Irwin, Bernard John Dowling, 1830-1917

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Bernard John Dowling Irwin was born in Ireland and emigrated to the United States while still a boy. He graduated from New York Medical College in 1852 and began his service in the U.S. Army as a surgeon in 1855. In February 1861, while stationed at Fort Buchanan, Arizona, he led troops against Chiricahua Indians at Apache Pass. He was awarded the Medal of Honor and gained the nickname "The Fighting Doctor" for his gallantry. During the Civil War, Irwin introduced the use of tent field hospitals at the battle of Shiloh in 1862. After the war he served as post surgeon to various posts in the American West. In 1892 he was appointed Assistant Surgeon General of the Army. He retired in 1894.

From the guide to the Bernard John Dowling Irwin Papers, ca.1850-19--, (History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine)

Army officer and surgeon.

From the description of Papers of Bernard John Dowling Irwin, 1850-1870. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 85185752

Army surgeon; served at Ft. Defiance, then Ft. Buchanan, serving in the Apache Wars where he became known as the fighting doctor. From 1882 to 1885, he was medical director of the Dept. of Arizona.

From the description of Irwin articles, 1876-1934. (Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division). WorldCat record id: 41138910

Bernard John Dowling Irwin was born in Ireland and emigrated to the United States while still a boy. He graduated from New York Medical College in 1852 and began his service the the U.S. Army as a surgeon in 1855. In February 1861, while stationed at Fort Buchanan, Arizona, he led troops against Chiricahua Indians at Apache Pass. He was awarded the Medal of Honor and gained the nickname "The Fighting Doctor" for his gallantry. During the Civil War, Irwin introduced the use of tent field hospitals at the battle of Shiloh in 1862. After the war he served as post surgeon to various posts in the American West. In 1892 he was appointed Assistant Surgeon General of the Army. He retired in 1894.

From the description of Bernard John Dowling Irwin papers, [ca. 1850-19--] (National Library of Medicine). WorldCat record id: 14320376

Bernard John Dowling Irwin (1830-1917) was a surgeon in the United States Army. He is best known for beginning the first military hospitals in the field of combat.

From the description of Bernard John Dowling Irwin letter and diary, 1855-1856. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 361573095

From the guide to the Bernard John Dowling Irwin letter and diary, 1855-1856, (L. Tom Perry Special Collections)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Smithsonian Archives. Ru 305: U.S. National Museum Accession Records.
referencedIn Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary. Correspondence, 1865-1891 Smithsonian Institution Archives
creatorOf Irwin, Bernard John Dowling, 1830-1917. Papers [microform]. University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Irwin, Bernard John Dowling, 1830-1917. Irwin articles, 1876-1934. Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division
referencedIn National Archives And Records Administration. Rg 112: Surgeon General's Office.
referencedIn Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary. Correspondence, 1863-1879 Smithsonian Institution Archives
creatorOf Bernard John Dowling Irwin letter and diary, 1855-1856 L. Tom Perry Special Collections19th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn Smithsonian Institution Annual Report. 1863.0.
creatorOf Irwin, Bernard John Dowling, 1830-1917. Bernard John Dowling Irwin papers, [ca. 1850-19--] National Library of Medicine
creatorOf Irwin, Bernard John Dowling, 1830-1917. Bernard John Dowling Irwin letter and diary, 1855-1856. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn Library Of Congress, Manuscript Division. Bernard J. D. Irwin Papers.
creatorOf Irwin, Bernard John Dowling, 1830-1917. Papers of Bernard John Dowling Irwin, 1850-1870. Library of Congress
creatorOf Bernard John Dowling Irwin Papers, ca.1850-19-- History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn George E. Omer, Jr. Oral History Collection, 1950-1999 New Mexico Health Historical Collection, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Library and Informatics Center
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Ainsa Brothers corporateBody
associatedWith Centennial Exhibition (Philadelphia, 1876) corporateBody
associatedWith Custer, George A. (George Armstrong), 1839-1876. person
associatedWith Hancock, Winfield Scott, 1824-1886. person
correspondedWith Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878 person
associatedWith Holt, Joseph, 1807-1894. person
associatedWith Hurlbut, Stephen Augustus, 1815-1882. person
associatedWith Library of Congress. Manuscript Division. corporateBody
associatedWith Omer, George E., Jr., 1922- person
correspondedWith Otis, George Alexander person
associatedWith Page, John. person
correspondedWith Reynolds, Charles person
associatedWith Sellers, John R. person
associatedWith Spidle, Jake W., 1941- person
associatedWith Tucson Meteorite corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith Whitney, Josiah Dwight person
associatedWith Whitney, William Dwight person
associatedWith Wood, Robert C. (Robert Crooke), 1832-1900. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Texas
Texas
Arizona--Tucson
Arizona
United States
United States
Tennessee--Memphis
New Mexico
New Mexico
United States
Subject
Military camps--Texas--History--Sources
Geology
Smithsonian Exchange
Military hospitals
Military Medicine
Physicians
Apache Indians--Wars
Soldiers--United States--History--Sources
National Museum
priorities
Military
Military camps--History--Sources
Smithsonian Publications
Indians, North American--Biography
Natural history
Astronomy
Soldiers--History--Sources
Military Medicine--Biography
Meteorites
Exposition
Ethnology Archaeology Anthropology
Politics, Government, and Law
Indians, North American
Occupation
Army officers
Surgeons
Activity

Person

Birth 1830-06-24

Death 1917-12-15

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