Varnum, Jacob Butler, 1788-1874.

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Born in Dracutt, Mass., June 13,1788, son of Joseph B. Varnum; 1811 appointed agent of U.S. Trading House, Sandusky, 0., where he was befriended by The Crane and given name Wab-ache-chock. During War of 1812 Varnum returned to Mass. In 1815 was appointed factor at Chicago where he served until 1822. He was twice married: to Mary Ann Aiken at Mackinac in 1817; and to Catherine Dodemead in Detroit in 1819. From Chicago Varnum went to Washington, and in 1828 to Petersburg, Va., where he remained until close of Civil War. He died in Washington in 1874. (MB/Varnum, Jacob B. ; Quaife, Checagou, 165-66.) (blue index cards)

From the description of Jacob B. Varnum papers, 1813-1864 (Detroit Public Library). WorldCat record id: 663112153

Jacob Butler Varnum (1788-1874) was born in Dracut, Massachusetts, to Mary Butler and Joseph Bradley Varnum (c.1751-1821), senator from Massachusetts. Between 1811 and 1812, Varnum served as a factor (trade agent) at the United States Indian trading post at Sandusky, Ohio. After the outbreak of the War of 1812, Varnum returned east, and was appointed captain of the 40th Massachusetts regiment (1813-1814). Captain Bradley appointed Varnum as Matthew Irwin's replacement as factor for the Chicago Trading House in the North Western Territory, an office he held from 1816 to 1822. While in Chicago, Varnum witnessed the 1821 Treaty of Chicago signed by Lewis Cass and Solomon Sibley representing the United States, and the Ottawa, Ojibwe, and Pottawattamie tribes. In 1816, Varnum married Mary Ann Aiken of Detroit. She died during childbirth in 1817, while living with her husband in Chicago. Next he married Detroit native Catherine Dodemead (b.1800) in 1819. Varnum left government service in 1822, and moved to Washington D.C. where he made a living as a merchant. By 1833, he and his wife had moved to Petersburg, Virginia. At the time of his death in 1874, only his son, George W. Varnum, survived him.

From the guide to the Jacob Butler Varnum papers, Varnum, Jacob Butler papers, 1811-1888, 1811-1833, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Varnum, Jacob Butler, 1788-1874. Jacob Butler Varnum papers, 1811-1888, bulk 1811-1833. William L. Clements Library
creatorOf Varnum, Jacob Butler, 1788-1874. Jacob B. Varnum papers, 1813-1864 Detroit Public Library, Detroit Main Library
referencedIn Varnum family papers, 1788-1935 Detroit Public Library, Detroit Main Library
creatorOf Varnum, Jacob Butler, 1788-1874. Journal, 1864. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Jacob Butler Varnum papers, Varnum, Jacob Butler papers, 1811-1888, 1811-1833 William L. Clements Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, John R. person
associatedWith Adams, John R. person
associatedWith Biddle, John, 1789-1859. person
associatedWith Biddle, John, 1792-1859 person
associatedWith Bradley, Hezekiah. person
associatedWith Bradley, Hezekiah, d. 1826 person
associatedWith Brown, William. person
associatedWith Brown, William. person
associatedWith Cutts, Richard, 1771-1845. person
associatedWith Cutts, Richard, 1771-1857 person
associatedWith Dias, Joseph Lopes. person
associatedWith Dias, Joseph Lopes. person
associatedWith Dousman, Michael. person
associatedWith Dousman, Michael. person
associatedWith Egerton, Robert C. person
associatedWith Egerton, Robert C. person
associatedWith Forster, Thomas. person
associatedWith Forster, Thomas. person
associatedWith Graham, George, 1770-1830. person
associatedWith Graham, George, ca. 1772-1830 person
associatedWith Irwin, Matthew. person
associatedWith Joy, James F. (James Frederick), 1810-1896. person
associatedWith Kinzie, John Harris, 1803-1865. person
associatedWith Kinzie, John H., d. 1865 person
associatedWith Mason, John, 1766-1849. person
associatedWith McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859. person
associatedWith Peters, George P. person
associatedWith Peters, George P. person
associatedWith Pleasonton, Stephen, d. 1855. person
associatedWith Smyth, Richard. person
associatedWith Smyth, Richard. person
associatedWith Trowbridge, C. C. (Charles Christopher), 1800-1883. person
associatedWith Varnum, George W. person
associatedWith Varnum, Joseph B. (Joseph Bradley), 1751-1821. person
associatedWith Varnum, Joseph Bradley, Jr., 1785-1867. person
associatedWith Wheeler, John. person
associatedWith Wheeler, John. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Sandusky (Ohio)
United States
Fort Dearborn (Ill.)
Chicago (Ill.)
Washington (D.C.)
Fort Michilimackinac (Mackinaw City, Mich.)
Fort Michilimackinac (Mich.)
New York
Sandusky (Ohio) .
North America
Dracut (Mass.)
North America
Fort Dearborn (Ill.)
Sandusky (Ohio)
United States
Washington (D.C.)
United States
United States
Michigan
Chicago (Ill.)
Subject
Munsee Indians--History
Trading posts--North America
Wyandot Indians--History
Indians of North America--Michigan
Ottawa Indians--History
Indians of North America--Illinois
Indians of North America--Ohio
Trading Posts
Ojibwa Indians--History
Indians of North America--Commerce
Soldiers
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1788

Death 1874

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