Finlay, Ian Hamilton

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Finlay, Ian Hamilton (1925-2006), Scottish sculptor, graphic artist and poet. Brought up in Scotland, he briefly attended Glasgow School of Art and first made his reputation as a writer, publishing short stories and plays in the 1950s. In 1961 he founded the Wild Hawthorn Press with Jessie McGuffie and within a few years had established himself internationally as Britain's foremost concrete poet. His publications also played an important role in the initial dissemination of his work as a visual artist. As a sculptor, he has worked collaboratively in a wide range of materials, having his designs executed as stone-carvings, as constructed objects and even in the form of neon lighting.

In 1966 Finlay and his wife, Sue, moved to the hillside farm of Stonypath, south-west of Edinburgh, and began to transform the surrounding acres into a unique garden, which he named Little Sparta. He revived the traditional notion of the poet's garden, arranging ponds, trees and vegetation to provide a responsive environment for sundials, inscriptions, columns and garden temples. As the proponent of a rigorous classicism and as the defender of Little Sparta against the intrusions of local bureaucracy, he insisted on the role of the artist as a moralist who comments sharply on cultural affairs. The esteem won by Finlay's artistic stance and style is attested by many important large-scale projects undertaken throughout the world. The ‘Sacred Grove', created between 1980 and 1982 at the heart of the Kröller-Müller Sculpture Park, Otterlo, is one of the most outstanding examples of Finlay's work outside Little Sparta.

From the guide to the Correspondence concerning the disputes between Ian Hamilton Finlay and the Fulrum and Coracle Presses, 1974-1979, (Tate Gallery Archive GB 70)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Papers of Harold Stanley 'Jim' Ede, c 1909-1990 Cambridge University: Kettle's Yard Museum and Art Gallery
referencedIn Ronald Johnson papers, 1954-1993 University of Kansas Kenneth Spencer Research Library Department of Special Collections
creatorOf Correspondence concerning the disputes between Ian Hamilton Finlay and the Fulrum and Coracle Presses, 1974-1979 Tate Gallery Archive GB 70
creatorOf Finlay, Ian Hamilton, 1925-. Ian Hamilton Finlay : vertical file. Toledo Museum of Art
referencedIn Cummings, E. E. (Edward Estlin), 1894-1962. Additional papers, 1917-1962 and undated. Houghton Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Cummings, E. E. (Edward Estlin), 1894-1962 person
associatedWith Finlay, Ian Hamilton. person
associatedWith Hamilton, Ian Finlay., 1925-2006 person
associatedWith Harold Stanley 'Jim' Ede person
associatedWith Johnson, Ronald, 1935-1998 person
associatedWith MacDonald-Lockhart, Sue person
associatedWith University of Cambridge, Kettle's Yard corporateBody
associatedWith Wild Hawthorn Press corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Stonypath, Lanarkshire, Scotland
Sculpture, Scottish


Birth 1925-10-28

Death 2006-03-27





Ark ID: w68k8rnt

SNAC ID: 17303464