ROSENBLUTH, M N.

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University of California, San Diego professor Marshall Rosenbluth, was noted for his work as a plasma physicist, his work in thermonuclear fusion, the Rosenbluth formula and theoretical scattering, and his role in the discovery of Rosenbluth-Hinton flows. In 1956 Rosenbluth took the position of senior research advisor with the nuclear energy research company General Atomics (GA) in San Diego and continued working with GA after being appointed professor of physics at UC San Diego in 1960. After 1967, Rosenbluth took professorships at the Princeton Institute of Advanced Study and then at the University of Texas at Austin before returning to UC San Diego and GA twenty years later in 1987. In 1993 he began work as the chief scientist of the Central Team for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) until 1999. During this time, he was also involved with the JASON Defense Advisory Group, and independent group of scientists that advised the United States government on military, science, and energy-related issues.

From the description of Marshall N. Rosenbluth Papers, 1960-2003. (University of California, San Diego). WorldCat record id: 61245017

Marshall Nicholas Rosenbluth (1927-2003), Professor, University of California, San Diego. Physicist (nuclear fusion and plasma physics).

From the description of Oral History interview with Marshall Rosenbluth, 2003 August 11,16. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 154305782

Biography

Born in Albany, New York, on February 5, 1927, Marshall N. Rosenbluth graduated from high school in 1942 and after two years in the U.S. Navy, graduated from Harvard with his bachelor's degree in 1946. He went on in 1949 to receive his Ph.D. with a focus on high energy particle physics from the University of Chicago.

After his post-doctoral position at Stanford University (1949-1950) where he derived the Rosenbluth formula, he joined the Los Alamos Laboratory and worked on the hydrogen bomb and other projects from 1950-1956. Rosenbluth’s time at Los Alamo began his life-long pursuit of fusion as an alternate energy source.

In 1956 Rosenbluth took the position of senior research advisor with the nuclear energy research company General Atomics (GA) in San Diego. He continued working with GA even after being appointed professor of physics at University of California, San Diego in 1960. After 1967, Rosenbluth took professorships at the Princeton Institute of Advanced Study and then at the University of Texas at Austin before returning to UCSD and GA twenty years later in 1987. Rosenbluth retired from these positions in 1993 and began work as the chief scientist of the Central Team for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) until 1999. During this time, he was also involved with the JASON Defense Advisory Group, an independent group of scientists that advised the United States government on military, science, and energy-related issues.

During his career Rosenbluth received many awards and recognitions including the E.O. Lawrence Prize, awarded by the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission in 1964; the James Clerk Maxwell Prize in Plasma Physics, awarded by the American Physical Society in 1976; the National Medal of Science, awarded by President Clinton in 1997; and the Nicholson Medal from the American Physical Society in 2000.

Rosenbluth died in 2003.

From the guide to the Marshall N. Rosenbluth Papers, 1960-2003, (Mandeville Special Collections Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Taylor Theodore B., 1925-. Oral history interview with Ted Taylor, 1995. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Marshall N. Rosenbluth Papers, 1960-2003 Mandeville Special Collections Library
creatorOf Rosenbluth, M. N. Marshall N. Rosenbluth Papers, 1960-2003. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
creatorOf Rosenbluth, M. N. Oral History interview with Marshall Rosenbluth, 2003 August 11,16. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Barth, Kai-Henrik, person
associatedWith General Atomic Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Handler, Philip, 1917-1981, person
correspondedWith Koonin, Steven E. person
associatedWith Koonin, Steven E. person
correspondedWith Lindl, John person
associatedWith Lindl, John, person
associatedWith Princeton University. Plasma Physics Laboratory. corporateBody
associatedWith Taylor Theodore B., 1925- person
associatedWith Teller, Edward, 1908-2003. person
associatedWith United States. Dept. of Energy. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Subject
Plasma (Ionized gases)
Nuclear energy
Controlled fusion
Hydrogen bomb--History
Hydrogen--Weapons systems
Physicists--United States
Nuclear fusion
Plasma (Physics)--Research
Physicists
Occupation
Function

Person

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