James, Montague Rhodes

Variant names

Hide Profile

Epithet: OM, Provost of Eton College

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000411.0x0001b8

Montague Rhodes James (1862-1936) was born on 1 August, the son of Rev. H. James, rector of Livermere, Suffolk. He was educated at Temple Grove School and then at Eton, coming up to King's in 1882 as an Eton Scholar. He studied Classics under Sir Charles Walston, and through this connection became assistant director of the Fitzwilliam Museum in 1886 (he was later Director, between 1893 and 1908). He was elected to a Fellowship at King's in 1887 and at different times took on the posts of Dean, Divinity Lecturer, Tutor and (from 1905) Provost. His interests lay in manuscripts and apocryphal writings, many of which he edited for publication. He catalogued the manuscripts held in the Fitzwilliam Museum and in several College Libraries, cathedral libraries and private collections. In addition to his reputation as a scholar, M. R. James was famed for his ghost stories, originally told to the King's choir-boys. In 1918 he returned to Eton, called by the Crown to be the new Provost. He died in June 1936.

For further biographical information see:

- James, M. R. 'Eton and Kings'(Williams & Norgate, 1926);

- Cox, M. 'M.R. James: An Informal Portrait' (Oxford University Press, 1983)

- 'Montague Rhodes James - Praepositus necnon amicus', reprints of his obituary notice from 'The Times', 13 June 1936; 'The Provost of Eton' from 'The Cambridge Review' by JHC; and 'In Memoriam, M. R. J.' from 'The Eton College Chronicle' by A. B. R., printed privately for the College at Cambrige University Press, 1936.

