Martin, Joseph W. (Joseph William), 1884-1968

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Joseph William Martin Jr. (November 3, 1884 – March 6, 1968) was an American politician who served as the 44th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1947 to 1949 and 1953 to 1955; he represented the district covering North Attleborough, Massachusetts. He was the only Republican to serve as Speaker in a sixty-four year period from 1931 to 1995. He was a "compassionate conservative" who opposed the New Deal and supported the conservative coalition of Republicans and southern Democrats, especially on opposing labor unions.

Early in his career, Martin worked as a newspaper editor and served in both houses of the Massachusetts General Court. He won election to the United States House of Representatives in 1924. He was elected House Minority Leader after the 1938 elections and continued to hold the lead House Republican position (either Speaker or House Minority Leader) until 1959. He also served as Chairman of the Republican National Committee from 1940 to 1942 at the behest of Wendell Willkie, the 1940 Republican presidential nominee. Martin presided over five Republican National Conventions and frequently became involved in presidential politics. He urged General Douglas MacArthur to seek the 1952 Republican presidential nomination, and supporters of Robert A. Taft accused Martin of favoring Dwight D. Eisenhower in Martin's role as chairman of the contentious 1952 Republican National Convention. After Eisenhower won the 1952 election, Martin supported Eisenhower's internationalist foreign policy outlook.

