Wynner, Edith.

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Edith Wynner was born Edith Weiner on December 22, 1915 in Budapest, Hungary to Frieda Herskovics and Robert Weiner. Her father, a jeweler, left Hungary at the end of World War I for the United States and anglicized the family surname to Wynner; Edith, her mother, and brother, Albert, followed in 1923. Because of her family's travels, including extended visits to family in Czechoslovakia, Wynner was fluent in Hungarian, German, English, Slovak, and French from a young age. The Wynners settled in Chicago, Illinois, where Edith graduated from Theodore Roosevelt High School and was first introduced to Mme. Rosika Schwimmer.

Wynner moved to New York City after high school with the intention of attending Hunter College; however, the effects of the Great Depression forced her to find full-time employment at 19 years old. Because of her language skills and interest in activism, she became secretary to Rosika Schwimmer in 1934. Wynner became closely involved in the issues Schwimmer advocated for, and Schwimmer pushed her to begin delivering small lectures and publishing her writing. In addition to working as Schwimmer's personal secretary, Wynner served as National Secretary of the Griffin-O'Day Bill Committee from 1934 to 1936, and from 1937 to 1941 as New York Secretary and delegate of the Campaign for World Government-which were headed by Schwimmer and her longtime associate, Lola Maverick Lloyd.

From 1943 to 1944, Wynner and Lloyd's daughter, Georgia Lloyd, researched and wrote Searchlight on Peace Plans: Choose Your Road to World Government, examining peace plans over five centuries in history. Edith Wynner and Georgia Lloyd went on a speaking tour for the book through 1946, which included some international destinations. In 1947, Wynner sailed to England and worked as secretary to Henry Usborne, M.P. and co-founder of the Parliamentary Group for World Government. With Usborne, she attended the 1947 Conference of the World Movement for World Federal Government, and was elected Vice President of the Conference.

Following Rosika Schwimmer's death in 1948, Wynner became Consultant to the Schwimmer-Lloyd collection at the New York Public Library. With Franciska Schwimmer, until her death in 1962, Wynner oversaw all aspects of the collection's administration, including processing, description, access restrictions, reference requests, and preservation. She actively worked to build the collection, securing the papers of Lola Maverick Lloyd's children and meticulously collecting books and printed material on the subjects covered in the collection. Wynner remained the Schwimmer-Lloyd Consultant for many decades, until her illness in the late 1990s.

Wynner continued writing about the need for world peace through world government throughout her life, publishing World Federal Government: Why? What? How? In Maximum Terms in 1954. She regularly engaged in written debate about how best to achieve disarmament and improve the United Nations, with her letters to the editor and essays appeared in publications such as The New York Times, The Wilson Quarterly, and World Peace News . Wynner delivered testimony to Senate and United Nations charter hearings from the 1950s through the 1970s, though she scaled back participation in world government organizations in favor of her research. Wynner's fervor for disarmament and world peace gave her written work a tone that she recognized as unvarnished and biting. She published reviews and essays into the 1990s, often taking to task historians and authors who she felt misrepresented the work of Rosika Schwimmer and the Campaign for World Government.

While working with the Schwimmer-Lloyd collection, Wynner labored on a historical biography she hoped to complete about Rosika Schwimmer's life. Her work on The Life and Times of Rosika Schwimmer spanned over 50 years, but never saw completion.

Edith Wynner died in 2003.

From the guide to the Edith Wynner papers, circa 1890-1999, 1947-1990, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

The American Movement for World Government (AMWG), a not-for-profit organization incorporated in 1954, was founded by William H.D. Cox, Jr. to promote the establishment of federal world government as a necessary condition for world peace and security. Its methods have centered on educational programs, media campaigns, distribution of literature, and contact with groups such as the World Federalists Association and others working for related global interests, including nuclear disarmament, United Nations reform, and human rights. Notable supporters represented in the papers include Isaac Asimov, Ed Asner, Ellsworth T. Carrington, Carl Sagan and Edith Wynner. Carmel Kussman, a psychotherapist, was a board member and officer of the AMWG.

From the guide to the American Movement for World Government records, ca. 1953-1987, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn William Bross Lloyd, Jr. papers, 1912-1991, 1960-1983 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Georgia Lloyd papers, 1915-1994, 1930-1990 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Campaign for World Government. Records of the Chicago office, 1937-1995 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Jessie Lloyd O'Connor papers, 1909-1983 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Frieda Langer Lazarus papers, 1927-1950 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Edith Wynner papers, circa 1890-1999, 1947-1990 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Lola Maverick Lloyd papers, 1856-1949 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Rudolph Philipp papers on Raoul Wallenberg, 1933-1947 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Rosika Schwimmer papers, 1890-1983, 1904-1948 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Rebecca Shelley Papers, 1890-1984 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf American Movement for World Government records, ca. 1953-1987 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Movement for World Government corporateBody
associatedWith Asimov, Isaac, 1920-1992 person
associatedWith Asner, Edward person
associatedWith Campaign for World Government (Organization) corporateBody
associatedWith Carrington, Ellsworth T person
associatedWith Cox, William H. D person
associatedWith Henry Ford Peace Expedition, 1915-1916 corporateBody
associatedWith Kenney, William W person
associatedWith Kussman, Carmel person
associatedWith Lazarus, Frieda Langer person
associatedWith Lloyd, Georgia, 1913- person
associatedWith Lloyd, Lola Maverick, 1875-1944 person
associatedWith Lloyd, William Bross, 1875-1946 person
associatedWith O'Connor, Jessie Lloyd, 1904- person
associatedWith Philipp, Rudolph person
associatedWith Sagan, Carl, 1934-1996 person
associatedWith Schwimmer, Franciska person
associatedWith Schwimmer-Lloyd collection corporateBody
associatedWith Schwimmer, Rosika, 1877-1948 person
associatedWith Shelley, Rebecca, 1887-1984 person
associatedWith United Nations corporateBody
associatedWith World Federalist Association (U.S.) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Hungary
Subject
Feminists--United States
Anti-nuclear movement
Occupation
Function

Person

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