Middleton, William Shainline, 1890-1975.

Alternative names

Hide Profile

Dr. Middleton was associated with the University of Wisconsin Medical School from 1912 to 1955 and was appointed Dean of the Medical School in 1935. From 1955 to 1963 he was Chief Medical Director of the Veterans Administration.

From the description of William Shainline Middleton [sound recording] : an oral history / interviewed by Peter D. Olch, July and Nov., 1968 and Feb., 1969. (National Library of Medicine). WorldCat record id: 49322579

Served in the 3rd Battalion in France and Belgium.

From the description of Diaries [manuscript]. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 225765366

Dr. Middleton was dean of the University of Wisconsin Medical School, 1935-55; chief consultant in medicine to the European Theater of Operations, 1942-45; special advisor to the surgeon general of the Army during the Korean conflict; and, chief medical officer of the Veterans Administration, 1955-63.

From the description of William Shainline Middleton papers, 1902-1973. (National Library of Medicine). WorldCat record id: 14318965

Epithet: Dr Dean of the Medical School University of Wisconsin

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000837.0x000025

William Shainline Middleton (1890-1975) was born in Norristown, PA, and earned his medical degree from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1911. After interning at Philadelphia General Hospital, he joined the University of Wisconsin Medical School in 1912. He became assistant professor on 1915, professor in 1933, and finally serving as Dean of the Medical School from 1935 to 1955.

Middleton served in both World War I and II in the U.S. Army Medical Corps. He served with the American and British Expeditionary Forces during World War I, receiving the Victory Medal and several battle clasps. During World War II, he was Chief Medical Consultant in Medicine for the European Theater of Operations (1942-1945). He received the Distinguished Service Medal and Legion of Merit, among others, for his military service. Finally, he was Special Advisor to the Surgeon General of the Army during the Korean War.

Middleton left the University of Wisconsin in 1955 to become Chief Medical Director of the Veteran's Administration, returning to a connection he first established in 1922 when he served as a tuberculosis specialist for the Veteran's Bureau. He was also a member of the VA Special Medical Advisory Group, established after World War II to advise on the care and treatment of disabled veterans. His contributions to the VA medical program include improved access to rehabilitation services, and mental health and hypertension treatment. He also guided the development of the VA's hospital and clinic research programs. The establishment of long-term patient care was also one of his VA program initiatives. He retired from the VA in 1963.

Dr. Middleton's many professional activities included presidencies of the American College of Physicians, the Central Society for Clinical Research and the American Association for the History of Medicine. He was an honorary fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine and the Royal College of Physicians in London.

From the guide to the William Shainline Middleton Papers, 1902-1973, (History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Middleton, William Shainline, 1890-1975. William Shainline Middleton [sound recording] : an oral history / interviewed by Peter D. Olch, July and Nov., 1968 and Feb., 1969. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn Middleton family. Middleton family papers, 1802 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Middleton, William Shainline, 1890-1975. William Shainline Middleton papers, 1902-1973. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn Middleton, Joseph. Account book, 1772-1773; 1784-1787. Gadsden Public Library
creatorOf Middleton, W. Diaries [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Middleton, William Shainline, 1890-1975. Medicine : notes for Dr. Middleton's course, 1939-40. University of Wisconsin-Madison, Ebling Library (Health Sciences)
referencedIn Anderson, Edward H. William Middleton biographical sketch : Ogden, Utah, 1940 Feb. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Vol. VI. April 1950-March 1955, n.d.ff. 1-202. Papers and correspondents include:American Academy of General PracticeAmerican Research and Education Foundation for Chest DiseaseCommon Cold FoundationOklahoma Medical Research FoundationLecture tour of... British Library
creatorOf William Shainline Middleton Papers, 1902-1973 History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn Wisconsin Heart Club. Minutes, 1929-1977. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn White, Alonzo J., 1812-1880. List book of negroes for sale by Alonzo J. White, 1853-1863. South Carolina Historical Society, SCHS
creatorOf [William Shainline Middleton, biographical materials] University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
creatorOf Middleton, W. [Works], [ca. 1835]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith American College of Physicians. corporateBody
associatedWith Anderson, Edward H. person
associatedWith Cannon, Keith R. person
associatedWith Fontenelle, M. de (Bernard Le Bovier), 1657-1757. person
associatedWith Hawley, Paul Ramsey. person
associatedWith Middleton family. family
associatedWith Middleton, Joseph. person
associatedWith National Research Council (U.S.). Drug Research Board. corporateBody
associatedWith Olch, Peter D. (Peter Dean), 1930- person
associatedWith United States. Department of Veterans Affairs corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Food and Drug Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Veterans Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Wisconsin. Medical School. corporateBody
associatedWith White, Alonzo J., 1812-1880. person
associatedWith Wisconsin Heart Club. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York, U.S.A.
America, North America
Subject
Occasional verse, English
Military Medicine--Interview
Education, Medical--Autobiography
Education, Medical--Biography
Military Medicine--Autobiography
English poetry--19th century
Education, Medical
Military Medicine
Military Medicine--Biography
Physicians--Biography
Education, Medical--Interview
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1890-01-07

Death 1975-09-09

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67s8931

Ark ID: w67s8931

SNAC ID: 37842376