Northern Student Movement

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Launched in the fall of 1961 by Peter Countryman and a committee of the Student Christian Movement in New England, the Northern Student Movement (NSM) grew from a loose group of campus organizations raising funds for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and its student-led civil rights initiatives in the South, to student-run tutorial programs in blighted urban areas accessible to college campuses in the Northeast, and to a federation of community action projects in the black ghettos of eight Northern cities. William Strickland succeeded Countryman as executive director in September 1963.

NSM encompassed the tutorial programs and community groups it joined or helped foster. By the fall of 1963, it had a staff of fifty fulltime activists and more than 2,500 student volunteers. Its year-round tutorial programs, with some 4000 tutors and 5000 elementary and high school students, emphasized one-on-one instruction. Its community action projects, including the Boston Action Group, the North End Community Action Project in Hartford, the NSM Freedom Library in Philadelphia, the Harlem Action Group in New York and the Adult Community Movement for Equality in Detroit, organized consumer boycotts against companies that discriminated against blacks; led rent strikes and civil rights demonstrations; organized "Freedom Libraries," leadership training programs for high school dropouts, and African-American history workshops to foster black pride; helped launch several community newspapers, and enlisted local youth to transform vacant lots into neighborhood parks and playgrounds.

From the description of Northern Student Movement records, 1961-1966. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 277145722

Launched in the fall of 1961 by Peter Countryman and a committee of the Student Christian Movement in New England, the Northern Student Movement (NSM) grew from a loose group of campus organizations raising funds for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and its student-led civil rights initiatives in the South, to student-run tutorial programs in blighted urban areas accessible to college campuses in the Northeast, and to a federation of community action projects in the black ghettos of eight Northern cities. William Strickland succeeded Countryman as executive director in September 1963.

NSM encompassed the tutorial programs and community groups it joined or helped foster. By the fall of 1963, it had a staff of fifty fulltime activists and more than 2,500 student volunteers. Its year-round tutorial programs, with some 4000 tutors and 5000 elementary and high school students, emphasized one-on-one instruction. Its community action projects, including the Boston Action Group, the North End Community Action Project in Hartford, the NSM Freedom Library in Philadelphia, the Harlem Action Group in New York and the Adult Community Movement for Equality in Detroit, organized consumer boycotts against companies that discriminated against blacks; led rent strikes and civil rights demonstrations; organized "Freedom Libraries," leadership training programs for high school dropouts, and African-American history workshops to foster black pride; helped launch several community newspapers, and enlisted local youth to transform vacant lots into neighborhood parks and playgrounds.

From the guide to the Northern Student Movement records, 1961-1966, (The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Northern Student Movement. Northern Student Movement records, 1961-1966. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Baxandall, Rosalyn Fraad, 1939-. Oral history interview with Rosalyn Fraad Baxandall, 1989. Nolan, Norton & Company, Incorporated
creatorOf Ryan, Phyllis M., 1927-1998. Civil rights handouts, 1963-1965. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn Civil Rights History Project collection, 2010-2011 Archive of Folk Culture, American Folklife Center Library of Congress,http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.afc/folklife.home
creatorOf Northern Student Movement records, 1961-1966 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Aronowitz, Stanley. Papers, 1962-1965. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Jacobs, James, 1944-. Oral history interview with James Jacobs, 1984. Nolan, Norton & Company, Incorporated
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adult Community Movement for Equality (Detroit, Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith American Folklife Center corporateBody
associatedWith Aronowitz, Stanley. person
associatedWith Baxandall, Rosalyn Fraad, 1939- person
associatedWith Boston Action Group. corporateBody
associatedWith Churchville, John person
associatedWith Churchville, John. person
associatedWith Countryman, Peter. person
associatedWith Harlem Action Group. corporateBody
associatedWith Jacobs, James, 1944- person
associatedWith Jeffrey, Sharon person
associatedWith Jeffrey, Sharon. person
associatedWith Joyce, Frank H. person
associatedWith Leiken, Samuel. person
associatedWith Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party. corporateBody
associatedWith Morrill, Peter person
associatedWith Morrill, Peter. person
associatedWith National Museum of African American History and Culture (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith North End Community Action Group (Hartford, Conn.) corporateBody
associatedWith N.S.M Freedom Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Shaw, Sarah-Ann. person
associatedWith Strickland, William, 1937- person
associatedWith Student Christian Movement in New England. corporateBody
associatedWith Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Students for a Democratic Society (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Sutton, Charyn Diane, 1947-2004. person
associatedWith Turner, Charles person
associatedWith Turner, Charles. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Michigan--Detroit
New York (State)--New York
Connecticut--Hartford
Massachusetts--Boston
North Carolina--Durham
Southern States
United States
Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
Subject
School improvement programs--United States
Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Protest movements
Rent strikes--United States
School integration--North Carolina--Durham
Community organization--New York (State)--New York
Education
Tutors and tutoring--New York (State)--New York
Segregation in education--Law and legislation--United States
Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Protest movements--United States
Tutors and tutoring--Michigan--Detroit
Community organization--Michigan--Detroit
African Americans--Civil rights
College students--Political activity
Segregation in education--Law and legislation
African American college students--Political activity
Segregation in education
African American student movements
Civil rights movement
Community organization--Massachusetts--Boston
Education--Southern States
Black nationalism
Education--United States
Civil rights movements--United States
Community organization
Rent strikes
Student movements--United States--20th century
Tutors and tutoring
Tutors and tutoring--Massachusetts--Boston
Student movements--20th century
School improvement programs
Community organization--Connecticut--Hartford
Tutors and tutoring--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
Tutors and tutoring--Connecticut--Hartford
College students--United States--Political activity
Community organization--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
School integration
Segregation in education--United States
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Active 1963

Active 1965

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