Pasternak, Boris Leonidovich, 1890-1960

Alternative names

Hide Profile

Pasternak was a Russian poet, who declined the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1958 for his novel Doctor Zhivago. Reavey was an English surrealist poet.

From the description of Letters to George Reavey, 1931-1960. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 77990740

From the guide to the Boris Leonidovich Pasternak Letters to George Reavey, 1931-1960., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

Boris Leonidovich Pasternak, 1890-1960

Boris Leonidovich Pasternak was the oldest of four children, born to his parents Leonid Osipovich and Rozaliia Izidornovna Pasternak on January 29, 1890, in Moscow. He was enrolled in the Fifth Classical Gymnasium in 1901, delayed a year by the quota for Jews in state schools. In January 1906 the family moved to Berlin to avoid the threats posed by the ???? The family returned to Moscow eight months later, and Boris resumed his studies at the Gymnasium. Following his graduation in 1908, he enrolled at Moscow University, first upon a course of law and later in philosophy. He spent the summer of 1912 at Marburg University, studying with Herman Cohen, and graduated from Moscow University the following year.

Pasternak first left his parents’ home that fall, shortly before the beginning of the war. He was summoned for the draft in July of 1914, but released from duty due to a childhood injury to his leg. In early 1916 he left Moscow for work, returning in March 1917 after the February Revolution. He met Evgeniia Vladimirovna Lur’e in 1921, and they married the following winter. His third book, Sestra moia zhizn, which was published in 1922, was well received and made Pasternak a major literary figure in Russia. The family moved briefly to Berlin but returned home before their son, Evgenii, was born in September of 1923. In 1926, they rented a dacha near some family and friends, where Boris fell in love with Zinaida Neigauz, wife of his friend Genrikh Gustavovich Neigauz. In 1931, he separated from Evegeniia, and married Zinaida, who had separated from Genrikh. On December 31st, 1936, Zinaida gave birth to another son, Leonid. The following year, excerpts from what would become Doctor Zhivago were printed in a literary journal. With the outbreak of war, Zinaida took the children to relative safety in Chistopol, but Boris stayed in Moscow until October. He spent much of the next decade working on translations.

In 1946, he began to focus his attention on his novel, which would consume much of his attention for the next nine years. The same year, he met Olga Vsevolodovna Ivinskaia, who, along with Zinaida, would inspire and shape the character of Lara. The following year they began an affair that lasted the rest of his life. He was hopeful that his book could be published in the Soviet Union, but upon its rejection, he had the manuscript taken to Italy, and the book was published abroad in 1956. It was translated into English in 1958, the same year he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. He happily accepted via telegram, but shortly after had to decline due to the negative reception of the award among the literati and government officials. In May of 1960 he suffered a heart attack, which was followed by a diagnosis of lung cancer, and he died on May 30, 1960. Doctor Zhivago, which had been officially condemned, was finally published in the Soviet Union in 1988. [Biographical information taken from the Dictionary of Literary Biography.]

Eugene Mark Kayden, 1886-1977

Eugene M. Kayden was a 1912 graduate of CU-Boulder. It was during his years at the University that he first developed his interest in Russian translation. His many donations to the University included the establishing of the Eugene M. Kayden Fund, which funds both Book Awards to support the publication of works in the humanities, and research grants to support the development of materials to be published in the future.

Scott Bates, an executor of the Kayden estate, described Kayden as "... a remarkable man, founder of the Economics department here [University of the South] in 1924 and one of our greatest teachers. He came to this county in 1903 as an idealistic Tolstoyan with no money and no knowledge of English; by 1912, he had worked his way through the University of Colorado by drafting, and had graduated with honors with a pick of scholarships to Chicago, Harvard, Yale, and Princeton to choose from! He went to Harvard, from there to Princeton, and then on to Columbia where... he won a scholarship to Oxford over his classmates Mark Van Doren and Joseph Wood Krutch, but couldn't go because of America's declaration of war with Germany. When he was turned down by the Army for flat feet, he served his new country by becoming the first Russian economics expert in the State Department; fired from that position for advocating political dealings with the new revolutionary government, he eventually ended up here [University of the South], where he was our one-man Economics department for twenty hears... He retired in 1955 in order to be able to devote all his time to his translations." [Walter G. Simon, Introduction to Colorado Quarterly Bonus Issue "Last Translations: Russian Poems," February 1979.]

