Child Development Group of Mississippi

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The Child Development Group of Mississippi (CDGM) was a community action group that developed a Head Start program for low income, primarily black, pre-school children. The CDGM Head Start program evolved from a meeting called by Dr. Tom Levin, a civil rights activist, with five other social scientists and professionals, which was held in New York City on March 11, 1965. Levin was the first director of the CDGM's Head Start program which, in its heyday, operated eighty-seven centers throughout Mississippi with an enrollment of 6,000 children and a staff of 3,000 adults.

The CDGM received one of the largest grants in the country from the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO) to begin operation. Within months it became the OEO's most controversial Head Start program. It faced opposition from the Klu Klux Klan, the local press and some members of the black community. In addition, charges of mismanagement were leveled at the organization. In September, less than six months from the time they were funded, CDGM's funds were withdrawn by the OEO.

With the aid of a newly formed support group, the Friends of Children of Mississippi (FCM), the CDGM operated without government funding during the winter of 1965-1966. After a congressional investigation, organizational and personnel changes, the OEO provided $5.5 million dollars for a full year's operation in fourteen out of the nineteen countries in the state. In October 1967 the OEO withdrew all funding to Head Start programs in Mississippi counties operating under the mantle of the CDGM.

From the description of Child Development Group of Mississippi collection, 1965-1971. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 86164356

The Child Development Group of Mississippi (CDGM) was a community action group that developed a Head Start program for low income, primarily black, pre-school children. The CDGM Head Start program evolved from a meeting called by Dr. Tom Levin, a civil rights activist, with five other social scientists and professionals, which was held in New York City on March 11, 1965. Levin was the first director of the CDGM's Head Start program which, in its heyday, operated eighty-seven centers throughout Mississippi with an enrollment of 6,000 children and a staff of 3,000 adults.

The CDGM received one of the largest grants in the country from the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO) to begin operation. Within months it became the OEO's most controversial Head Start program. It faced opposition from the Klu Klux Klan, the local press and some members of the black community. In addition, charges of mismanagement were leveled at the organization. In September, less than six months from the time they were funded, CDGM's funds were withdrawn by the OEO.

With the aid of a newly formed support group, the Friends of Children of Mississippi (FCM), the CDGM operated without government funding during the winter of 1965-1966. After a congressional investigation, organizational and personnel changes, the OEO provided $5.5 million dollars for a full year's operation in fourteen out of the nineteen countries in the state. In October 1967 the OEO withdrew all funding to Head Start programs in Mississippi counties operating under the mantle of the CDGM.

From the guide to the Child Development Group of Mississippi collection, 1965-1971, (The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Levin, Tom. Tom Levin papers, 1963-1967. Martin Luther King, Jr., Memorial Center
referencedIn Citizens' Crusade Against Poverty. Citizens' Crusade Against Poverty records, 1964-1970, (bulk 1965-1968). Wayne State University. Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs
referencedIn Moore, Amzie, 1912-1982. Papers, 1941-1970. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Child Development Group of Mississippi. Child Development Group of Mississippi collection, 1965-1971. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Delta Ministry. Thelma Barnes files, 1964-1970. Martin Luther King, Jr., Memorial Center
referencedIn Stewart, Peter H., 1934-. An oral history with Peter H. Stewart, 1997 Aug. 20, 28. University of Southern Mississippi, Regional Campus, Joseph Anderson Cook Library
referencedIn Center for Community Change. Center for Community Change records, 1960-1979. Wayne State University. Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs
creatorOf Yancy, Roberta,. Civil rights collection, 1960-1972. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Morey, R. Hunter, 1940- . Papers, 1962-1967. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Houston, James M. Papers, ca. 1937, 1955, 1962-1967. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Derby, Doris Adelaide. Doris Adalaide Derby papers, 1960-1992. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn Winfield, William. Papers, 1965-1967. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Erik H. and Joan M. Erikson papers, 1925-1985 (inclusive) 1960-1980 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Child Development Group of Mississippi collection, 1965-1971 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Civil rights collection, 1960-1972 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
creatorOf United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. Board of National Missions. Division of Church Strategy and Development. Records, 1871-1972 / Board of National Missions, Division of Church Strategy and Development. Presbyterian Historical Society, PHS
creatorOf Child Development Group of Mississippi. Records, 1962-1969. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Chuck Stone Papers, 1931-2007 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Center for Community Change. corporateBody
associatedWith Citizens' Crusade Against Poverty. corporateBody
associatedWith Delta Ministry. corporateBody
associatedWith Delta Ministry of Mississippi. corporateBody
associatedWith Derby, Doris Adelaide. person
associatedWith Erikson, Erik H. (Erik Homburger), 1902-1994 person
associatedWith Friend of Children of Mississippi. corporateBody
associatedWith Hoffman, Marvin. person
associatedWith Houston, James M. person
associatedWith Levin, Tom. person
associatedWith Moore, Amzie, 1912-1982. person
associatedWith Morey, R. Hunter, 1940- . person
associatedWith National Council of Churches of Christ in the United States of America corporateBody
associatedWith National Council of Churches of Christ in the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Project Head Start (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Stewart, Peter H., 1934- person
associatedWith Stone, Chuck person
associatedWith United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. Board of National Missions. Division of Church Strategy and Development. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office of Economic Opportunity. corporateBody
associatedWith Winfield, William. person
associatedWith Yancy, Roberta person
associatedWith Yancy, Roberta, person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Mississippi
United States
Mississippi
Mississippi
Subject
Children with social disabilities--Education (Preschool)--Mississippi
Head Start Program
Head Start Program--Mississippi
Education, Preschool--Mississippi
African Americans--Civil rights
Community organization
Children--United States
Children with social disabilities--Education (Preschool)
African--American Students
Segregation in education--United States
Education, Preschool--United States
Segregation in education
African American students--Mississippi
African American children--Mississippi
African Americans
Education, Preschool
African Americans--Education (Preschool)--Mississippi
Segregation in education--Mississippi
African Americans--Children
African Americans--Civil rights--Mississippi
African Americans--Education
Children
African Americans--Education (Preschool)
Occupation
Activity

Corporate Body

Active 1962

Active 1969

Information

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SNAC ID: 30084149