Montana. Governor

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The "General Appropriation Act of 1977," appropriated money for the Governor's Office to undertake treaty review and research of Indian Affairs in the State of Montana. In December 1977, the Governor's Office contracted with Historical Research Associates (HRA) of Missoula, Montana, to conduct research into treaties, statutes, and executive orders affecting Montana reservations. Particular emphasis was to be placed on those documents concerning reservation establishment and boundary delineation. A few months after the award of this contract, the Governor's Office expanded the project to issues involving Indian hunting and fishing rights. HRA staff reseachers began work on the treaty review and research project in December, 1977. Following the compilation of documents involving boundary and/or fishing issues, staff researchers began an investigation of various annual reports of Indian agents in Montana. In addition, a researcher traveled to the National Archives in Washington, D.C., and to the Seattle Federal Records Center in Seattle, Washington, to investigate archival documents relating to Indian affairs. Concomitant with the collection of archival documents, a researcher prepared legislative histories for some 50 significant treaties, acts and executive orders. By early spring, 1979, some 15,000 pages of documents had been collected and organized by project team members. At this point, research historians began compiling brief overviews of treaties, statutes and executive orders that affected various Montana reservations. In June, 1979, the Governor's Office contracted with HRA to supervise the microfilming of all documents. That process was completed in October of 1980.

From the guide to the Montana Governor's Office: Montana Indian Historical Jurisdiction Study Records, 1851-1975, (Montana Historical Society Archives)

The office of Governor was established by the 1889 Constitution, which established its functions and duties as the executive office of the state.

From the description of Records, 1871-1962. (Montana Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 70959374

The Montana Governor is the chief executive officer of the State of Montana. During the territorial period [1864-1889], the Governor was appointed by the President of the United States. Since statehood the Governor has been elected in statewide election.

The duties of the office were established in the 1889 Constitution. These duties included overall administration of state government; serving on various boards, including the Board of Prison Commissioners, the Board of Examiners, and others; convening special sessions as needed; signing or vetoing legislation passed by the Legislative Assembly; receiving regular reports from departments of the executive branch; appointing non-elective officials of state government and appointing replacements when elected officials die in office; granting pardons and commutations of sentence; and being the official representative of the state in its relations with the United States and other state governments.

From the guide to the Montana Governors Records, 1889-1905, (Montana Historical Society Research Center)

The Montana Governor is the chief executive officer of the State of Montana. During the territorial period [1864-1889], the Governor was appointed by the President of the United States. Since statehood the Governor has been elected in statewide election.

The duties of the office were established in the 1889 Constitution. These duties included overall administration of state government; serving on various boards, including the Board of Prison Commissioners, the Board of Examiners, and others; convening special sessions as needed; signing or vetoing legislation passed by the Legislative Assembly; receiving regular reports from departments of the executive branch; appointing non-elective officials of state government and appointing replacements when elected officials die in office; granting pardons and commutations of sentence; and being the official representative of the state in its relations with the United States and other state governments.

Statehood governors were Joseph K. Toole (1889-1893, 1901-1908), John E. Richards (1893-1897), Robert Burns Smith (1897-1901), Edwin L. Norris (1908-1913), Sam V. Stewart (1913-1921), Joseph M. Dixon (1921-1925), John E. Erickson (1925-1933), Frank H. Cooney (1933-1935), W.E. Holt (1935-1937), Roy E. Ayers (1937-1941), Sam C. Ford (1941-1949), John T. Bonner (1949-1953), J. Hugo Aronson (1953-1961), Donald Nutter (1961-1962). [Nutter is the last governor included in these records; later governors have their own collections; for thumbnail biographical sketches of governors, see Montana Governor's webpage. http://www.discoveringmontana.com/gov2/formergov/ ].

