Astruc, Gabriel, 1864-1938

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French impresario, publisher, journalist, and Director of the Théâtre des Champs-Elysées (Paris) in 1913.

From the description of Papers, 1904-1925, 1907-1914 (bulk). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122467726

March 14, 1864Born in Bordeaux, France ca. 1877-1881Educated at the Lycegrave;e Fontanes, Paris. 1881Briefly worked for Enoch Fregrave;res et Costallat, music publishers, in Paris. ca. 1882-?Worked in Paris for Paul Ollendorff, publisher. Through Ollendorff, Astruc gained access to various newspapers and journals, where he undertook writing assignments. Wrote literary criticism, threatre reviews, and other articles for le Moniteur,Universel,le Figaro,le Gaulois,l'Evegrave;nementla Liberte, and la Journee. 1887-1891Organized several circus reviews in Paris: En Selle pour la Revue,Paris au Galop,A la Cravache, A fond de Train. ca. 1889 -?Joined l'Agence Dalzial, an information and news agency, where he covered presidential activites, movements of heads of state, activities at l'Elysee and the embassies, etc. Also wrote for le Signal and le Voltaire, continuing with them when l'Agence Dalziel went out of business. 1890Founded an art journal, l'Amateur, with Armand Levy. ca. 1895Married the daughter of his cousin, Wilhelm Enoch, and rejoined the firm of Enoch Fregrave;res et Costallat, replacing Georges Costallat. The firm, which published Chabrier, Frenck, Messager, d'Indy, Plerne and others, then became known as Enoch et Cie. 1900Founded Musica, a weekly supplement to the publication Fegrave;mine. 1904Established his own publishing house in Paris, la Societe Musicale G. Astruc & Cie, and secured the right to represent Edoardo Sonzogno's music publishing enterprises in France. 1905Presented a Beethoven Festival at the Nouveau Theatre in Paris in May. With Edoardo Sonzogno, organized a season of Italian opera in May at the Theatre Sarah Bernhardt. 1906Presented the London Symphony Orchestra at the Theatre du Châtelet (the Châtelet) in January; a Mozart Festival in March, and a production of Le Clown (by Victor Capoul and Isaac de Camondo) in April, both at the Nouveau Thegrave;atre; a Beethoven-Berlioz Festival at the Opera and the Châtelet in May. 1907After having met Sergei Diaghilev in the spring of 1906 through la Contesse Greffuhle, he organized the Concerts Historiques Russes with Diaghilev in 1907 at the Opera. Presented Strauss's Salome at the Châtelet in May. 1908Presented the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra at the Châtelet in April. 1909Handled business details, publicity, contracts, etc., for Diaghilev's first Saison Russe (opera and ballet) at the Châtelet in May and June. 1910Presented a season of Italian opera at the Châtelet with the participation of the Metropolitan Opera, Toscanini, and Caruso in May and June. 1911Presented the following at the Châtelet: Beethoven Festival, May; Le Martyre de Saint Sebastien with Ida Rubinstein; Diaghilev's Ballets Russes, June; The Quaker Girl, June. Also collaborated with Diaghilev to present three galas with the Ballets Russes at the Opegrave;ra in December. 1912Presented Helegrave;ne de Sparte (Verhaeren) in May and Salome (Wilde) in June, both at the Châtelet with Ida Rubinstein. Again collaborated with Diaghilev to present a Saison Russe (ballet) in June at the Châtelet. During the summer, managed theater events at the opening of Deauville, in which Diaghilev's Ballets Russes participated. 1913Supervised the opening season of the Thegrave;atre des Champs-Elysees, of which he was founder and Director. Highlights of the season were Boris Godounov and the Paris premiere of Khovanshchina, both starring Shaliapin, and a series of Ballets Russes programs which included the premiere of Le Sacre du Printemps. These programs of opera and ballet were Diaghilev enterprises. The season was a financial failure and Astruc resigned as Director of the theater in the fall of 1913. La Societe Musicale G. Astruc & Cie apparently ceased to exist at the same time. 1915Planned a production of A Midsummer Night's Dream with Cocteau and Gamier to be given at the Cirque Medrano, which was never presented. 1923Organized and presented a gala at versailles in the Galerie des Glaces on June 30 with Diaghilev's Ballets Russes 1938Died, Paris.

