United States. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms

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The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms licenses U.S. wineries for operation and regulates the labeling of foreign and domestic wine and spirits.

From the description of Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms wine label applications, 1920-1947. (University of California, Davis). WorldCat record id: 277726828

Historically, the United States Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) has been a tax-collecting, enforcement and regulatory arm of the U.S. Department of the Treasury. Its duties related to alcohol included: approving labels and monitoring advertising; regulating labeling, marking, packaging, and branding of all domestic distilled spirits, wine and beer sold in the United States, and regulating production in the United States and the importations of all alcohol beverages, including distilled spirits, malt beverages, and wine. When the National Prohibition Act was passed, the Secretary of the Treasury created a new branch of the Bureau of Internal Revenue Service known as the Prohibition Unit. This unit was charged with the enforcement of the new law and the existing divisions of the Bureau of Internal Revenue dealing with the control of narcotics and industrial alcohol were transferred to it. On April 1, 1927, the Treasury moved the Prohibition Unit to bureau status within the department. On July 1, 1930 Congress transferred the penal provisions of the National Prohibition Act from the Treasury's Bureau of Prohibition to the Department of Justice's new Bureau of Prohibition. However, tax-related and regulatory activities remained at the Treasury, under a new Bureau of Industrial Alcohol. After the Twenty-first Amendment to the Constitution, repealing Prohibition, was ratified in December 1933, President Franklin Roosevelt established the Federal Alcohol Control Administration (FACA) by executive order under the National Industrial Recovery Act. In August 1935, President Roosevelt signed the Federal Alcohol Administration (FAA) Act which replaced the FACA. The new FAA was assigned to the Treasury. On March 10, 1934 the Justice's Prohibition enforcement duties moved into the Alcohol Tax Unit (ATU), Bureau of Internal Revenue, Department of the Treasury. In 1940 the FAA as an Administration merged with the ATU.

From the description of Collection of United States Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms Records on California wineries, 1920-1950. (University of California, Davis). WorldCat record id: 55882352

Administrative History

Brief History of the United States Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, 1920-1950

Historically, the United States Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) has been a tax-collecting, enforcement and regulatory arm of the U.S. Department of the Treasury. Its duties related to alcohol included: approving labels and monitoring advertising; regulating labeling, marking, packaging, and branding of all domestic distilled spirits, wine and beer sold in the United States, and regulating production in the United States and the importations of all alcohol beverages, including distilled spirits, malt beverages, and wine.

When the National Prohibition Act was passed, the Secretary of the Treasury created a new branch of the Bureau of Internal Revenue Service known as the Prohibition Unit. This unit was charged with the enforcement of the new law and the existing divisions of the Bureau of Internal Revenue dealing with the control of narcotics and industrial alcohol were transferred to it. On April 1, 1927, the Treasury moved the Prohibition Unit to bureau status within the department. On July 1, 1930 Congress transferred the penal provisions of the National Prohibition Act from the Treasury's Bureau of Prohibition to the Department of Justice's new Bureau of Prohibition. However, tax-related and regulatory activities remained at the Treasury, under a new Bureau of Industrial Alcohol.

After the Twenty-first Amendment to the Constitution, repealing Prohibition, was ratified in December 1933, President Franklin Roosevelt established the Federal Alcohol Control Administration (FACA) by executive order under the National Industrial Recovery Act. In August 1935, President Roosevelt signed the Federal Alcohol Administration (FAA) Act which replaced the FACA. The new FAA was assigned to the Treasury.

On March 10, 1934 the Justice's Prohibition enforcement duties moved into the Alcohol Tax Unit (ATU), Bureau of Internal Revenue, Department of the Treasury. In 1940 the FAA as an Administration merged with the ATU.

Sources:

A Historical Guide to the U.S. Government. Edited by George Thomas Kurian. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Schmeckebier, Laurence Frederick. The Bureau of Prohibition: Its History, Activities, and Organization. [New York, AMS Press, 1974].

From the guide to the Collection of United States Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms Records On California Wineries, 1920-1950, (University of California, Davis. General Library. Dept. of Special Collections.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf United States. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms. Collection of United States Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms Records on California wineries, 1920-1950. University of California, Davis, Shields Library
referencedIn Seagram Company, Ltd. Legal records 1909-1981, [bulk, 1932-1981]. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Kearins, Jack J. Jack J. Kearins collection, circa 1936-1990 (bulk 1940-1970). University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Regan, Donald T. Papers of Donald T. Regan, 1919-1993 (bulk 1981-1987). Library of Congress
referencedIn Seidenberg, Jacob. Jacob Seidenberg. Additional Arbitration case files 1961-1983. Cornell University Library
creatorOf United States. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms wine label applications, 1920-1947. University of California, Davis, Shields Library
creatorOf Collection of United States Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms Records On California Wineries, 1920-1950 University of California, Davis. General Library. . Dept. of Special Collections
referencedIn Greensboro Civil Rights Fund. Greensboro Civil Rights Fund records, 1971-1987. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Howard, Donald. Letter from Waco Videocassette, 1996 University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Regan, Donald T. Papers, 1919-1993 (bulk 1981-1987). Library of Congress
referencedIn RISM Vertical Files, Bulk, 1960-2000, Bulk, 1960-2000 1900-2004 New York University. Archives
referencedIn Donald T. Regan Papers, 1919-1993, (bulk 1981-1987) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Crosby, Henry. Henry Crosby papers, 1969-1976. University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, UWM Libraries
referencedIn Seidenberg, Jacob. Arbitration case files, 1961-1983. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
referencedIn Smith, William. (Waco) Branch Davidians : William Smith collection, 1984-1998 1993-1995. Baylor University Libraries, Moody Memorial Library
referencedIn Letter from Waco, Videocassette 98-084., 1996 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Crosby, Henry. person
associatedWith Greensboro Civil Rights Fund. corporateBody
associatedWith Howard, Donald person
associatedWith Howard, Donald person
associatedWith Kearins, Jack J. person
associatedWith Online Archive of California. corporateBody
associatedWith Regan, Donald T. person
associatedWith Seagram Company, Ltd. corporateBody
associatedWith Seidenberg, Jacob. person
associatedWith Seidenberg, Jacob. person
associatedWith Smith, William. person
associatedWith United States. Alcohol Tax Unit. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Bureau of Prohibition. corporateBody
associatedWith University of California, Davis. Library. Dept. of Special Collections. corporateBody
associatedWith University of California, Davis. Library. Dept. of Special Collections. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
California
Subject
Prohibition
Prohibition
Vintners
Vintners
Wine and wine making
Wine and wine making
Wine labels
Wineries
Wineries
Occupation
Activity

Corporate Body

Active 1920

Active 1950

Information

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