional - Madrid
referencedIn Plumb, Edward Lee, 1827-1912. Edward Lee Plumb papers, 1856-1912. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary. Correspondence, 1863-1879 Smithsonian Institution Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Academia Nacional de San Carlos (Mexico) corporateBody
associatedWith Bancroft, Hubert Howe, 1832-1918. person
associatedWith Daudet, Alphonse, 1840-1897. person
associatedWith García, Genaro, 1867-1920 person
associatedWith González Ortega, Jesús, 1822-1881. person
correspondedWith Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878 person
associatedWith Hidalgo y Costilla, Miguel, 1753-1811. person
associatedWith Juárez, Benito 1806-1872. person
associatedWith Leal, Luis, 1907-2010. person
associatedWith Mariscal, Ignacio, 1829-1910. person
associatedWith Plumb, Edward Lee, 1827-1912. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Mexico
Subject
Painting, Mexican
Painting, Modern
Scientific organizations
Scientific publications
Smithsonian Exchange
Occupation
Activity

Person

Birth 1834-11-13

Death 1893-02-13

Mexicans

Spanish; Castilian

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