Edward VIII, 1894-1972, King of Great Britain and Ireland

Variant names

Hide Profile

Sir Edward Montague Compton Mackenzie, 1883-1972, was born on 17 January 1883 at West Hartlepool, Yorkshire, England. He was educated at St Paul's School, London, England and at Magdalen College, Oxford, England where he received a second class honours degree in history in 1904 . He became a writer and published his first book of Poems in 1907. His first novel followed in 1911 and his most successful book Sinister Street was published in 1913 . He converted to Roman Catholicism in 1914. During the 1914-1918 World War he first served with the Royal Naval Division on the Dardanelles, Turkey, expedition and rose to be director of the Aegean Intelligence Service at Syros, Greece. These experiences led to the three books Gallipoli Memories (1929), Athenian Memories (1931) and Greek Memories (1932). A period when he lived on the island of Capri, Italy, inspired the books Vestal Fire (1927) and Extraordinary Women (1928).

Edward Compton Mackenzie was the literary critic of the Daily Mail from 1931 to 1935 and rector of the University of Glasgow from 1931 to 1934. He also founded the magazine The Gramophone which he edited from 1923 to 1961. In 1938, Compton Mackenzie published a biography of Edward VIII, 1894-1972, Duke of Windsor, entitled The Windsor Tapestry . Edward was born on 23 June 1894, the son of King George V and Queen Mary. He was created Prince of Wales on his 16th birthday. During the 1939-1945 World War Mackenzie stayed on the Hebridean island of Barra, Western Isles, Scotland, where he wrote Whisky Galore (1947). He also wrote many children's books and an autobiography in 10 volumes. Compton Mackenzie was awarded an OBE in 1919 and was knighted in 1952 . He died in Edinburgh, Scotland, on 30 November 1972 . Source: Dictionary of national Biography, and Wintersgill, Donald, Rectors of Glasgow University 1820-2000, , Glasgow, 2001

From the guide to the Papers of Sir Edward Montague Compton Mackenzie, 1883-1972, writer and rector of the University of Glasgow, 1937-1961, (Glasgow University Archives Service)

