Milnes, Robert Offley Ashburton Crewe-, 1858-1945, Marquess of Crewe, politician

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1883 assistant private secretary to the foreign secretary; 1885 entered House of Lords as Baron Houghton; 1886 lord-in-waiting to Queen Victoria; 1886-1887 Liberal whip; 1889 travelled to Egypt and published poetry; 1892-1895 Lord Lieutenant of Ireland; 1895 created earl of Crewe; 1905-1908 and 1915-1916 Lord President of the Council; 1908-1910 colonial secretary; 1908-1911 and 1912-1915 Lord Privy Seal; 1908-1916 leader of the House of Lords; 1910-1915 secretary of state for India; 1911 made marquess, earl of Madeley; 1912 Lord Lieutenant of the County of London; 1916 president of the Board of Education; 1917-1918 chairman of the London County Council; 1918-1944 chancellor of the University of Sheffield; 1922-1928 ambassador to France; 1931 secretary of state for war; 1936-1944 leader of the independent Liberals in the House of Lords.

Epithet: politician

Title: Marquess of Crewe

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000296.0x000079

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn CAMPBELL-BANNERMAN PAPERS. Vol. VIII (ff. 365). Correspondence of Sir H. Campbell-Bannerman with:-1. F[rancis] A[llston] Channing, M.P., Bart. 1906 [Baron Channing 1912]; 1892, 1899-1907. f. 1. 2. G[eorge] S[ydenham] Clarke, K.C.M.G. 1893 [Baron Syd..., 1892-1908 British Library
creatorOf MISCELLANY OF RESTORATION POEMS AND VERSE-SATIRES; circa 1655-1679. Copies. The collection consists of forty-one satirical and lyric poems dating mostly from the 1670s, of which some twenty-six are of established authorship. The great majority are by..., approximately 1655-1679 British Library
referencedIn KNIGHTLEY MANUSCIPTS. Vol. IV A (ff. 249). Letters and papers, mostly autograph, of peers, statesmen, men of letters, etc., arranged alphabetically; 1690 -1908. Included are three letters, in French, addressed to the Marquise du Châtelet (supplement..., 1690-1908 British Library
referencedIn Vol. CCCCXXVII (ff. 334). Jan.-2 July 1891.Sir Isaac Pitman, inventor of modern shorthand: Letter to W. E. Gladstone: 1891.includes:ff. 4, 30, 107, 294 Léon Séché, French writer: Letters to W. E. Gladstone: 1877-1892.: Fr. ff. 6, 109 Margot Asquith... British Library
referencedIn MARY GLADSTONE PAPERS. Vol. XX (ff. 338). Letters from:-(1) Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour 1922, Prime Minister, 1877-1923, supplementary to those in the Balfour Papers (viz. Add. MS. 49794), and including (f. 15) one (14 Jan. 1887) to He..., 1886-1926 British Library
referencedIn Vol. XVI (ff. 346). July-Nov. 1913.includes:f. 26 (copy) Field-Marshal Jan Christiaan Smuts, S African Prime Minister: Correspondence with Lord Gladstone: 1910-1928.f.239 Robert Offley Ashburton Crewe-Milnes, 2nd Baron Houghton; formerly Milnes; ... British Library
referencedIn Correspondence of Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst (1858-1944), as Viceroy of India 1910-16, with the Secretary of State for India. Copied from microfilm (ref: Or Mic 14138) of Hardinge Collection, vol 119, supplied by Cambridge Univ..., 1913 British Library
referencedIn Vol. IX (ff. 245). 1934-1941; followed (f. 229 sqq.) by memorial notices of Spender, 1942, and (f. 245) by a letter, 15 May 1944, from Stewart Nicholson, Secretary of the Institute of Journalists, to Henry Archibald Taylor, formerly President of the ..., 1934-1944 British Library