From the guide to the Pasternak-Kayden Collection (MS 99), 1912-1960, 1958-1959, (University of Colorado at Boulder Libraries. Special Collections Dept.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Pasternak family. Pasternak family papers, 1878-2010. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
creatorOf Pasternak, Boris Leonidovich, 1890-1960. Letters from Boris Pasternak to Miriam Rogers : manuscript, 1959. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Meredith, William, 1919-. William Meredith collection of papers, 1941-1973. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Kun, Agnes. Agnes Kun and Antal Hidas Papers, 1917-1987. Columbia University in the City of New York, Bakhmeteff Archive
creatorOf Leslie, Alfred, 1927-. Alfred Leslie papers, 1959-1962. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Andreĭ Sakharov papers, 1852-2002 (inclusive), 1960-1990 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Pasternak, Boris Leonidovich, 1890-1960. Peredelkino : manuscript, [between 1941 and 1945]. HCL Technical Services, Harvard College Library
referencedIn Lazar' Fleishman collection, 1962-1990 Hoover Institution Archives.
referencedIn Rudman, Mark. Poetry reading at Sarah Lawrence College [sound recording] / by Mark Rudman. Sarah Lawrence College, Esther Raushenbush Library
referencedIn New Yorker records, ca.1924-1984 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Irwin T. and Shirley Holtzman collection, 1899-2010 Hoover Institution Archives.
referencedIn Olga Andreyev Carlisle papers, 1901-2003 Hoover Institution Archives.
referencedIn Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990. Leonard Bernstein collection : Part I, circa 1900-1994 (bulk 1933-1990). Library of Congress
referencedIn Birman, Eugene. Seasons of Pasternak : for mezzo soprano, clarinet, violin, cello, and amplified piano / by Eugene Birman. Bowling Green State University, BGSU Libraries
creatorOf Rudman, Mark. Office files of The American Poetry Review, 1979-1995. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Fleĭshman, Lazar',. Lazar' Fleĭshman collection, 1962-1990. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Boris Souvarine papers, 1915-1984 (inclusive), 1940-1984 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Boris Leonidovich Pasternak Letters to George Reavey, 1931-1960. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Russian autograph collection, 1812-1959. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Stepun, Fedor, 1884-1965. Fedor Stepun papers, 1902-1965 (bulk 1946-1965). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Russian autographs, including three by Boris Pasternak, 1959-74 University of Oxford, Taylor Institution Library
creatorOf Zaĭt︠s︡ev, Boris Konstantinovich, 1881-1972. Boris Konstantinovich Zaitsev Papers, 1923-1964. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Yarmolinsky, Avrahm, 1890-1975. Avrahm Yarmolinsky Papers, ca. 1918-1967. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf McKane, Richard. Office files of The American Poetry Review, 1987-1990. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Merton, Thomas, 1915-1968. Thomas Merton letters to Clifford Shaw, 1959-1964. University of Kentucky Libraries
referencedIn Helen and Kurt Wolff papers, 1888-1994 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn M. Baranovich papers, 1926-1983. Hoover Institution Archives.
creatorOf Bely, Andrey, 1880-1934. Letters from Andrey Bely to Boris Pasternak : manuscript, 1928. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Leslie, Alfred, 1927-. Alfred Leslie papers, 1959-1962. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn William Meredith collection of papers, 1941-1973 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
referencedIn Woodberry Poetry Room (Harvard College Library) poetry readings, 1931- (ongoing). Woodberry Poetry Room, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Eugene M. Kayden Poems (MS 283), n.d. University of Colorado at Boulder Libraries. Special Collections Dept.
referencedIn Proffer, Carl R. Ann Arbor's strange connections with Russian literature : a pre-history of Doctor Zhivago : galley proofs, n.d. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Carl R. Proffer galley proofs : Ann Arbor's strange connections with Russian literature : a pre-history of Doctor Zhivago, undated Hoover Institution Archives.
referencedIn Wolff, Helen, 1906-1994. Helen and Kurt Wolff papers, 1888-1994. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Fedor Stepun papers, 1902-1965, 1946-1965 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn New Directions Publishing Corp. records, ca. 1933-1997. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Swan, Alfred J. (Alfred Julius), 1890-1970. Papers of Alfred J. Swan, 1909-1970. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Chakravarty, Amiya Chandra. Amiya Chakravarty collection, 1915-1978. Boston University. School of Medicine
referencedIn Agnes Kun and Antal Hidas Papers, 1915-1987 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Harvard College Library. Slavic Division. Exhibit materials : Slavic Nobel laureates in literature. HCL Technical Services, Harvard College Library