Accession date: 1936

Places: England

Title: King of Great Britain and Ireland

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000472.0x000068

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Papers of the Marchioness of Reading as Vicereine of India 1921-26, 1921-1926 British Library
referencedIn Papers of Lt-Col Frederick Marshman Bailey, Indian Army 1900, Indian Political Service 1905-38, and of other members of his family, 1827-1976 British Library
referencedIn Papers of Sir Harcourt Butler, Indian Civil Service 1890-1928, Governor of United Provinces 1918-22, Governor of Burma 1923-27, 1881-1938 British Library
creatorOf Vol. CCLXXV (ff. 220+220*). 1939.includes:f. 1 John Edward Masefield, OM; Poet Laureate: Letter to Marie Stopes from John Edward Masefield: 1939: Signed.ff. 2, 10 Webster Evans, of 'John o' London's Weekly': Letters to Marie Stopes from Webster E..., 1939 British Library
referencedIn GATHORNE-HARDY, Gen the Hon Sir (John) Francis (1874-1949), 1914-1941 King's College London, Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
referencedIn Papers of Edwin Montagu as Secretary of State for India 1917-22, 1917-1922 British Library
referencedIn BOYD CARPENTER PAPERS. Vol. VI (ff. 74). Unpublished letters from, and on behalf of, members of the English royal family; 1890-1918. Included also are letters from Arthur John Bigge, Baron Stamfordham, Private Secretary to George V, to Henry Boyd Car..., 1890-1918 British Library
referencedIn Sawbwa of Mong Mit Sao Hkun Hkio papers., 1912-1990 British Library
referencedIn MS Mus. 1640. Vol. xv. Constantinesco-Ramsay MacDonald.ff. 204. 305 x 230mmincludes:ff. 1-8. Harriet Cohen, CBE; pianist: Grégoire Constantinesco, Romanian Envoy: Letters from Grégoire Constantinesco to Harriet Cohen: 1931, n.d.: Fr.f. 7. Harriet... British Library
creatorOf Appointment as Attorney General of the Prince of Wales; 1914. English. Printed form, completed in MS. Papered seal.Edward VIII of England: Appointment of Lord Cave as Attorney General of the Prince of Wales: 1914: Printed form. Papered seal. British Library
referencedIn MS Mus. 1645. Vol. xx. Chamberlain-Lobkowicz.ff. 202. 305 x 230mm.includes:f. 1. Arthur Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister: Harriet Cohen, CBE; pianist: Note from Arthur Neville Chamberlain to Harriet Cohen: 1938: Typewritten, signed.ff. 2-3. Ha... British Library
creatorOf FOULDS COLLECTION. Vol. XIV. Correspondence and papers of and relating to Foulds; 1905-1957. Partly typewritten. ff. 111. Contents: 1. ff. 1-95. Correspondence of and relating to Foulds, chiefly letters to him; 1905-1957. 2. ff. 96-111. Classified bi..., 1905-1957 British Library
referencedIn PAGET PAPERS (3RD SERIES). Vol. VI (ff. 213). Letters from, or on behalf of:– 1. ff. 1-21. George V, partly as Duke of York and Prince of Wales; 1884-1919. 2. ff. 22-60b. Queen Mary, partly as Duchess of York and Princess of Wales; 1886-1918. 3. ff. ..., 1877-1919 British Library
referencedIn Papers of 1st Marquess of Reading as Viceroy of India 1921-26, and concerning his subsequent interest in Indian affairs, 1921-1935 British Library
creatorOf Vol. CCLXXIV (ff. 165+1*+27*+135*). 1938.includes:f. 1 Herbert Metcalfe: Letter to Marie Stopes from Herbert Metcalfe: 1938.f. 2 Patrick Braybrooke, author: Letter to Marie Stopes from Patrick Braybrooke: 1938.f. 4 Sir Bernard Partridge, artist..., 1938 British Library
referencedIn HARVEY DIARIES. Vol. XXIV. Correspondence and papers; 1941-1946. Partly copies. ff. 100. Contents: 1. ff. 1-38. Correspondence and papers as Principal Private Secretary and subsequently as Assistant Under-Secretary of State to Anthony Eden, Secretary..., 1938-1946 British Library
referencedIn Noel Carrington papers., 1919-1923 British Library
referencedIn Royal correspondence; 1868, 1910-60.ff. 111.includes:f. 1 Gathorne Hardy, 1st Earl of Cranbrook; afterwards Gathorne-Hardy: Victoria of England: Stanley Lucas, Secretary, Philharmonic Society: Letter to Stanley Lucas from Lord Gathorne-Hardy, on beha..., 1868-1960 British Library
referencedIn Vol. CV (ff. 279). 1933-1943.includes:ff. 7-14 George Bernard Shaw, author: [Article?] on Japan: 1934.ff. 16-21 George Bernard Shaw, author: Interview on disarmament: 1935: Mainly typewritten.ff. 25-27 George Bernard Shaw, author: Interview fo..., 1933-1943 British Library
referencedIn Papers of Yvonne Fitzroy, private secretary to the Marchioness of Reading, Vicereine of India 1921-26, 1921-1939 British Library
creatorOf ALVERSTONE PAPERS. Vol. III (ff. 133). Letters to Richard Webster, Viscount Alverstone, together with miscellaneous letters; 1795-1926, n.d. 1. ff. 1-113. Letters to Viscount Alverstone; 1907-1915, n.d. 2. ff. 114-130. Miscellaneous letters; 1795-192..., 1795-1926 British Library
