Richards, William Trost, 1833-1905

Alternative names

Hide Profile

William Trost Richards (1833-1905) was a marine and landscape painter in Newport, R.I. and Germantown, Pa.

From the description of William Trost Richards exhibition list and photograph, 1914. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 710020348

Marine artist.

From the description of Letters : Germantown, Pa., Newport, R.I., to Samuel Sartain, 1865 Sept. 5, 1898 May 29, 1904 Dec. 5, and 1905 Feb. 18. (Bryn Mawr College). WorldCat record id: 28489765

From the description of Letters : Germantown, Pa., and Newport, R.I., to John Sartain, 1860 Nov. 12, 1890 Nov. 29, and undated. (Bryn Mawr College). WorldCat record id: 28489410

Marine and landscape painter; Newport, R.I. and Germantown, Pa.

From the description of William Trost Richards papers, 1848-1920. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81848197

William Trost Richards was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1833. From 1850 to 1858 he worked as a designer and illustrator of ornamental metalwork, and briefly studied draughtsmanship and painting with the German artist Paul Weber. Richards was also an active member of the Forensic and Literary Circle of Philadelphia during the early 1850s. In 1852 he had his first exhibition at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts and a year later was elected a full Academician. He had great interest in landscapes and geological subjects, and spent summers sketching in the Catskills and Adirondacks. From 1855 to 1856 Richards toured Europe with William Stanley Haseltine and Alexander Lawrie, and was influenced by the Dusseldorf school of landscape painters.

Richards married aspiring poetess Anna Matlack in 1856, and they settled in Germantown, Pennsylvania, where they had eight children, five of which survived to adulthood. In 1858 he attended an exhibition of British art in Philadelphia, and was greatly influenced by the works of Pre-Raphaelite painters. He began painting outdoors, executing precise, naturalistic, yet atmospheric, landscapes. In 1862 he joined the National Academy of Design, and in 1863 joined the Society for the Advancement of Truth in Art, an American Pre-Raphaelite organization. From 1868 to 1874, Richards spent summers on the East Coast and began focusing on marine subjects painted in watercolor, exhibiting often with the American Watercolor Society. Richards also traveled to Europe several times, and lived there from 1879-1880 while trying to find a new direction for his artwork. In 1881 he built a summer house for his family in Newport, Rhode Island and moved there permanently in 1890. His wife Anna died in 1900, and he continued to paint landscapes and seascapes until his death in 1905.