referencedIn Vol. XXI (ff. 295). Nov. 1909-March 1911.includes:f. 1 Henry George Percy, 7th Duke of Northumberland: Letter to J. Burns: 1909.f. 3 H. F. Keene, of the London County Council: Letter to J. Burns: 1909.f. 4 James Edward Hubert Gascoyne-Cecil, Vi... British Library
referencedIn Vol. CXXXVII, 1920-June 1922.includes:ff. 1, 3 Henry Neville Gladstone, Baron Gladstone of Hawarden: Letters to his brother, Herbert: 1920, 1929. f. 2 Reverend Stephen Edward Gladstone, son of W E Gladstone: Telegram to H. H. Asquith: 1920.: Draft. ... British Library
referencedIn Personal and official papers of Sir Guy Fleetwood Wilson, Finance Member Governor-General s Council 1908-13; Acting Viceroy 1912, 1908-1936 British Library
referencedIn Personal and semi-official papers of the 1st Marquess of Reading, Viceroy of India 1921-26, 1888-1936 British Library
creatorOf Vol. CCXLIII (ff. 205+134*). May-Aug. 1921.includes:f. 1 Harry Fowler: Letter to, from Marie Stopes: 1921: Copy.f. 3 Sidney Donn?, of 'John O'London's Weekly': Letter to Marie Stopes from Sidney Donn?: 1921: Signed.f. 4 Mrs Olive C. Middleton, ... British Library
referencedIn Vol. LXXVII (ff. 223). Sept. 1897-May 1910 and n.d.includes:f. 1 Ethel M. Hertitage, probationer at St Thomas's Hospital: Letter to Florence Nightingale: 1897.ff. 2, 5, 7, 42, 69, 83 Lilian F. Jenkin, sister at St Thomas's Hospital; wife (1898) o... British Library
referencedIn VISCOUNT GLADSTONE PAPERS. Vol. XIX (ff. 338). Correspondence with William Waldegrave Palmer, 2nd Earl of Selborne, his predecessor as Governor-General and High Commissioner for South Africa; 1904-1920. Followed (f. 66) by miscellaneous official lett..., 1904-1920 British Library
creatorOf Vol. XLIV (ff. 331). 1888-1912.includes:ff. 1 -76 Ceylon: Papers of Sir Arthur Hamilton-Gordon as Governor: 1884-1889.ff. 1, 14, 22, 172-175 Frederick Temple Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava; formerly Blackwood: Letter..., 1888-1912 British Library
creatorOf VERSE MISCELLANY: comprising copies of eleven poems by or attributed to John Dryden, Thomas Sprat, the Earls of Orrery and Dorset, etc.; circa 1667-1668. The two poems of Dryden (ff. 33-63v, 64-65v) may have been copied from one of the three issues o..., approximately 1667-1668 British Library
creatorOf Vol. XVIII (ff. 149). July-Dec. 1890.includes:f. 1 Ellen Busk, wife of G Busk, FRS: Letters to Sir J. Lubbock: 1870-1890, n.d.f. 3 Margaret Elizabeth Child-Villiers, wife of Victor, 7th Earl of Jersey: Letters to Sir J. Lubbock: 1886-1899.f. 5 ... British Library
creatorOf SYDENHAM PAPERS. Vol. IX (ff. 96). General correspondence; 1908-1912. Includes letters of:-(a) Robert Offley Ashburton Crewe-Milnes, Marquess of Crewe, Secretary of State for India, 1910, 1911. ff. 40-45b, 48-49b;-(b) Arthur John Bigge, Baron Stamf..., 1908-1912 British Library
creatorOf 'TANACEI LIBELLUS ELEGIACUS AD JUSTUM': Love-elegies, etc., in Latin; n.d., circa mid-late 17th cent. Copy. Imperfect. The work, which is probably of Italian origin, consists mainly of a sequence of four elegies composed after the manner of Ovid, cel..., 17th century British Library
creatorOf SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE: 'KUBLA KHAN'; circa 1797-1804. Autograph fair copy, with corrections and revisions. The text apparently predates that published by Coleridge in 1816, differing from it in substantive readings in lines 1, 6, 7, 12, 13, 17, 29,..., approximately 1797-1804 British Library
referencedIn Vol. XXII (ff. 297). April 1911-July 1914.includes:ff. 1 (typewritten; signed), 37 Lewis Harcourt, 1st Viscount Harcourt: Correspondence with J. Burns: 1904-1911.f. 2 Sir Edward Strachey, 4th Baronet 1st Baron Strachie 1911: Invitation card to J.... British Library
