Webb, James Josiah, 1818-1889

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Webb was a merchant in Santa Fe and one of the most influential traders on the Santa Fe Trail.

From the description of James J. Webb typescript memoirs, 1844. (Museum of New Mexico Library). WorldCat record id: 37236947

Webb was a merchant in Santa Fe, New Mexico during the nineteenth century who was heavily involved in trade on the Santa Fe Trail.

From the description of James Josiah Webb paper : photocopies, 1852-1864. (Santa Fe Public Library). WorldCat record id: 38510443

James Josiah Webb, freighter and New Mexico business pioneer, was born in Warren, Connecticut in 1818. In his early life, Webb managed general stores in New Jersey, Georgia (1841), and St. Louis (1843). In 1844, Webb took a shipment of goods to Santa Fe, New Mexico from St. Louis in what was to be his first of eighteen trips along the Santa Fe Trail. When he arrived in Santa Fe, Webb set up a store with some credit he received for shipping the initial load of goods. With this venture, Webb began almost twenty years of retail service in Santa Fe.

From the description of Correspondence, 1852-1864. (University of New Mexico-Main Campus). WorldCat record id: 46867188

James Josiah Webb, freighter and New Mexico business pioneer, was born in Warren, Connecticut, in 1818. In his early life, Webb managed general stores in New Jersey, Georgia (1841), and St. Louis (1843). In 1844, Webb took a shipment of goods to Santa Fe, New Mexico from St. Louis in what was to be his first of eighteen trips along the Santa Fe Trail. When he arrived in Santa Fe, Webb set up a store with some credit he received for shipping the initial load of goods. With this venture, Webb began almost twenty years of retail service in Santa Fe.

Webb ran his Santa Fe mercantile businesses with partners. He established his first stores with George P. Doan of St. Louis and soon after with William S. Messervy, of Salem, Massachusetts. In 1853, Webb joined forces with John M. Kingsbury and together they established the firm of Webb and Kingsbury, an outfit that was reported to be the largest and best known trading firm in Santa Fe. As the business grew, Webb lived and worked primarily in New Haven, Connecticut, ordering and shipping goods to Kingsbury, who remained in Santa Fe to run the daily operations of the business. Webb also had business contacts with the military, including with Captain William R. Shoemaker at Fort Union, New Mexico.

Webb was well-connected into the social and political life of New Mexico, despite his frequent and lengthy absences from the state. He was elected to the New Mexico Territorial Legislature in 1856, and maintained friendships with Samuel Ellison, a well-positioned political figure who served as secretary, translator, and interpreter for three territorial governors. Webb was reported to be charitable as well. He took in a six year old Mexican child named Jose M. Hernandez in 1849, caring for him until 1860. The letters from Hernandez in the collection discuss Hernandez's employment as a translator for the Indian Agent at Fort Defiance, Arizona.

Webb's business arrangements with Kingsbury ended in 1861. Webb remained in Connecticut for the remainder of his life, serving in the Connecticut Senate in 1863. He died in Hamden, Connecticut in 1889. His recollections about the Santa Fe trade were published posthumously under the title, Adventures in the Santa Fe Trade, 1844-1847 (Glendale, Calif. : A. H. Clark Co., 1931).

From the guide to the James Josiah Webb Correspondence, 1852-1864, (University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Webb, James. James Webb and Joseph D. Hathaway account book, 1801-1808, 1820-1840. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Marshall, J.W. Marshall Phrenological Collection, 1870s-1958. Harvard University, Medical School, Countway Library
creatorOf Webb, James Josiah, 1818-1889. James Josiah Webb paper : photocopies, 1852-1864. New Mexico State Library
referencedIn J. W. (James Webb). Business records, 1833-1886 (inclusive). Harvard Business School, Knowledge and Library Services/Baker Library
creatorOf Webb, James Josiah, 1818-1889. James J. Webb typescript memoirs, 1844. Museum of New Mexico Library
referencedIn Astor, John Jacob, 1763-1848. Business records, 1784-1892 (inclusive), 1809-1848 (bulk) [microform]. Harvard Business School, Knowledge and Library Services/Baker Library
creatorOf James Josiah Webb Correspondence, 1852-1864 University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research
referencedIn Nicosia, Gerald. Home to War/Vietnam Veterans Archive, 1960s-2000s University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Saul, Oscar. Fugitive from terror : screenplay / by Oscar Saul. The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library
creatorOf Webb, James Josiah, 1818-1889. Correspondence, 1852-1864. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
creatorOf Kingsbury, John M., 1829-1907. John M. Kingsbury letters to James J. Webb, 1858-1860. Southern Methodist University, DeGolyer Library
creatorOf Kingston, Ceylon Samuel. Selections from the sources / [compiled by C.S. Kingston]. Eastern Washington University, JFK Library
referencedIn Col. James Webb : a soldier of the war of the Revolution who settled at Stroudwater / written for the Deering News. Maine State Library
referencedIn Webb, James : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn London, Jack, 1876-1916. Letters and press cutting [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Alabama. Attorney General's Office. Albert Patterson case files, 1954-1960. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Ryland, Elizabeth Hawes, 1879-1954,. Papers, 1692-1907. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Child, William, b. 1834. Webb, James. Godfrey Memorial Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alabama. Attorney General's Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Astor, John Jacob, 1763-1848. person
associatedWith Child, William, b. 1834. person
associatedWith Concord (Ship) corporateBody
associatedWith Eliza Ann (Ship) corporateBody
associatedWith Ellison, Sam. person
associatedWith Ellison, Samuel, 1817-1889. person
associatedWith Ellsion, Samuel, 1817-1889. person
associatedWith Green, R. Franke. person
associatedWith Hathaway, Joseph. person
associatedWith J. W. (James Webb) person
associatedWith Kingsbury, John M., 1829-1907. person
associatedWith Lamy, John Baptist, 1814-1888. person
associatedWith London, Jack, 1876-1916. person
associatedWith Messervy and Webb. corporateBody
associatedWith Messervy, William S. person
associatedWith Nicosia, Gerald person
associatedWith Otero, Miguel A. (Miguel Antonio), 1829-1882. person
associatedWith Pheasant (Ship). corporateBody
associatedWith Rencher, Abraham, 1798-1883. person
associatedWith Ryland, Elizabeth Hawes, 1879-1954, person
associatedWith Sacon, Jose. person
associatedWith Saul, Oscar. person
associatedWith Webb and Kingsbury. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
New Mexico--Santa Fe
Massachusetts--Berkley
Texas--El Paso
Santa Fe (N.M.)
Santa Fe (N.M.)
Santa Fe (N.M.)
New Mexico
New Mexico
Massachusetts
New Mexico
United States
New Mexico
New Mexico--Santa Fe
New Mexico--Santa Fe
Santa Fe National Historic Trail
Subject
Accounts--19th century
Shipping--19th century
Frontier and pioneer life
Merchants
Merchants--19th century
Merchant ships--19th century
Businessmen
Elections--New Mexico
Frontier and pioneer life--New Mexico
Sailors--19th century
Elections
Postal service
Governor
Merchants--New Mexico--Santa Fe
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1818

Death 1889

Information

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