Nation of Islam (Chicago, Ill.)

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The Nation of Islam was founded in Detroit (Mosque No. 1) in the early 1930s. Elijah Muhammad, its spiritual and supreme leader, established the group's headquarters in Chicago (Mosque No. 2) with significant chapters in New York, Boston, Los Angeles and Philadelphia. Malcolm X, Muhammad's most famous disciple, helped build the Nation of Islam into a national membership organization, from which he resigned in 1964. After Muhammad's death in 1975, his son Warith Deen Muhammed (Wallace Muhammad) steered the organization closer to traditional Islamic beliefs and practices, and renamed it the World Community of al-Islam in the West, and later the American Muslim Mission. A dissident group led by Louis Farrakhan broke away from Muhammed in 1978, and reconstituted the Nation of Islam along the original teachings of Elijah Muhammad.

From the description of Nation of Islam collection, 1959-1976. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 239636286

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Farrakhan, Louis. Louis Farrakhan : file of clippings and miscellanea. Michigan State University Libraries, Main Library
referencedIn Balk, Alfred, 1930-2010. Alfred Balk papers, 1941-2010, bulk 1953-1993. Newberry Library
referencedIn The Malcolm X collection : papers, 1948-1965, 1961-1964 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
creatorOf Nation of Islam (Chicago, Ill.). Nation of Islam collection, 1959-1976. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Roxbury Action Program Collection MS 765., 1944-1975, 1966-1974 Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Muslim Mission. corporateBody
associatedWith Balk, Alfred, 1930-2010. person
associatedWith Elijah Muhammad, 1897-1975. person
associatedWith Farrakhan, Louis. person
associatedWith Muhammad, Warith Deen, 1933-2008. person
associatedWith Roxbury Action Program corporateBody
associatedWith World Community of al-Islam in the West. corporateBody
associatedWith X, Malcolm, 1925-1965 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Black muslims
African Americans--Religion

Corporate Body

Active 1959

Active 1976




Ark ID: w6s81f0g

SNAC ID: 13670931