Schütze, Martin, 1866-1950

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Professor of Germanic Languages and Literature, University of Chicago, 1901-1932.

From the description of Papers, 1900-1950. (University of Chicago Library). WorldCat record id: 52246915

Martin Schütze (1867-1950) was educated in Germany and at the University of Pennsylvania where he received his Ph.D. in 1899. He was Instructor in German at Northwestern University from 1900 to 1901. From 1901 until his retirement in 1932 he taught in the Department of Germanic Languages and Literature at the University of Chicago. After his retirement he taught briefly (1934-1935) at the University of Wisconsin.

In the summer of 1901 he married Eva Lawrence Watson (1867-1935), painter and photographer, who became, with Alfred Stieglitz and others, one of the founders of the Photo-Secessionists, a movement to establish photography as an art form. She specialized in portraits, and her photographs in the Archives include studies of George Herbert Mead and his family, John Dewey and his wife and children, James Hayden Tufts, Elinor Castle Nef, and John U. Nef, Jr.

Like their friends the Meads, Deweys, and Tufts, Martin and Eva Schütze were close to the Hull House movement. Martin Schütze worked for the Progressive party in 1912, and they both supported Jane Addams in her efforts for peace. Eva Watson-Schütze photographed Jane Addams, and Ellen Gates Starr bound Martin Schütze's books.

In 1902 the Schützes were co-founders of an art colony in Woodstock, New York. Ellen Gates Starr was also among the colony's first members. Thereafter Eva Watson-Schütze spent about half of each year in Woodstock. Martin Schütze was active in establishing the Renaissance Society which Eva Watson-Schütze headed from 1931 until her death in 1935.

Martin Schütze's interests ranged broadly. His papers reflect his thinking about philosophy, art, literature, education, as well as his specialty, German literature and culture. He wrote poetry and poetic drama in addition to criticism.

From the guide to the Schütze, Martin. Papers, 1900-1950, (Special Collections Research Center University of Chicago Library 1100 East 57th Street Chicago, Illinois 60637 U.S.A.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Winkler collection, 1748-1854 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Hell, Theodor, 1775-1856. Winkler collection, 1748-1854. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Schütze, Martin, 1866-1950. Papers, 1900-1950. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Schütze, Martin. Papers, 1900-1950 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
referencedIn Hell, Theodor, 1775-1856. Winkler collection, 1748-1854. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 1749-1832 person
associatedWith Hell, Theodor, 1775-1856. person
associatedWith Hutchins, Robert Maynard, 1899-1977. person
associatedWith Schevill, Ferdinand, 1868-1954. person
associatedWith Schütze, Eva Watson, 1867-1935 person
associatedWith Twaddell, W. F. (William Freeman) person
associatedWith Watson-Schütze, Eva, 1867-1935. person
associatedWith Wilder, Thornton, 1897-1975. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
German Americans--Poetry


Birth 1866

Death 1950



Ark ID: w6j396wc

SNAC ID: 13732360