Hoffmann, Josef Franz Maria, 1870-1956

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Austrian architect and designer, member of the Vienna secession, professor at the Kunstgewerbeschule, Vienna, and founding member and artistic director of the Wiener Werkstätte.

From the description of Josef Franz Maria Hoffmann papers, ca. 1895-ca. 1950. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 84922700

Biographical/Historical Note

Josef Franz Maria Hoffmann (1870-1956) was one of the most influential architects and designers to emerge from Austria in the early twentieth century. He graduated with distinction in 1895 from the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts, where he was a student of Otto Wagner. Two years later, along with Gustav Klimt, he became a founding member of the Vienna Secession, a group dedicated to creating more exhibition opportunities for avant-gardeViennese artists. Hoffmann began teaching at the Vienna Kunstgewerbeschule in 1899, a position he held until 1936, and was artistic director of the Austrian Werkbund until 1933. He and fellow artist Koloman Moser founded the Wiener Werkstätte in 1903. This renowned artist-run group of workshops was devoted to the melding of handicraft with high design, and took as its primary goal the complete integration of environment, architecture, art, furniture, and objects of daily life. Although a great success artistically, it was plagued by frequent fiscal difficulties, and in 1931 its financially-strapped workshops ceased operation. Hoffmann remained active as a designer and lecturer until the end of his life. He died in Vienna.

From the guide to the Papers of Josef Franz Maria Hoffmann, 1895-1950, (Getty Research Institute)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Papers of Josef Franz Maria Hoffmann, 1895-1950 Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Richard Beer-Hofmann correspondence, 1882-1967. Houghton Library
creatorOf Hoffmann, Josef Franz Maria, 1870-1956. Josef Franz Maria Hoffmann papers, ca. 1895-ca. 1950. Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Josef Franz Maria Hoffmann : vertical file. Centre canadien d'architecture, | Canadian Centre for Architecture | CCA
creatorOf Klimt, Gustav, 1862-1918. Correspondence to Alma Mahler, 1898-1910. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Hoffmann, Josef Franz Maria, 1870-1956. Fabrik von Prof. Josef Hoffmann [toy]. Centre canadien d'architecture, | Canadian Centre for Architecture | CCA
referencedIn Augenfeld, Felix, 1893-1984. Felix Augenfeld architectural records and papers, 1910-1972. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Hoffmann, Josef, 1870-1956 : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
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associatedWith Augenfeld, Felix, 1893-1984. person
associatedWith Baudisch, Gudrun person
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correspondedWith Beer-Hofmann, Richard, 1866-1945 person
associatedWith De Fiori, Ernesto, 1884-1945. person
associatedWith Dülfer, Martin, 1859-1942. person
associatedWith Jastrzembiec, Ludwig person
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associatedWith Kunstgewerbeschule (Vienna, Austria). corporateBody
associatedWith Likarz, Maria person
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associatedWith Rix, Felice person
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associatedWith Rix, Kitty. person
associatedWith Roller, Alfred, 1864-1935. person
associatedWith Schaschl, Reni. person
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associatedWith Snischek, Max person
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associatedWith Wiener Werkstätte. corporateBody
associatedWith Wiener Werkstätte corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Arts and crafts movement
Decorative arts
Decorative art
Furniture design


Birth 1870-12-15

Death 1956-05-07




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