Livingston, Robert Burr, 1918-

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Robert Burr Livingston was born in 1918, received his bachelors degree from Stanford University in 1940 and graduated from Stanford University School of Medicine in 1944, where he did his residency in internal medicine. His major academic appointments include the Yale University School of Medicine (1946-1952), the University of California, Los Angeles, School of Medicine (1952-1957) and the University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine (1964-1989). In 1956 he was appointed Director of the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland. In 1964 he became the founding chair of the Department of Neurosciences at UCSD. Throughout his career, Dr. Livingston was active in several anti-nuclear weapons and peace organizations, including the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, which was awarded the 1985 Nobel Prize for Peace.

Dr. Livingston's research has been concerned with investigating combinations of nervous and mental functions, using neuroanatomical, neurophysiological, behavioral, and clinical techniques. He has published widely in these fields, including chapters in John F. Fulton's PHYSIOLOGY OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM and a dozen chapters in Best and Taylor's PHYSIOLOGICAL BASIS OF MEDICAL PRACTICE. While a professor in the Department of Neurosciences at UCSD, he developed the Neurosciences Study Plan for students in neurosciences. He is well known for his work in the cinemorphology of the human brain, using a technique developed at UCSD by Roy E. Mills which involves slicing, staining and photographing very thin sections of the whole human brain in sequence. An award-winning film on this subject, titled THE HUMAN BRAIN: A DYNAMIC VIEW OF ITS STRUCTURES AND ORGANIZATION was produced in 1976 by Sy Wexler.

Dr. Livingston has also made significant contributions to the study of the relationship between chronic undernutrition and human brain development, and he was involved in a project titled the "Committee for Undernourished People". In 1986, the Army Medical Corps Research and Development Command selected Dr. Livingston's Laboratory for Quantitative Morphology in the Department of Neuroscience at UCSD to establish a national research and development program to construct a prototype computer system that would be capable of mapping in three dimensions and displaying the entire human brain at microscopic levels of detail. Individuals involved at UCSD and Scripps Institution of Oceanography included R. Livingston, F. Bloom, H. Karten, D. Armstrong, J. Morrison, W. Young, and S. Foote.

From the guide to the Robert B. Livingston Papers, 1935 - 1990, (University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Fulton, John F. (John Farquhar), 1899-1960. John Farquhar Fulton papers, 1892-1988 (inclusive), 1920-1960 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn John Farquhar Fulton papers, 1892-1988, 1920-1960 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn John Jay publication project. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Fulton, John F. (John Farquhar), 1899-1960. John Farquhar Fulton papers in the Medical Historical Library. Yale University 1915-1960 (inclusive). Yale University, Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library
referencedIn Jay, John, 1745-1829. John Jay papers, 1668-[ca. 1862]. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn John Jay Papers, 1668-[ca. 1862] Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf Robert B. Livingston Papers, 1935 - 1990 University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Committee for Undernourished People corporateBody
associatedWith Elmwood Institute corporateBody
associatedWith Fulton, John Farquhar, 1856-1932 person
associatedWith Fulton, John F. (John Farquhar), 1899-1960. person
correspondedWith Hultgren, Herbert N. person
associatedWith Institute for Policy Studies corporateBody
associatedWith Jay, John, 1745-1829. person
correspondedWith Mellinkoff, Sherman M. (Sherman Mussoff), 1920- person
correspondedWith Pauling, Linus, 1901- person
correspondedWith Penfield, Wilder, 1891- person
correspondedWith Sagan, Carl, 1934- person
correspondedWith Salk, Jonas, 1914- person
correspondedWith Smith, Paul C. person
correspondedWith Szilard, Leo person
correspondedWith Thomas, Lewis, 1913- person
correspondedWith Tuchman, Barbara Wertheim person
associatedWith University of California, San Diego. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Neurologists--United States--Biography
Nuclear disarmament
Brain mapping
Deterrence (Strategy)--United States--History
Brain mapping--Methodology
Neurosciences--United States


Birth 1918



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SNAC ID: 60179491