NSFNET 20th Anniversary Committee
NSFNET was a program established by the National Science Foundation (NSF) in 1985 to provide advanced networking for American research and educational institutions. Advanced networks consist of interconnected computers and hardware, which facilitate the sharing of data between remote locations. This networking backbone, which transmitted data at a rate of 56 Kbit/s, provided the necessary infrastructure to connect supercomputer centers across the nation by establishing key hubs within universities that supported networking hardware. Ultimately these advances facilitated the creation of the Internet, which became a global network of interconnected networks. Through a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation, Merit Network, Inc., and a consortium of Michigan universities, a collaborative effort between IBM, MCI, and the State of Michigan created the NSFNET backbone service in order to satisfy the research and education community's growing need for networked communications. As a result, NSF contributed to the ongoing advancement of its backbone network by establishing T1 (1.5 Mbit/s) and T3 (45 Mbit/s) service upgrades, which greatly increased the speed of data transmissions. This increased the number of research and education institutions that hosted interconnected supercomputer centers. The University of Michigan became part of the NSFNET backbone in November 1987. Thus, by combining high-speed networking and connection between the supercomputing centers and subsequent regional networks, NSF created the "network of networks" that served as the focal point of nationwide networking and that laid the foundation for today's Internet.
The NSFNET 20th Anniversary collection documents the event, "NSFNET: The Partnership that Changed the World. Celebrating 20 Years of Internet Innovation and Progress," held November 29-30th, 2007, in Arlington, Virginia. The event was coordinated by a committee of individuals from organizations associated with NSFNET (including Merit, Advanced Network and Services, MCI, IBM, and the NSF) and featured keynote addresses and panel discussions related to the network's development, key partnerships, the roles played by external and international communities, and the lasting impact of NSFNET. For more information on speakers and panel discussions, refer to the event program in Box 1. (or the online version listd below).
1. NSFNET: The Partnership that Changed the World. "About NSFNET." Accessed May 2012. http://www.nsfnet-legacy.org/event.php
2. Merit Network. "NSFNET: A Partnership for High-Speed Networking. Final Report 1987-1995." Last modified October 26, 2004. http://www.merit.edu/networkresearch/projecthistory/nsfnet/.
3. NSFNET: The Partnership that Changed the World. "About NSFNET." Accessed January 2013. http://www.nsfnet-legacy.org/event.php
From the guide to the NSFNET 20th Anniversary collection, 2007, (Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan)
|creatorOf||NSFNET 20th Anniversary collection, 2007||Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan|
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|Computer networks--United States|