From the guide to the William Trost Richards papers, 1848-1920, (Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Library Company of Philadelphia. Print Dept. Library Company of Philadelphia Print Dept. photograph collection, [ca. 1850]-1890. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Adelman, Seymour, 1906-. Selections from the Seymour Adelman collection, 1845-1958. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Richards, William Trost, 1833-1905. William Trost Richards exhibition list and photograph, 1914. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Brewster, Anna Richards, 1870-1952. Anna Richards Brewster papers, 1887-1964. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Smith, Mary, 1842-1878. Mary, Xanthus, and Russell Smith family papers, 1793-1977, bulk 1826-1977. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Smith family (Philadelphia, Pa.). Mary, Xanthus, and Russell Smith family papers, 1793-1977, bulk 1826-1977. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Richards, William Trost, 1833-1905. Letters : Germantown, Pa., and Newport, R.I., to John Sartain, 1860 Nov. 12, 1890 Nov. 29, and undated. Bryn Mawr College, Mariam Coffin Canaday Library
creatorOf Richards, William Trost, 1833-1905. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
creatorOf Whitney, George, d. 1885. George Whitney papers relating to William Trost Richards, 1875-1889. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf William Trost Richards papers, 1848-1920 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
creatorOf Biesel family. Biesel family papers, 1859-1983, (bulk 1915-1983). Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Whitney, George, d. 1885. Papers relating to the sale of George Whitney's art collection. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Richards, William Trost, 1833-1905. [Marine painting] [art original]. Denver Public Library, Central Library
referencedIn Avery, Samuel Putnam, 1822-1904. Diaries, 1871-1882. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Weitenkampf, Frank, 1866-1962. Frank Weitenkampf letters, 1889-1942. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf RICHARDS, WILLIAM TROST. Artist file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)
referencedIn John Dixon Johnston Architectural Plans, Johnston (John Dixon) Architectural Plans, approximately 1900-1920, undated Newport Historical Society
creatorOf Gill, James Dwyer, 1849-1937. James D. Gill letters from artists, 1884-1887. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Library Company of Philadelphia. Print Dept. Library Company of Philadelphia Print Dept. photograph collection, [ca. 1850]-1890. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Selected art related letters from Historical Society of Pennsylvania's Society Collection, 1760-1935. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Peridot-Washburn Gallery. Exhibitions, 1971-1972. Frick Art Reference Library
referencedIn Whitney, George, d. 1885. George Whitney letters to Henry Hill Collins regarding William Trost Richards, 1880. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Richards, William Trost, 1833-1905. William Trost Richards papers, 1848-1920. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Richards, William Trost, 1833-1905. Letters : Germantown, Pa., Newport, R.I., to Samuel Sartain, 1865 Sept. 5, 1898 May 29, 1904 Dec. 5, and 1905 Feb. 18. Bryn Mawr College, Mariam Coffin Canaday Library
creatorOf Richards, William Trost, 1833-1905. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
referencedIn William Trost Richards [graphic]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Richards, William Trost, 1833-1905 : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Hart, Charles Henry, 1847-1918. Letters to Charles Henry Hart from artists, 1863-1915. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Cadbury, Richard Tapper, 1853-1929. Papers, 1799-1924. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
creatorOf Smith family (Philadelphia, Pa.). Mary, Xanthus, and Russell Smith family papers, 1826-1954. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Richards, William Trost, 1833-1905. William Trost Richards letter to George : London : ALS, 1899 Mar. 22. UC Berkeley Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Adelman, Seymour, 1906- person
associatedWith Artists' Fund Society of Philadelphia. corporateBody
associatedWith Avery, Samuel Putnam, 1822-1904. person
associatedWith Biesel family. family
associatedWith Brewster, Anna Richards, 1870-1952. person
associatedWith Cadbury, Richard Tapper, 1853-1929. person
associatedWith Coates, Edward Hornor, 1846-1921. person
associatedWith Eakins, Thomas, 1844-1916. person
associatedWith Gill, James Dwyer, 1849-1937. person
associatedWith Grabhorn, Edwin E. person
associatedWith Hart, Charles Henry, 1847-1918. person
associatedWith Historical Society of Pennsylvania. corporateBody
associatedWith Johnston, John Dixon person
associatedWith Lambdin, George Cochran, 1830-1896. person
associatedWith Lanman, Charles, 1819-1895. person
associatedWith Library Company of Philadelphia. Print Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Matlack, Anna. person
associatedWith Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. corporateBody
associatedWith Peridot-Washburn Gallery. corporateBody
associatedWith Sartain, John, 1808-1897. person
associatedWith Sartain, Samuel, 1830-1906. person
associatedWith Smith family (Philadelphia, Pa.) family
associatedWith Smith family (Philadelphia, Pa.) family
associatedWith Smith, Mary, 1842-1878. person
associatedWith Weitenkampf, Frank, 1866-1962. person
associatedWith Whitney, George, d. 1885. person
associatedWith Whitney, George, d. 1885. person
associatedWith Wilcox, William H. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Rhode Island
Rhode Island--Newport
Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania--Germantown
Subject
Marine painters
Landscape painting--19th century--Pennsylvania--Germantown
Marine painters--Rhode Island--Newport
Landscape painting--19th century
Marine painting--19th century
Landscape painters
Marine painting--19th century--Rhode Island--Newport
Landscape painters--Pennsylvania--Germantown
Painters
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1833-11-14

Death 1905-11

Americans

English

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66m3r6t

Ark ID: w66m3r6t

SNAC ID: 15667602