Martin lost his position as Republican leader after the party lost seats in the 1958 elections. He was succeeded by his more conservative deputy, Charles A. Halleck. Martin continued to serve in Congress until his defeat in the 1966 Republican primary by Margaret Heckler. Martin died in Hollywood, Florida in 1968.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
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creatorOf Rockefeller, Nelson A. (Nelson Aldrich), 1908-1979. Letter, 1964 Feb. 17, to Harold Putnam. New Hampshire Newsp Project
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 43, No. 88
referencedIn Columbia Pictures Corporation Collection. 1938 - 1941. Motion Picture Films. 1938 - 1941. INSIDE THE CAPITOL
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referencedIn Papers, 1854, 1881-1961 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
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referencedIn American Film Institute Collection. 1913 - 1960. Assorted Films. 1913 - 1960. Presidential Campaign of Wendell L. Willkie United States. National Archives and Records Administration
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referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Army Coverage of Inaugurations. 1949 - 1953. EISENHOWER INAUGURATION National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Blair Moody Papers, 1928-1954, 1934-1952 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Levis, Rosa Marie Finnochietti, 1878-1959. Papers, 1890-1959 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Francis Valentine Keesling Papers, 1906-1957 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [JAN. 12]
referencedIn Robert Barnes Papers, 1962-1964 East Carolina University, Joyner Library
referencedIn "March of Time" Collection. 1934 - 1951. "March of Time" Assorted Films. 1935 - 1953. Joint Session of the 79th Congress United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Records of the Office of War Information. 1926 - 1951. Motion Picture Films from "United News" Newsreels. 1942 - 1945. REPUBLICANS NOMINATE DEWEY [ETC.] United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Bert Lord papers, 1902-1939. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Richard Brown Scandrett papers, 1907-1966, 1907-1951 (bulk) Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
creatorOf Martin, Joseph W. (Joseph William), 1884-1968. Joseph W. Martin papers, 1938-1952. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Clare Boothe Luce Papers, 1862-1988, (bulk 1930-1987) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Joseph W. Martin, Jr. Papers Stonehill College
creatorOf McKay, Frank D., 1883-. Frank McKay papers, 1909-1965. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Joseph W. Martin papers, 1938-1952. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
creatorOf Joseph W. Martin papers, 1938-1952. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1890-1959 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Gale, Richard Pillsbury, 1900-1973. Richard Pillsbury Gale papers, 1935-1945. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [AUG. 25] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Robert Lee Sherrod Papers, 1910-1963 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
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creatorOf Engel, Albert J. (Albert Joseph), 1888-1959. Albert Joseph Engel papers, 1885-1960. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Dwight Eisenhower Inaugurated President National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Albert Joseph Engel Papers, 1885-1960 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn "March of Time" Collection. 1934 - 1951. March of Time Documentary/Newsreel Films Relating to U.S. History, Government, Politics, Culture, and International Affairs. 1935 - 1953. THE PRESIDENTIAL YEAR United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Barton, Bruce, 1886-1967. Papers, 1881-1967. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Hilles, Charles Dewey, 1867-1949. Charles Dewey Hilles papers, 1823-1955 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf McKay, Frank D., 1883-. Frank D. McKay papers, 1909-1965. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Production Library Audio Recordings. 1999 - 2005. PRESIDENT HARRY S. TRUMAN - SPECIAL SESSION OF CONGRESS
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS. [JULY 19]
referencedIn David Goldin Collection. 1932 - 1952. Audio Recordings of Radio Broadcasts of Speeches, Interviews, Combat Reports, Special Events, Public Affairs, and Entertainment for U.S. Troops. 1932 - 1952. REPUBLICAN RADIO RALLY
Relation Name
associatedWith Barnes, Robert. person
associatedWith Barton, Bruce, 1886-1967. person
associatedWith Bert, Lord 1869-1939. person
associatedWith Cleary, Owen J., 1900-1960 person
associatedWith EDITH NOURSE ROGERS, 1881-1960 person
associatedWith Engel, Albert J. (Albert Joseph), 1888-1959. person
associatedWith Francis Valentine Keesling person
associatedWith Gale, Richard Pillsbury, 1900-1973. person
associatedWith Gannett, Frank E. (Frank Ernest), 1876-1957 person
associatedWith Gannett, Frank E. (Frank Ernest), 1876-1957. person
correspondedWith Harvard Law School Forum corporateBody
associatedWith Hilles, Charles Dewey, 1867-1949. person
associatedWith Hudson, Manley Ottmer, 1886- person
associatedWith Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory corporateBody
associatedWith Joseph W. (Joseph William) Martin, 1884-1968. person
associatedWith Keenan, Joseph Berry, 1888-1954 person
associatedWith Keesling, Francis Valentine, b. 1877. person
associatedWith Kunze, Alfred M. person
associatedWith Levis, Rosa Marie Finnochietti, 1878-1959. person
correspondedWith Luce, Clare Boothe, 1903-1987. person
associatedWith Martin, Joseph W. (Joseph William), 1884-1968 person
associatedWith McKay, Frank D., 1883- person
associatedWith Moody, Blair, 1902-1954 person
associatedWith Rayburn, Sam, 1882-1961 person
associatedWith Reed, Daniel Alden, 1875-1959 person
associatedWith Reed, Daniel Alden, 1875-1959. person
associatedWith Richard Brown, Scandrett 1891-1969. person
associatedWith Rockefeller, Nelson A. (Nelson Aldrich), 1908-1979. person
associatedWith Rogers, Edith Nourse, 1881-1960. person
associatedWith Rosa Marie Levis, 1878-1959 person
associatedWith Rosengren, Roswell P., 1902-1988. person
associatedWith Scandrett, Richard Brown, 1891-1969. person
correspondedWith Scott, Hugh, 1900-1994. person
associatedWith Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Sherrod, Robert Lee, 1909- person
associatedWith St. George, Katharine Price Collier. person
associatedWith St. George, Katharine Price Collier. person
associatedWith Taber, John, 1880-1965 person
associatedWith Taber, John, 1880-1965. person
correspondedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
North Attleborough MA US
Hollywood FL US
Subject
Occupation
Newspaper Reporter
Speakers of the House, U.S. Congress
Newspaper publishers
Representatives U.S. Congress--Massachusetts
Newspaper editors
State Representative
Function

Person

Birth 1884-11-03

Death 1968-03-06

Male

Americans

English

Information

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