referencedIn Indian Police papers., 1932 British Library
creatorOf AIRLIE PAPERS. Vol. II A (ff. 122). Correspondence and papers of Lady Airlie; 1861-bef. 1956. 1. ff. 1-43. Correspondence with Queen Mary and other royalty; 1885-1954. The autograph copy by Queen Mary (ff. 14-15b) of her letter to Lady Airlie, 24 Nov..., 1861-1956 British Library
creatorOf Vol. XLIX (ff. 307). 1918-1936.includes:f. 1 Admiral George Holmes Barrett: Letter to Lord Jellicoe: 1918.f. 3 Admiral Sir Eric John Arthur Fullerton, KCB: Letter to Lord Jellicoe: 1918.f. 5 Vice-Admiral Vincent Barkly Molteno: Letter to Lord J..., 1918-1936 British Library
creatorOf Papers of Sir Edward Montague Compton Mackenzie, 1883-1972, writer and rector of the University of Glasgow, 1937-1961 Glasgow University Archive Service
referencedIn Papers of Henry Beveridge, Bengal Civil Service 1857-92, and his wife Annette (nee Akroyd), 1774-1939 British Library
referencedIn Memoirs of Colonel Harry Ross, Indian Army 1892-1924, 1869-1929 British Library
referencedIn LASKI HAROLD JOSEPH 1893 - 1950 PROFESSOR OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, 1936-[ongoing]
creatorOf Vol. CXXIII. 1924-1933.A. S. Hope, friend of Alexander Galt Ross: Letters to A. G. Ross: 1924-1926.Sidney Fenold, of the Savile Club: Letter to A. G. Ross: 1926.E. O. Pope, secretary, United University Club: Letter to A. G. Ross: 1924.Margaret Storm ..., 1924-1933 British Library
referencedIn Vol. xxi. (ff. 247). 1938-1952.Stanley Morison, typographer: Correspondence with H. Wickham Steed of Stanley Morison: 1938-1955: Partly copy and signed.includes:f. 10 Geoffrey George Dawson, formerly Robinson; Editor, 'The Times': Correspondence wi..., 1938-1952 British Library
referencedIn SERIES A. ROYAL CORRESPONDENCEBURNS PAPERS. Vol. I (ff. 128). Correspondence, etc., with sovereigns and their Private Secretaries, with members of the royal family, and also with members of foreign royal families; viz:-(1) Correspondence with Edward..., 1905-1928 British Library
creatorOf Vol. XCVIII (ff. 164). Aug. 1932-Dec. 1933.includes:f. 1 Hugh Lloyd Thomas, diplomatist: Edward VIII of England: Letter to Lord Cecil from Hugh Lloyd Thomas on behalf of Edward VIII as Prince of Wales: 1932.f. 3 Sir Alexander Kaye Butterworth: Co... British Library
creatorOf Vol. CCLXXXIII (ff. 160). 1946, 1947.includes:f. 1 Miss Sogra Azarmin, of Tehran: Letter to Marie Stopes from Miss Sogra Azarmin: 1946.ff. 2, 5 Laurence Kerr Olivier, Baron Olivier: Correspondence with Marie Stopes of Laurence Kerr Olivier: 1946:..., 1946-1947 British Library
referencedIn MISCELLANEOUS LETTERS AND PAPERS; 1566-1961, n.d. Paper and vellum; ff. 200. British Library arrangement. A. Letter from Thomas James Wise, in the hand of his wife Louise Wise, to William O. Raymond Esq., of Bishop's University, Lennoxville, Quebec, ..., 1566-1961 British Library
creatorOf WADE PAPERS. Paper; ff. 102. Folio. 1. ff. 1-31. Letters, etc., of Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, as Chief Scout, and others to Major Wade and his wife, Eileen, with related papers; 1909-1958. Partly printed. 2. ff. 32-..., 1909-1958 British Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Place Name Admin Code Country
Mashhad, Iran
Greece, Europe
North-West Frontier, India
Afghanistan, Asia
Sino-Burmese Boundary, Asia
Nepal, Asia
North-East Frontier, India
Tibet, Asia
Hukawng Valley, Burma
Charsadda, North-West Frontier Province
Assam, India
Cambodia, Asia
India, Asia
Shan States, Burma
North-West Frontier Province, India
Germany, Europe
Madras, India
Rawalpindi, Punjab
Burma, Asia
Satna, Rewa State, Central India
Ootacamund, Madras
Tangier, Morocco
South Africa, Africa
Chingleput, Madras
Mysore State, India
Waziristan, Pakistan
Mafeking, British Bechuanaland
Transcaspia, Central Asia
Mong Mit, Burma
Nepal, Asia
Berar, India
Simla, India
Calcutta, India
Czechoslovakia, Europe
Diamond Hill, the Transvaal
Thailand, Asia
Aligarh, United Provinces
Bijapur, Bombay
India, Asia
Kashgar, China
China, Asia
Rangoon, Myanmar
Oudh, India
Mount Everest, Tibet
Waziristan, Pakistan
Mahabaleshwar, Bombay
Gilgit, Kashmir
Bannu, North-West Frontier Province
United Provinces, India
Japan, Asia
Bhutan, Asia
Ahmadnagar, Bombay
Quetta, Baluchistan
Japan, Asia
Satara, Bombay
Mishmi Hills, Assam and Burma
Iran, Asia
Burma, Asia
Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Palestine, Asia Minor
Sikkim, Asia
Burma, Asia
Burma, Asia
Himalaya Mountains, Tibet
Russia, Europe, Asia
Hindu Mahila Bidyalaya, Calcutta
Central Asia, Asia
India, Asia
Dibang River, Assam
Turkestan, Asia
New Delhi, India


Birth 1894

Death 1972

Related Descriptions

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61h12t8

Ark ID: w61h12t8

SNAC ID: 50534647