Pólya, George, 1887-

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Hungarian mathematician George Pólya was educated at the University of Budapest and the University of Paris, and taught at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich from 1914 to 1940. His students included future Stanford physics professors Felix Bloch and Hans Staub. In 1942 he joined Stanford's Department of Mathematics, whose chairman, Gábor Szegö, had been a fellow student in Hungary. He continued to teach until his 90th birthday in 1977. Following early research on probability, Pólya turned to the difficult area of the theory of functions of a Complex Variables. He was also interested in geometry and geometrical methods. His study of symmetry in the plane was studied and applied by the Dutch artist M.C. Escher. Pólya's later work on the principles of heuristics and problem solving is credited with providing a foundation for the application of computers to artificial intelligence. In addition to his own research and teaching, Pólya was concerned with methods of teaching mathematics and mathematics teachers. He is considered the father of the current trend toward emphasizing problem solving in mathematical teaching. His very successful book How to Solve It has been translated into fifteen languages and is still used widely. He died in 1985.

From the guide to the George Pólya papers, 1884-1985, (Department of Special Collections and University Archives)

Archival Resources
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creatorOf George Pólya papers, 1884-1985 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
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Relation Name
associatedWith Alexanderson, Gerald L. person
associatedWith Beke, Manó, 1862-1946 person
associatedWith Bernays, Paul, 1888- person
associatedWith Bieberbach, Ludwig, 1886- person
associatedWith Bohr, Harold, 1887-1951 person
associatedWith Borel, Émile, 1871-1956 person
associatedWith Brentano, Franz Clemens, 1838-1917 person
associatedWith Carathéodory, Constantin, 1873-1950 person
associatedWith De Finetti, Bruno. person
associatedWith Edrei, Albert. person
associatedWith Fejér, Lipót. person
associatedWith Fekete, Mihaly, 1886-1957 person
associatedWith Frege, Gottlob, 1848-1925 person
associatedWith Haar, Alfréd, 1885-1933 person
associatedWith Hadamard, Jacques, 1865-1963 person
associatedWith Hadwiger, Hugo. person
associatedWith Harary, Frank. person
associatedWith Hardy, G. H. (Godfrey Harold), 1877-1947 person
associatedWith Hecke, Erich, 1887-1947 person
associatedWith Hensel, Kurt, 1861-1941 person
associatedWith Higgins, Thomas James. person
associatedWith Hilbert, David, 1862-1943 person
associatedWith Hille, Einar, 1894- person
associatedWith Hirsch, Arthur, 1866-1948 person
associatedWith Hurwitz, Adolf, 1859-1919 person
associatedWith Jentzsch, Robert, 1890- person
associatedWith Kamke, E. (Erich), 1890-1961 person
associatedWith Keszthelyi, Tibor, Dr. person
associatedWith Kiefer, Albert, 1884- person
associatedWith Knuth, Donald Ervin, 1938- person
associatedWith Kollros, Louis, 1878- person
associatedWith Landau, Edmund, 1877-1938 person
associatedWith Lehmer, D. H. (Derrick Henry), 1905- person
associatedWith Littlewood, John E. (John Edensor), 1885-1977 person
associatedWith Mittag-Leffler, Magnus Gustaf, 1846-1927 person
associatedWith Montel, Paul, b. 1876 person
associatedWith Nevanlinna, Rolf, 1895-1980 person
associatedWith Norlund, Niels Erik, 1885- person
associatedWith Ostrowski, A. M. (Alexander M.), 1893- person
associatedWith Pfluger, Albert, 1907- person
associatedWith Prather, Carl. person
associatedWith Pringsheim, Alfred, 1850-1941 person
associatedWith Riesz, Frigyes, 1880-1956 person
associatedWith Runge, Carl, 1856-1927 person
associatedWith Schlesinger, Ludwig, b. 1864 person
associatedWith Schoenberg, I. J. person
associatedWith Schur, Issai, 1875-1941 person
associatedWith Siegel, Carl Ludwig, 1896- person
associatedWith Sierpiński, Wacław, 1882-1969 person
associatedWith Sommerfeld, Arnold, 1868-1951 person
associatedWith Stáckel, Paul, 1862-1919 person
associatedWith Stanford University. Dept. of Mathematics corporateBody
associatedWith Stern, Alfred. person
associatedWith Szász, Otto, 1884-1952 person
associatedWith Szegö, Gábor, 1895-1985 person
associatedWith Tietze, Heinrich, 1880- person
associatedWith Toeplitz, Otto, 1881-1940 person
associatedWith von Pidoll, Max. person
associatedWith Weyl, Hermann, 1885-1955 person
associatedWith Wigner, Eugene Paul, 1902-1995 person
associatedWith Wirtinger, Wilhelm, 1865-1945 person
associatedWith Young, Grace Chisolm. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Mathematics--Study and teaching
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1887

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