From the guide to the The Papers of Montague Rhodes James, 1862-1972, (King's College Archive Centre, Cambridge)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf MILLAR BEQUEST. Vol. XCIV. Letters from Montagu Rhodes James to Millar, with a little related correspondence; 1912-1936. Paper; ff. 277+86*. British Library arrangement.includes:ff. 1-268 Montague Rhodes James, OM; Provost of Eton College: Letters ..., 1912-1936 British Library
referencedIn COCKERELL PAPERS. Vol. CL (ff. 191). Miscellaneous papers: 1. ff. 1-14. Lists of William Morris's MSS.; 1894, n.d. 2. ff. 15-64. Extracts from Cockerell's diaries rel. to William Morris, with press-cuttings rel. to his death and funeral; aft. 1896, 1..., 1881-1955 British Library
creatorOf MILLAR BEQUEST. Vols. XC, XCI. Autograph collection, 1689-1937 British Library
referencedIn Vol. III, A-M. 1790-1931.includes:f. 1 Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, Viscount Allenby: Letter to Sir P. C. Mitchell: 1930.f. 2 Henry Edward Armstrong, FRS; chemist: Letter to A. W. Rowe: 1905.ff. 2-165 passim Arthur Walton Rowe, MRCS: Letters to..., 1790-1931 British Library
creatorOf CODEX SINAITICUS PAPERS. Vol. VI (ff. 114). Letters; 14-28 Feb. 1934.James Ramsay MacDonald, Prime Minister: Correspondence rel. to Codex Sinaiticus: 1933-1934: Partly signed and copies.Sir Harold Idris Bell, Keeper of Manuscripts, British Museum: Co... British Library
referencedIn Vol. II. 1917-1929, n.d.includes:f. 1 Henry Jenner, of the British Museum: Letter to J. P. Gilson: 1917.ff. 2, 147-150 Falconer Madan, Bodley's Librarian: Letters, etc., to J. P. Gilson: 1916-1925.ff. 3, 21, 29, 135, 139,185, 187 Charles Georg..., 1917-1929 British Library
referencedIn NEW PALAEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY PAPERS. Vol. I (ff. 170). Correspondence, etc., addressed almost entirely to Sir George Frederic Warner, G.C.B. (ff. 1-128 passim), and to Julius Parnell Gilson (ff. 61-170 passim); 1900-1928. During their successive term..., 1900-1928 British Library
referencedIn 'CASTING THE RUNES', by Montague Rhodes James, Provost of King's College, Cambridge, 1905-1918, and of Eton College, 1918-1936; O.M. 1930; [? 1904-1911]. The autograph MS. as sent to the printer, almost identical in final form with the story as publi..., 1904-1911 British Library
creatorOf COCKERELL PAPERS. Vol. CVI (ff. 215). Jam-Jo.includes:ff. 1-209 Montague Rhodes James, OM; Provost of Eton College: Letters to S. C. Cockerell: 1897-1936.ff. 210-214 Laura Jones, MD: Letter to S. C. Cockerell: 1939.f. 215 Robert Furneaux Jordan... British Library
creatorOf BIBLE HISTORY: An English Bible-Picture Book of the fourteenth Century (Holkham MS. 666). A quarto volume of 42 folios. Ed. Dr. M. R. James, with descriptions, texts of the Anglo-French and other inscriptions, and 19 collotype plates. 1923. (Reprinte... British Library
creatorOf CODEX SINAITICUS PAPERS. Vol. I (ff. 534 + 508*, 509*). Papers; 7 Aug. 1933-5 Jul 1934.William Cosmo Gordon Lang, Baron Lang; Archbishop of Canterbury: Correspondence with Sir G. F. Hill: 1933-1934: Partly signed.James Ramsay MacDonald, Prime Ministe... British Library
creatorOf CODEX SINAITICUS PAPERS. Vol. III (ff. 142). Letters; 4-16 Jan. 1934.John Humphrey Witney, Assistant Secretary, British Museum: Correspondence rel. to acquisition of Codex Sinaiticus: 1934: Partly signed and copies.James Ramsay MacDonald, Prime Minis... British Library
creatorOf KENYON PAPERS. Vol. III (ff. 105). Letters to Kenyon from: 1. ff. 1-50. Caspar René Gregory and others relating to the numeration of Biblical manuscripts of the Greek New Testament; 1908. 2. ff. 51-105. Campbell Bonner and others relating to the Ches..., 1908-1940 British Library
creatorOf MILLAR BEQUEST. Vol. XCII. Autograph Book; 1909-1961, n.d. Ink, pencil and watercolour. Contains twenty-six entries, many illustrated. Last dated entry 1961 (f. 18). The book was given to Millar on his twenty-first birthday, 24 Oct. 1908, by Mrs Mari..., 1909-1961 British Library
referencedIn Vol. I. 1911-1916.includes:ff. 1, 146 Reginald Lane Poole, historian: Letters to J. P. Gilson: 1911, 1916.f. 2 Julius Parnell Gilson, Keeper of Manuscripts, British Museum: Letter to Sir H. Ellis: 1911.: Autogr. copy.ff. 4, 6, 16 Lieutenant-Co..., 1911-1916 British Library
referencedIn THE TREATISE OF WALTER DE MILEMETE De Nobilitatibus, Sapientiis, et Prudentiis Regum reproduced in facsimile from the unique MS. [no. 92] at Christ Church, Oxford, with . . . . pages from the companion MS. of the treatise De Secretis Secretorum Arist... British Library
creatorOf MONTAGUE RHODES JAMES: 'The Gold Shoes of the Emperor's Horse', a fable by Montague Rhodes James (d.1936), Provost of King's College, Cambridge (1905-1918) and Provost of Eton (1918-1936); bef. 1936. Autograph draft. At f. 4v are pencil sketches, pre... British Library
referencedIn PSALTER, with Calendar, executed in northern England for secular use (see artt. 2, 4 below); 14th cent. (temp. Edw. III). Latin and French. See also A. Långfors, 'Notice et extraits du manuscrit Additional 44949 du Musée Britannique', Neuphilologisch..., 14th century British Library
referencedIn NOTES AND CORRESPONDENCE relating to 'Pictor in Carmine', collected by John Walter Hely-Hutchinson whilst the MS. was in his possession. The names of the writers of individual letters are given in the Index to the present Catalogue. Included are type... British Library
creatorOf MILLAR BEQUEST. Vol. XCIII. Montagu Rhodes James, 'Pictor in Carmine'; circa 1932. Autograph. Latin and English. Printed in Archaeologia, xciv (1951), pp. 141-166. Included is correspondence relating to publication of the text, 1948-1950 (ff. 54-65)...., approximately 1932 British Library
creatorOf CODEX SINAITICUS PAPERS. Vol. V (ff. 159). Letters; 29 Jan.-13 Feb. 1934.James Ramsay MacDonald, Prime Minister: Correspondence rel. to Codex Sinaiticus: 1933-1934: Partly signed and copies.Sir Harold Idris Bell, Keeper of Manuscripts, British Museum... British Library
creatorOf The Papers of Montague Rhodes James, 1862-1972 King's College Archive Centre, Cambridge
referencedIn Vol. V (ff. 511). Hadow-Kuentz.includes:f. 1 William Henry Hadow, writer on music: Letter to W. E. Crum: 1927.: Typewritten. Signed.f. 2 Wadie Hanna, of the Coptic Museum, Cairo: Letter to W. E. Crum: 1928.ff. 4-1 1 Bernard Haussoullier: Letter... British Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith James Montague Rhodes 1862-1936 person
Place Name Admin Code Country


Active 1301

Active 1961


Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6q33vv2

Ark ID: w6q33vv2

SNAC ID: 44969469