Ogden, James De Peyster, 1790-1870.

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Edward Curtis was a lawyer and U.S. representative from New York.

From the description of James De Peyster Ogden letter to Edward Curtis, 1840. (New-York Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 719997595

The Atlantic Dock Company was the brain-child of Daniel Richards, who in 1839 began to develop the Brooklyn harbor shoreline by erecting a contained set of docks, warehouses, and a basin for deep water ships in the area presently known as Red Hook and South Brooklyn. The Atlantic Dock Company was chartered by New York State on May 6, 1840 and began excavation and construction, capitalized at one million dollars. Richards became secretary of the company and James De Peyster Ogden became the first president. In present day Brooklyn, Richards Street now runs from north to south and extends from Hamilton Avenue to Beard Street in Red Hook. Robert Ernst's Immigrant Life in New York City, 1825-1863 (1949) describes the immigrant labor force attracted to the docks.

Construction of the first docks commenced on June 3, 1841 and stone warehouses were begun in 1844. Col. Richards erected in 1846 a grain elevator operated by steam, the first of its kind in the New York port. James S. T. Stranahan, unmentioned in the collection, took charge of work on the docks and by 1851 had purchased a controlling interest in the company and became its president. The original finding aid noted that the company was listed in Brooklyn city directories and was in liquidation in 1922, per Polk's Directory of Brooklyn and Queens.

The area is presently the principal container-loading facility in New York City and the location of a new dock for massive ocean-going cruise liners, including the Queen Mary.

See also: M1975.29.1, "View of the Atlantic Docks" by E. Whitefield ("Chromo lithograph on buff wove paper," 22 ½ x 37 ½ inches). This image was on display in the Brooklyn Historical Society's exhibition "Brooklyn Works" in 2006.

References :

Stiles, Henry R. A History of the City of Brooklyn, vol. III. Brooklyn, N.Y.: Published by subscription, 1867-1870.

"Brooklyn, N.Y, U.S. Civil War Relief Associations Collection, including 'Women's Sanitary Fair,' (1861-1865)," May 2006. Finding aid at the archives of the Brooklyn Historical Society, Brooklyn, N.Y.: Brooklyn Historical Society.

Daniel Richards was born c. 1795 in Montgomery County, N.Y., where he began his business career. He became a colonel of the 135th Regiment of the New York State militia in the 1820s and moved to New York City in 1827. He purchased property in Brooklyn's 12th Ward and took up residence in Brooklyn around 1832. Richards apparently lost control of his Atlantic Dock venture and attempted other business ventures, involving a Gowanus canal and the Pacific Dock Company; see his penciled notes regarding the outcome of the latter venture. Richards's notes and narratives on successes and failures are written on documents in the collection.

James De Peyster Ogden (1790-1870), a scion of two well-known New York families, began his business career as a clerk in a mercantile firm in New York City. He later became an overseas agent for his company and held the post of U.S. consul under President Andrew Jackson. (Death notice: April 7, 1870, New York Post .)

James S. T. Stranahan (James Samuel Thomas Stranahan, 1808-1898) was a native of Peterboro (Madison County), N.Y., where he engaged in business and agricultural ventures. He moved to Brooklyn, N.Y., in 1845 and "was elected alderman of that city in 1848; was elected as a Whig to the Thirty-fourth Congress (March 4, 1855-March 3, 1857); was an unsuccessful candidate for re-election in 1856 to the Thirty-fifth Congress; appointed as a member of the metropolitan police commission on January 1, 1857; presidential elector on the Republican tickets in 1860 and 1888; president of the board of trustees of Prospect Park, Brooklyn, N.Y.; director of the first Brooklyn Bridge and presided at its dedication May 28, 1884; died at his summer home at Saratoga Springs, N.Y., September 3, 1898; interment in Greenwood Cemetery, Brooklyn, N.Y." (United States Congress. Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, 1774-present," n.d., May 17, 2006, www.bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch). Stranahan was also a founder of the first U.S. Sanitary Fair in Brooklyn in 1863, a fund-raising fair to benefit Union soldiers and their families.

References :

Wheeler, William. The Ogden Family in America: Elizabethtown Branch. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Co., 1907.

From the guide to the Atlantic Dock Company collection, 1840-1857, (Brooklyn Historical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn James Fenimore Cooper collection of papers, 1825-1904, 1825-1849 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
creatorOf Atlantic Dock Company collection, 1840-1857 Brooklyn Historical Society
referencedIn James Fenimore Cooper collection, 1792-1976, 1792-1894 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn De Peyster family. Papers, 1677-1881. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Sage, Gardner A. [Map of the area later bounded by 8th Street, Mercer Street, Waverly Place and Washington Square East, Manhattan, New York (N.Y.)] / G.A.S. New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Ogden, James De Peyster, 1790-1870. James De Peyster Ogden letter to Edward Curtis, 1840. New-York Historical Society Library
creatorOf Cooper, James Fenimore, 1789-1851. James Fenimore Cooper collection of papers, 1825-1904 bulk (1825-1849). New York Public Library System, NYPL
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Atlantic Dock Company (Brooklyn, New York, N.Y.). corporateBody
associatedWith Cooper, James Fenimore, 1789-1851. person
associatedWith Curtis, Edward, 1801-1856. person
associatedWith De Peyster family. family
associatedWith Pacific Dock Company (Brooklyn, New York, N.Y.). corporateBody
associatedWith Richards, Daniel, b. ca. 1795 person
associatedWith Sage, Gardner A. person
associatedWith Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Red Hook (New York, N.Y.)
United States
Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)
Finance--19th century
Banks and banking--19th century
Docks--New York (State)--New York


Birth 1790

Death 1870


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