Works by Astruc La Materielle: Comedie en un acte. Paris, 1903. Le Pavillon des Fantomes: souvenirs. Paris, B. Grasset. [c. 1929]. "Le Premier Feu d'Artifice," in Les Ballets Russes de Serge de Diaghilev . Numero Special de la Revue Musicals, Dec. 1, 1930

From the guide to the Gabriel Astruc papers, 1904-1925, 1907-1914, (The New York Public Library. Jerome Robbins Dance Division.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Papers, 1904-1925, 1907-1914 (bulk). New York State Historical Documents Inventory
creatorOf Astruc, Gabriel, 1864-1938. Papers [microform]. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Astruc, Gabriel, 1864-1938. Letters to Loie Fuller and Gabrielle Bloch, 1915 & 1934. New York Public Libraries for the Performing Arts, Dance Collection
referencedIn Stravinsky-Diaghilev Foundation research files, 1920-1989. Harvard Theater Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Ostrom, Nicki N. Gabriel Astruc; a register of his papers in the Dance Collection of the New York Public Library. New York Public Libraries for the Performing Arts, Dance Collection
creatorOf Gabriel Astruc papers, 1904-1925, 1907-1914 The New York Public Library. Jerome Robbins Dance Division.
creatorOf Astruc, Gabriel, 1864-1938. Letter, [n.d.], Paris, to Isadora Duncan, [n.p.]. [2] p. on 1 l. New York Public Libraries for the Performing Arts, Dance Collection
creatorOf James Hazen Hyde papers, 1899-1934. New York State Historical Documents Inventory
referencedIn Fonds Louis Jouvet Bibliothèque nationale de France. Département des arts du spectacle
referencedIn Anna Pavlova correspondence with Gabriel Astruc, 1909-1913. Harvard Theater Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn James Hazen Hyde papers, 1899-1934 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Debussy, Claude, 1862-1918. Autograph letter signed, dated : [Paris], 10 November 1908, to [Gabriel Astruc], 1908 Nov. 10. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Debussy, Claude, 1862-1918. Autograph letters signed (24), and autograph postcards signed (4), dated [Paris, Hannover, and other places], 22 May 1912-[July 1917], to D.E. Inghelbrecht. Pierpont Morgan Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Astruc's person
associatedWith Ballets russes corporateBody
associatedWith Ballets russes de Serge de Diaghilev. corporateBody
associatedWith Ballets russes (Diaghilev) corporateBody
associatedWith Baron Frederiks person
associatedWith Brussel, Robert person
associatedWith Brussel, Robert. person
associatedWith Chaliapin, Fyodor Ivanovich, 1873-1938. person
associatedWith Châtelet (Theater : Paris, France) corporateBody
associatedWith Châtelet (Theater : Paris, France) corporateBody
associatedWith Cornuché, Eugène. person
associatedWith Cornuché, Eugène person
associatedWith Debussy, Claude, 1862-1918. person
associatedWith deChauveron and Pequin person
associatedWith Diaghilev, Serge, 1872-1929. person
associatedWith Duncan, Isadora, 1877-1927. person
associatedWith Etlin person
associatedWith Frederiks, Vladimir Borisovich, Baron, 1838-1927. person
associatedWith Frederiks, Vladimir Borisovich, Baron, 1845? -1929 person
associatedWith Greffulhe, Elisabeth, comtesse, 1860-1952. person
associatedWith Günzburg, Dmitri, baron. person
associatedWith Günzburg, Dmitri, Baron person
associatedWith Hahn, Reynaldo, 1875-1947. person
associatedWith Hyde, James H. (James Hazen), 1876-1959. person
correspondedWith Jouvet, Louis (1887-1951) person
associatedWith Jules Martin person
associatedWith Martin, Jules person
associatedWith Martin, Jules. person
associatedWith Mingardi, Vittorio. person
associatedWith Monteux, Pierre, 1875-1964. person
associatedWith Nijinsky, Vaslav, 1889-1950. person
associatedWith Nijinsky, Waslaw, 1890-1950 person
associatedWith Ochse person
associatedWith Ostrom, Nicki N. person
associatedWith Pavlova, Anna, 1881-1931. person
associatedWith Rubinstein, Ida, 1885? -1960 person
associatedWith Rubinstein, Ida, 1885?-1960. person
associatedWith Russian Imperial Court corporateBody
associatedWith Shidlovskiĭ, A. B. person
associatedWith Shidlovskiĭ, A. B person
associatedWith Société Musicale G. Astruc & Cie. corporateBody
associatedWith Stravinsky-Diaghilev Foundation. corporateBody
associatedWith Théâtre des Champs-Elysées. corporateBody
associatedWith Théâtre des Champs-Elysées corporateBody
associatedWith Trouhanova, Natasha person
associatedWith Trouhanova, Natasha. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
South America
Soviet Union
United States
Publishers and publishing
Theatrical producers and directors


Birth 1864-03-14

Death 1938-07-07





Ark ID: w6pr8767

SNAC ID: 43283650