Herbert Kline was a pioneer in documentary filmmaking and received a Golden Globe nomination and award, as well as two Academy Award nominations for his achievements. Kline also contributed to or wrote scripts for some of his documentary films. Kline's important early work included The Heart of Spain (1937), Lights Out in Europe (1938), Crisis (1939), and My Father's House (1947).
During his career, Kline had attempted to break away from making documentaries to become a Hollywood director and writer, but he did not have much success. Toward the end of Kline's life, his health declined and he battled a long illness before his death on February 5, 1999, in Los Angeles.
Contemporary Authors Online. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/BioRC (accessed May 2009)
From the guide to the Herbert Kline collection related to the film Barabbas (The Thief and the Cross), 1954–1960, 1957–1959, (University of Delaware Library - Special Collections)
Herbert Kline (1910-1999) was an American documentary film maker who chronicled political crises in Europe in the 1930s and 1940s.
Herbert Kline was born in Davenport, Iowa. As a young man he edited Chicago's liberal New Theater magazine and joined the Photo League, a group of politically progressive photojournalists and documentarists. His work documented a wide range of issues in Europe and Central America, including the Spanish Civil War ( Heart of Spain, 1937; Return to Life, 1938), the rise of Hitler and fascism ( Crisis, 1938; Lights Out in Europe, 1939; My Father's House, 1941), and peasant life in Mexico ( The Forgotten Village, 1941). His sentiments earned him a place on the House Un-American Affairs Committee blacklist and between 1949 and 1970 he produced only one film, an adaptation of Jack London's short story "The Mexican" entitled The Fighter . His Walls of Fire (1971), about Mexican artists Diego Rivera and David Alfaro, was nominated for an Academy Award and won a Golden Globe for best documentary film.
From the guide to the Herbert Kline Papers, 1919-1971, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries)
The Spanish Civil War (1936 – 1939) was a conflict between the newly-elected left-leaning government of the Spanish Republic and its supporters and the (ultimately successful) rebellion against the Republic led by General Francisco Franco and supported by Hitler and Mussolini. Thousands of men and women from around the world volunteered to serve as soldiers and medical and support personnel for the Republic, which organized them into International Brigades (including the Abraham Lincoln Brigade, made up of North Americans). Film was one of the weapons used by international organizations supporting the Republic and the Brigades to document the war and to generate support and raise money; after the war they used moving images to aid the Republic’s refugees.
“With the Lincoln Brigade In Spain,” is a short documentary film produced by Herbert Kline, directed by still photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson, and shot in 35mm (although distributed in 16 mm) by Cartier-Bresson and movie camera operator Jaques Lemare. It was filmed in 1937 and released in 1938. Shown in union halls, clubs, and other small venues throughout the United States, “With the Lincoln Brigade in Spain” was used to raise funds to bring the Brigaders home.
• Salas, Juan. “Henri Cartier-Bresson Film Found in ALBA Archive.” The Volunteer 17 (2010): 8-9,11. Accessed July 3, 2012. http://www.albavolunteer.org/2010/03/henri-cartier-bresson-footage-%E2%80%A8found-in-alba-archive/
From the guide to the "With the Abraham Lincoln Brigade in Spain" Film., undated, (Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives)
|referencedIn||Gore Vidal papers, 1850-2020 (inclusive), 1936-2008 (bulk)||Houghton Library|
|creatorOf||"With the Abraham Lincoln Brigade in Spain" Film., undated||Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives|
|referencedIn||Rose Harvan Papers, undated||Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives|
|creatorOf||Herbert Kline collection related to the film Barabbas (The Thief and the Cross), 1954–1960, 1957–1959||University of Delaware Library - Special Collections|
|referencedIn||Edward Flanders Ricketts Papers, 1936-1979 (inclusive), 1936-1947 (bulk)||Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives|
|referencedIn||Robert Steck Papers, Bulk, 1936-1993, 1917-1998||Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives|
|creatorOf||Herbert Kline Papers, 1919-1971||Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center|
|associatedWith||Abraham Lincoln Brigade.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Cartier-Bresson, Henri, 1908-2004||person|
|associatedWith||Harvan, Rose Margaret.||person|
|associatedWith||Lagerkvist, Pär, 1891-1974||person|
|associatedWith||Ricketts, Edward Flanders, 1896-1948||person|
|associatedWith||Spain. Ejercito Popular de la Republica. Abraham Lincoln Battalion.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Spain. Ejercito Popular de la Republica. Brigada Internacional, XV.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade. Archives.||corporateBody|
|associatedWith||Vidal, Gore, 1925-||person|
|Place Name||Admin Code||Country|
|Spain |x History |y Civil War, 1936-1939.|
|Spain |x History |y Civil War, 1936-1939 |v Sources.|
|Spain |x History |y Civil War, 1936-1939 |x Campaigns.|
|Spain |x History |y Civil War, 1936-1939 |x International brigades.|
|Motion picture industry--California--Los Angeles--History--20th century--Sources|
|World War II--Motion pictures and the war|
|Motion picture producers and directors|
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