Mitre Corporation

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The MITRE Corporation is a not-for-profit organization based in Bedford, Massachusetts and McLean, Virginia. MITRE operates federally funded research and development centers (FFRDCs) to provide the United States government with support for systems engineering, research and development, and information technology. It manages FFRDCs for the Department of Defense, the Federal Aviation Administration, the Internal Revenue Service, the Department of Veterans Affairs, the Department of Homeland Security, and the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts.

MITRE was founded in 1958 and grew out of the computer laboratories of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s (MIT) Lincoln Laboratory Division 6 during World War II. The United States Air Force began to develop an air defense system, which became known as SAGE (Semi-Automatic Ground Environment). IBM was chosen to build the computer elements of SAGE and, as MIT decided that this project would best be administered by an outside entity, MITRE was founded to oversee the project. MITRE officially opened on July 17, 1958 with Robert Everett as technical director and John Jacobs as deputy technical director. Clair “Hap” Halligan served as the first President and H. Rowan Gaither was the first Chairman of the Board of Trustees. After the SAGE project, MITRE would go on to assist with the creation of the NATO Air Defense Ground Environment and NORAD (North American Aerospace Defense Command), working with NORAD staff to support the Ballistic Missile Early Warning System.

MITRE's continued work with the Air Force included technical assistance on AWACS (Airborne Warning and Control System). These aircraft employed JTIDS (Joint Tactical Information Distribution System), also developed by MITRE. In 1991, the Air Force deployed two prototype Joint STARS (Surveillance Target Attack Radar System) aircraft for Operation Desert Storm to identify and track the movement of Iraqi ground vehicles. Thereafter, MITRE served as the systems engineer for the Joint STARS program.

In 1990, the FAA sponsored a new FFRDC called the Center for Advanced Aviation System Development. Mitretek Systems (Noblis), was spun-off from MITRE in 1996, to focus on projects outside of the Department of Defense and the FAA. The IRS (Internal Revenue Service) engaged MITRE to manage an FFRDC to support the modernization of its information systems. In 2008, the Department of Veterans Affairs became a co-sponsor, along with the IRS, of the Center for Enterprise Modernization.

In 2010, the Federal Judiciary created the Judiciary Engineering and Modernization Center (JEMC). The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and the Department of Health and Human Services created the CMS Alliance to Modernize Healthcare (CAMH) in 2012. The National Cybersecurity FFRDC was created by the National Institute of Standards and Technology in 2014.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn N. C. Gerson Papers, 1928-1998, (bulk 1950-1970) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Servomechanisms Laboratory. Whirlwind Computer Collection, 1945-1949. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Mitre Corporation. Archives. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Zraket, Charles A.,. Oral history interview with Charles A. Zraket, 1990 May 3. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn Daniel Yankelovich Papers., 1937-1994 Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Center.
referencedIn Project Whirlwind Collection, 1944-1959 Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Institute Archives and Special Collections
referencedIn Zachariasen, Fredrik. Oral history interview with Fredrik Zachariasen, 1986 February 12. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Campbell, Robert V. D. Oral history interview with Robert V. D. Campbell, 1984 Feb. 22. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn MacDonald, Gordon J. (Gordon James), 1929-2002. Oral history interview with Gordon J. MacDonald, 1986 April 16. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Gerson, N. C. N.C. Gerson papers, 1928-1998 (bulk 1950-1970). Library of Congress
referencedIn Molnar, Andrew R. Oral history interview with Andrew R. Molnar, 1991 Sept. 25. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
creatorOf Nierenberg, William Aaron, 1919-2000. Technical reports from the William A. Nierenberg papers, 1977-1999. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
employerOf Campbell, Robert V. D. person
employerOf Everett, Robert R. person
associatedWith Gerson, N. C. person
employerOf MacDonald, Gordon J. (Gordon James), 1929-2002. person
associatedWith Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Servomechanisms Laboratory. corporateBody
associatedWith Mitre Corporation. Executive Board. corporateBody
associatedWith Nierenberg, William Aaron, 1919-2000. person
associatedWith Zachariasen, Fredrik. person
employerOf Zraket, Charles A., person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Bedford MA US
McLean VA US
Consulting engineers
Nonprofit organizations

Corporate Body

Establishment 1958-07-17



Ark ID: w67991qb

SNAC ID: 51468223