From the guide to the Montana Governors records, 1889-1962, (Montana Historical Society Research Center)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Montana Governor's Office: Montana Indian Historical Jurisdiction Study Records, 1851-1975 Montana Historical Society Archives
referencedIn United States. Dept. of the Interior. Patents and Miscellaneous Division. Transcripts of Executive proceedings and related correspondence, 1877-1887. Denver Art Museum
creatorOf Montana Governors records, 1889-1962 Montana Historical Society Research CenterArchives
creatorOf Montana. Governor. Records, 1871-1962. Montana Historical Society Library
creatorOf Montana Governors Records, 1889-1905 Montana Historical Society Research CenterArchives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Aronson, J. Hugo 1891-1978. person
associatedWith Ayers, Roy Elmer, 1882-1955. person
associatedWith Bonner, John W. 1902-1970. person
associatedWith Cooney, Frank H. 1872-1935. person
associatedWith Dixon, Joseph M. 1867-1934. person
associatedWith Erickson, John Edward, 1863-1946. person
associatedWith Ford, Sam C. 1882-1961. person
associatedWith Holt, W. Elmer 1884-1945. person
associatedWith Montana. Governor (1889-1893 : Toole) corporateBody
associatedWith Montana. Governor (1893-1897 : Rickards) corporateBody
associatedWith Montana. Governor (1897-1901 : Smith) corporateBody
associatedWith Montana. Governor (1901-1908 : Toole) corporateBody
associatedWith Montana. Governor (1908-1913 : Norris) corporateBody
associatedWith Montana. Governor (1913-1921 : Stewart) corporateBody
associatedWith Montana. Governor (1921-1925 : Dixon) corporateBody
associatedWith Montana. Governor (1925-1933 : Erickson) corporateBody
associatedWith Montana. Governor (1933-1935 : Cooney) corporateBody
associatedWith Montana. Governor (1935-1937 : Holt) corporateBody
associatedWith Montana. Governor (1937-1941 : Ayers) corporateBody
associatedWith Montana. Governor (1941-1949 : Ford) corporateBody
associatedWith Montana. Governor (1949-1953 : Bonner) corporateBody
associatedWith Montana. Governor (1953-1961 : Aronson) corporateBody
associatedWith Montana. Governor (1961-1962 : Nutter) corporateBody
associatedWith Norris, Edwin L. 1865-1924. person
associatedWith Nutter, Donald Grant, 1915-1962. person
associatedWith Rickards, J. E. 1848-1927. person
associatedWith Smith, Robert Burns, 1854-1908. person
associatedWith Stewart, Samuel V. 1872-1939. person
associatedWith Toole, J. K. 1851-1929. person
associatedWith United States. Dept. of the Interior. Patents and Miscellaneous Division. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Montana
Blackfeet Indian Reservation (Mont.)
Rocky Boys Indian Reservation (Mont.)
Mexico
United States
Flathead Indian Reservation (Mont.)
Fort Belknap Indian Reservation (Mont.)
Knowles Dam (Mont.)
Paradise Dam (Mont.)
Paradise Irrigation District (Mont.)
Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation (Mont.)
Butte (Mont.)
St. Ignatius (Mont.)
Montana
Wyoming
Crow Indian Reservation (Mont.)
Fort Peck Indian Reservation (Mont.)
Subject
Indians of North America--Montana
Indians of North America--Treaties--Montana
Native Americans
Prison riots--Montana
Mines and Mineral Resources
Government and Politics
Prisoners--Montana
Spanish--American War, 1898
Liquor laws--Montana
Prisons--Montana
Strikes and lockouts--Copper mining--Montana
Smith Mine Disaster, 1943
Federal government
Deaf--Montana--Institutional care
Labor History
Labor disputes--Montana
Business, Industry, and Labor
Government reorganization
Osteopathy--Montana
Landless Indians--Montana
Montana
Osteopaths--Montana
Veterans--Societies, etc.--Montana
Electric power--Montana
Forest management--Montana
Indians of North America--Claims--Montana
Universities and colleges--Montana
Conservation of natural resources--Montana
Labor and laboring classes--Montana
Droughts--Montana
World War, 1914-1918
Indians of North America--Legal status, laws, etc.--Montana
Deaf--Montana--Education
Promotional societies--Montana
Depresions, 1929--Montana
Earthquakes--Montana
Labor unions--Miners--Montana
Irrigation--Montana
Trials (Murder)--Montana
Occupation
Function
Governors--Montana

Corporate Body

Active 1871

Active 1962

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