Dunoyer, Charles, 1786-1862

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Athénée de Paris (1792-1853). The Athénée of Paris was a private school for popular scientific instruction in Paris in the late 18th and first half of the 19th century.

The school was founded by Pilâtre de Rozer in 1781 as the Musée de Monsieurand, and offered adult classes in the sciences. In 1785 it was renamed the Lycée, which seemed a more appropriate name for a teaching institution. After the Revolution, in the Fall of 1792 the school experienced financial difficulties and turned to the French Revolutionary Convention for assistance. It was granted 10,000 livres, but also received criticism from the Jacobins for having “indulged in exaggerated statements and . . . principles contrary to the public interest.” Its faculty was subsequently purged and the school was renamed the Lycée republicain. Known as the Athenée de Paris after 1803, it continued to serve as an institution for scientific instruction, popular lectures in the sciences, publishing scientific writings and funding for scientific research. The Athénée of Paris has been described as “one of the most underestimated forces in the evolution of French science.” The institution, which endured until 1849, was committed to the two principles: the independence of science and the utility of science. To further these principles, the Athénée functioned as “a self-financing institution,” that raised revenue to support laboratory and library facilities by offering lecture course to fee-paying subscribers. Unfortunately the Athénée was the victim of bad press in its day. After Louis XVIII’s revival of the Académie des Sciences during the Bourbon restoration, the Athénée was gradually perceived as a second rate institution. Nevertheless, the ranks of its instructors included such eminent French scientists as the chemists Antoine Lavoisier, Fourcroy, and Louis-Jacques Thenard; the mathematician Condorcet; and the naturalist and zoologist Georges Cuvier. Many of its faculty also held positions in other academic institutions, but the Athénée offered several unique attractions even for established scientists: first, it was generous in providing laboratories and other demonstration facilities that greatly exceeded state facilities or those available at the École Centrale, and second, it established a reputation for encouraging lecturers to “try out” new ideas and to express their latest thoughts before they received the stamp of approval from the established scientific community.

From the guide to the Athénée des arts de Paris letters, 1792-1853, 1792-1853, (American Philosophical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn L'Athénée de Paris. Letters, 1792-1853. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Athénée des arts de Paris letters, 1792-1853, 1792-1853 American Philosophical Society
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Relation Name
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associatedWith Andrieu, Jean Baptiste Auguste Zéphyrin, d. 1819 person
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associatedWith Binet, Jacques Philippe Marie, 1786-1856 person
associatedWith Biot, Jean Baptiste, 1774-1862 person
associatedWith Blainville, H. -M. Ducrotay de, (Henri-Marie Ducrotay), 1777-1850 person
associatedWith Bodin, Félix, 1795-1837 person
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associatedWith Domergue, François-Urbain, 1745-1810 person
associatedWith Duhamel, M. (Jean Marie Constant), 1797-1872 person
associatedWith Duméril, C. (Constant), 1774-1860 person
associatedWith Dupin, Charles, baron, 1784-1873 person
associatedWith Dutrochet, Henri, 1776-1847 person
associatedWith E. E. person
associatedWith Fauriel, C. C. (Claude Charles), 1772-1844 person
associatedWith Filon, Charles Dësiré Auguste, 1800- person
associatedWith Fleurieu, C. P. (Charles Pierre Claret), comte de, 1738-1810 person
associatedWith Fontanes, Louis, marquis de, 1757-1821 person
associatedWith Girard freres person
associatedWith Guigniault, Joseph-Daniel, 1794-1876 person
associatedWith Guillemain, Michel, 1788-1856 person
associatedWith Guyton de Morveau, Louis-Bernard, 1737-1816 person
associatedWith Hachette, M. (Jean Nicolas Pierre), 1769-1834 person
associatedWith Hassenfratz, G. Louis person
associatedWith Hassenfratz, J. H. (Jean Henri), 1755-1827 person
associatedWith Institut de France. Classe des sciences mathématiques et physiques person
associatedWith Izarn, Joseph, 1766-1847 person
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associatedWith Maisonabe(?) person
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associatedWith Mermet, Louis François Emmanuel, 1763-1825 person
associatedWith Milcent, Cit. (Jean Baptiste Gabriel Marie de), 1747-1833 person
associatedWith Mohl, Jules, 1800-1876 person
associatedWith Mollesaut person
associatedWith Mollevaut, C. L. (Charles Louis), 1776-1844 person
associatedWith Monge, Eugène de person
associatedWith Monge, Gaspard, 1746-1818 person
associatedWith Montémont, Albert, 1788-1861 person
associatedWith Naudet, J. (Joseph), 1786-1878 person
associatedWith Navier, M. (Claude-Louis-Marie-Henri), 1785-1836 person
associatedWith Nougarède de Fayet, Auguste, 1811-1853 person
associatedWith Ozanam, Frédéric, 1813-1853 person
associatedWith Ozanam, J. A. F., 1772-1836 person
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associatedWith Pagès, Etienne, 1763-1841 person
associatedWith Pariset, Etienne, 1770-1847 person
associatedWith Paris. Gazette des theatres person
associatedWith Payen, Anselme, 1795-1871 person
associatedWith Peclet, E. (Eugène), 1793-1857 person
associatedWith Peigné, A de, d. 1869 person
associatedWith Perreau, Jean André, 1749-1813 person
associatedWith Petitot, M. (Claude Bernard), 1772-1825 person
associatedWith Pillet, Fabien, 1772-1855 person
associatedWith Pinault person
associatedWith Pommier person
associatedWith Poucelet person
associatedWith Pouillet, M. (Claude Servais Mathias), 1791-1868 person
associatedWith Prévost, Constant, 1787-1856 person
associatedWith Puissant, Louis, 1769-1843 person
associatedWith Ragon, Jean Marie, 1781-1862 person
associatedWith Ramond de Poujet, Cécile Etienne Bernard, 1756-1832 person
associatedWith Ramond, Louis-François, 1755-1827 person
associatedWith Raymond, Françoise, fl 1821-1823 person
associatedWith Rienzi, Louis Grègoire Domény de, 1789-1843 person
associatedWith Robinet, Stéphane, 1799-1869 person
associatedWith Robiquet, Pierre-Jean, 1780-1840 person
associatedWith Roman person
associatedWith Royer-Collard, Pierre Paul, 1763-1854 person
associatedWith Sabbaties person
associatedWith Séguin, Armand, 1765-1835 person
associatedWith Segur, Louis Philippe de, comte, 1753-1830 person
associatedWith Silvestre, Augustin François, baron de, 1762-1851 person
associatedWith Simon, Léon François Adolphe, 1798-1867 person
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associatedWith Socquet, Joseph Marie, 1771-1839 person
associatedWith Stapfer, Philippe Albert, 1766-1840 person
associatedWith Teysseydre person
associatedWith Thénard, Louis Jacques, baron, 1777-1857 person
associatedWith Tracy person
associatedWith Turpin, P. J. F. (Pierre Jean François), 1775-1840 person
associatedWith Vincent, Alexandre Joseph Hidulphe, 1797-1868 person
associatedWith Virey, J. J. (Julien-Joseph), 1776-1847 person
associatedWith Wailly, E. A. de (Etienne Augustin de), 1770-1821 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Natural history--France
Chemistry--France
Education--France
Beyond Early America
Physics--France
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1786-05-20

Death 1862-12-04

French

French

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