referencedIn Holtzman, Irwin T.,. Irwin T. Holtzman collection, 1899-2010. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
creatorOf Pasternak, Boris Leonidovich, 1890-1960. Letters to Margaret McGovern, Boston, 1958-1959. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn Kun, Agnes. Agnes Kun papers, ca. 1940-1975. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Merton, Thomas, 1915-1968. Thomas Merton collection, 1947-1968. University of Kentucky Libraries
referencedIn Yevtushenko, Yevgeny Aleksandrovich, 1933-. Papers, ca. 1920-1999, ca. 1945-1997 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
creatorOf Pasternak-Kayden Collection (MS 99), 1912-1960, 1958-1959 University of Colorado at Boulder Libraries. Special Collections Dept.
referencedIn Kun, Agnes. Papers, ca. 1940-1975 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
creatorOf Pasternak, Boris Leonidovich, 1890-1960. Li︠u︡di i polozhenii︠a︡ : Vstupitel'nyǐ ocherk k knige izbrannykh stikhotvoreniǐ : typescript with manuscript corrections, ca. 1956. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Pasternak, Boris Leonidovich, 1890-1960. Letters to George Reavey, 1931-1960. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Stepun, Fedor, 1884-1965. Fedor Stepun papers, 1902-1965 (bulk 1946-1965). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Leonard Bernstein Collection, circa 1900-1994, (bulk 1933-1990) Music Division Library of Congress
referencedIn Manuscripts and proofs of New Directions books, 1937-1997. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Brodsky, Joseph, 1940-1996. Lectures on poetry, 1980. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Tiger's eye records, 1939-1955. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Pasternak family papers, 1878-2010 Hoover Institution Archives.
referencedIn Carlisle, Olga Andreyev. Olga Andreyev Carlisle papers, 1901-2003. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
creatorOf Pasternak, Boris Leonidovich, 1890-1960. 880-02 Posle grozy : manuscript, 1958. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Pasternak, Boris Leonidovich, 1890-1960. Correspondence, 1958, from Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Herbert Aptheker Papers, 1842-1999, (bulk 1934-1994) Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
referencedIn Peter Reddaway photograph collection, 1968-1988. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Pasternak, Boris Leonidovich, 1890-1960. Letters : to Henri Mathot, 1959. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Leonid N. Stolovich papers, ca. 1940-2005 Cecil H. Green Library. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Baranovich, M. (Marina), 1901-1975. M. Baranovich papers, 1926-1983. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Tiger's Eye records, 1939-1955 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Aptheker, Herbert person
associatedWith Baranovich, M. (Marina), 1901-1975. person
associatedWith Bely, Andrey, 1880-1934. person
correspondedWith Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-1990. person
associatedWith Birman, Eugene. person
associatedWith Brodsky, Joseph, 1940-1996. person
associatedWith Carlisle, Olga Andreyev. person
associatedWith Carlisle, Olga Andreyevolume person
correspondedWith Chakravarty, Amiya Chandra. person
associatedWith Díaz Lozano, Argentina. person
associatedWith Fleĭshman, Lazar', person
associatedWith Fleishman, Lazar', collector. person
associatedWith George Reavey person
associatedWith Harvard College Library. Slavic Division. corporateBody
associatedWith Holtzman, Irwin T., person
associatedWith Holtzman, Shirley. person
associatedWith Kayden, Eugene M. (Eugene Mark), b. 1886 person
associatedWith Kun, Agnes. person
associatedWith Leslie, Alfred, 1927- person
associatedWith Mathot, Henri, person
associatedWith McGovern, Margaret. person
associatedWith McKane, Richard. person
associatedWith Meredith, William, 1919- person
associatedWith Merton, Thomas, 1915-1968. person
associatedWith New Directions Publishing Corp. corporateBody
correspondedWith New Yorker Magazine, Inc corporateBody
associatedWith Pasternak family family
associatedWith Pasternak family. family
associatedWith Proffer, Carl R. person
associatedWith Reavey, George, 1907-1976, person
associatedWith Reddaway, Peter, collector. person
associatedWith Rogers, Miriam, of Brookline, Mass., person
associatedWith Rudman, Mark. person
associatedWith Sakharov, Andreĭ, 1921-1989 person
associatedWith Souvarine, Boris. person
associatedWith Stepun, Fedor, 1884-1965. person
associatedWith Stolovich, L. N. (Leonid Naumovich) person
associatedWith Swan, Alfred J. (Alfred Julius), 1890-1970. person
associatedWith Wolff, Helen, 1906-1994. person
associatedWith Woodberry Poetry Room (Harvard College Library). corporateBody
associatedWith Yarmolinsky, Avrahm, 1890-1975. person
associatedWith Yevtushenko, Yevgeny person
associatedWith Zaĭt︠s︡ev, Boris Konstantinovich, 1881-1972. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Russian poetry--20th century
Russian literature--20th century
Occupation
Poets
Function

Person

Birth 1890-02-10

Death 1960-05-30

Russians

Russian

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6154kh4

Ark ID: w6154kh4

SNAC ID: 52837794