United States. President (1913-1921 : Wilson)

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"Extension was formalized in 1914, with the Smith-Lever Act... It established the partnership between the agricultural colleges and the U.S. Department of Agriculture to provide for cooperative agricultural extension work." -- "History." USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. http://www.csrees.usda.gov/qlinks/extension.html (Retrieved March 2, 2010)

Woodrow Wilson regarded himself as the personal representative of the people. "No one but the President," he said, "seems to be expected ... to look out for the general interests of the country." He developed a program of progressive reform and asserted international leadership in building a new world order. In 1917 he proclaimed American entrance into World War I a crusade to make the world "safe for democracy." Wilson had seen the frightfulness of war. He was born in Virginia in 1856, the son of a Presbyterian minister who during the Civil War was a pastor in Augusta, Georgia, and during Reconstruction a professor in the charred city of Columbia, South Carolina. After graduation from Princeton (then the College of New Jersey) and the University of Virginia Law School, Wilson earned his doctorate at Johns Hopkins University and entered upon an academic career. In 1885 he married Ellen Louise Axson. Wilson advanced rapidly as a conservative young professor of political science and became president of Princeton in 1902. His growing national reputation led some conservative Democrats to consider him Presidential timber. First they persuaded him to run for Governor of New Jersey in 1910. In the campaign he asserted his independence of the conservatives and of the machine that had nominated him, endorsing a progressive platform, which he pursued as governor. He was nominated for President at the 1912 Democratic Convention and campaigned on a program called the New Freedom, which stressed individualism and states' rights. In the three-way election he received only 42 percent of the popular vote but an overwhelming electoral vote. Wilson maneuvered through Congress three major pieces of legislation. The first was a lower tariff, the Underwood Act; attached to the measure was a graduated Federal income tax. The passage of the Federal Reserve Act provided the Nation with the more elastic money supply it badly needed. In 1914 antitrust legislation established a Federal Trade Commission to prohibit unfair business practices. After the Germans signed the Armistice in November 1918, Wilson went to Paris to try to build an enduring peace. He later presented to the Senate the Versailles Treaty, containing the Covenant of the League of Nations, and asked, "Dare we reject it and break the heart of the world?" But the election of 1918 had shifted the balance in Congress to the Republicans. By seven votes the Versailles Treaty failed in the Senate. The President, against the warnings of his doctors, had made a national tour to mobilize public sentiment for the treaty. Exhausted, he suffered a stroke and nearly died. Tenderly nursed by his second wife, Edith Bolling Galt, he lived until 1924. -- Biography of Woodrow Wilson http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/woodrowwilson (Retrieved March 30, 2009)

"Hoke Smith, a trial attorney and publisher of the Atlanta Journal, was most influential as the leader of Georgia's Progressive movement during his years as governor (1907-9, 1911) and as a U.S. senator (1911-21)." - "Hoke Smith." New Georgia Encyclopedia. http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org (Retrieved September 3, 2008)

From the description of Pen used to sign the Smith-Lever Bill, 1914. (University of Georgia). WorldCat record id: 591159298

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924. Letter, 1916 September 30. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn New York State Defense Council. Correspondence files, 1917-1918. New York State Archives
creatorOf Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924. [Washington (D.C.) broadside collection 1868-1983?]. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Kirkpatrick, Orion E. (Orion Ephraim), b. 1863. Papers, 1920-1936. Idaho State Archives, Idaho State Historical Society
creatorOf Utah. Governor (1909-1916 : Spry). Joseph Hillstrom correspondence, 1914-1916. Utah. Division of Archives and Records Service
creatorOf United States. President (1913-1921 : Wilson). [Addresses etc., on the European war]. Yale University Library
creatorOf United States. President (1913-1921 : Wilson). [Letter] 1915 December 29, Hot Springs, Va. [to] Bishop Samuel Fallows, Chicago / Woodrow Wilson. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
creatorOf United States. President (1913-1921 : Wilson). [Collection of proclamations and executive orders issued by Woodrow Wilson during his career as President of the United States]. William L. Clements Library
creatorOf United States Railroad Administration. [United States Railroad Administration publications]. Harvard Business School, Knowledge and Library Services/Baker Library
creatorOf United States. President (1913-1921 : Wilson). Pen used to sign the Smith-Lever Bill, 1914.
creatorOf Putnam, George Haven, 1844-1930. Letter : to President Wilson, 1916 Oct. 21. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn James, Ollie M. (Ollie Murray), 1871-1918. Ollie Murray James papers, 1912-1916. University of Kentucky Libraries
creatorOf Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924. Letter, 1912 January 3. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Mosby, Beverly Clarke. Papers, 1858-1918. Eastern Washington University, JFK Library
creatorOf United States. President (1913-1921 : Wilson). [Message of the President on the liberty loan of 1918?] Princeton University Library
creatorOf Johnston, Joseph F. (Joseph Forney), 1843-1913. Papers, 1847-1926. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1850-1924. Lodge-Roosevelt correspondence, 1884-1924. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn James, Ollie M. (Ollie Murray), 1871-1918. Ollie Murray James papers, 1909-1918. University of Kentucky Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Fallows, Samuel, Bp., 1835-1922. person
associatedWith Georgia State College of Agriculture. corporateBody
associatedWith James, Ollie M. (Ollie Murray), 1871-1918. person
associatedWith Johnston, Joseph F. (Joseph Forney), 1843-1913. person
associatedWith Kirkpatrick, Orion E. (Orion Ephraim), b. 1863. person
correspondedWith Mosby, Beverly Clarke. person
associatedWith New York State Defense Council. corporateBody
associatedWith Putnam, George Haven, 1844-1930. person
associatedWith Smith, Hoke, 1855-1931. person
associatedWith United States Railroad Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith Utah. Governor (1909-1916 : Spry) corporateBody
associatedWith Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
Agricultural extension work
World War, 1914-1918

Corporate Body


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