creatorOf Vol. CXXII. 1919-1923.Carlos Blacker, father of C P Blacker: Alexander Galt Ross, brother of Robert Baldwin Ross: Letters to Alexander Galt Ross from Carlos Blacker: 1918-1922.Sybil Montgomery Douglas, mother of Lord Alfred Douglas; 1st wife of John ..., 1919-1923 British Library
creatorOf GEORGE HERBERT: 'Musae Responsoriae', with other poems, mostly in Latin; circa 1618-1620. Copies. The main item in this collection is the series of forty epigrams (ff. 6-18v) that Herbert wrote in reply to a poem composed by the Scots presbyterian An..., approximately 1618-1620 British Library
creatorOf MATTHEW TOWERS, LL.D: Translations of odes of Horace into English prose; Sept.-Oct. 1752. Copies. This is a transcript of the forty odes printed in Books I and II of Towers's translation of The odes of Horace dispos'd according to chronologic order b... British Library
creatorOf 'SYLVANI MARISCHALCHI AMORES'; n.d., circa 3rd quarter of 18th cent. Latin. The attribution of this collection of love poems, etc., survives on the spine of the binding only, and is of uncertain origin. The collection may be the work of the French wr..., 18th century British Library
referencedIn Correspondence of Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst (1858-1944), as Viceroy of India 1910-16, with the Secretary of State for India. Copied from microfilm (ref: Or Mic 14138) of Hardinge Collection, vol 118, supplied by Cambridge Univ..., 1912 British Library
referencedIn D'ABERNON PAPERS. Vol. X (ff. 283). (1) Internal Embassy memoranda at Berlin; 1920-1925. ff. 1-54. (2) Correspondence relating to comparative British and German casualties in the Great War, compiled by Lieut. (afterwards Lt.-Col.) Reginald Vernon Hum..., 1920-1926 British Library
creatorOf 1. Letter from Richard Monckton Milnes to A. C. Swinburne discussing the Marquis de Sade's Justine and certain flagellational poems by Swinburne; 22 Aug. 1862. For further letters from Monckton Milnes to Swinburne see A1984 and B4362. [Ashley Library..., 1862-1914 British Library
referencedIn Vol. CXXXVIII, July 1922-1924.includes:ff.1, 11, 30, 32, 35, 46, 120-124b, 161 Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Viscount Cecil of Chelwood: Correspondence, etc., with Lord Gladstone: 1921-1924.ff. 4, 18, 82b, 96b, 98, 112b, 158 Sir Weetman D... British Library
creatorOf Vol. CXIX (ff. 287). July 1942-Feb. 1943.includes:ff. 1, 22, 29, 41 Gwilym Lloyd-George, 1st Viscount Tenby: Correspondence, partly on his behalf, with Lord Cecil: 1942: Partly signed. ff. 2, 8 Konni Zilliacus, MP: Correspondence, etc., between Lord... British Library
referencedIn RIPON PAPERS. Vol. LXII (ff. 241). Correspondence with:-(1) Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin, Colonial Secretary; 1905-1908. ff. 1 -51b. (2) Robert Offley Ashburton Crewe-Milnes, Earl and (1911) Marquess of Crewe; 1906-1909. ff., 1905-1909 British Library
referencedIn BATTERSEA PAPERS. Vol. I (ff. ii+227). Letters to Lord and Lady Battersea from:-(1) Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, 4th daughter of Queen Victoria; 1885-1931. Included are a letter (f. 14) to Queen Victoria, 25 May [1889?], and a few letters (ff. ..., 1885-1931 British Library
referencedIn VISCOUNT GLADSTONE PAPERS. Vol. XX (ff. 405). Correspondence with:-(1) Sir Francis John Stephens Hopwood, G.C.B., 1st Baron Southborough 1917, Permanent Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies; 1909-1920. ff. 1-127. (2) Herbert James Stanley (G.C...., 1909-1923 British Library
referencedIn Vol. CCCCXIV (ff. 324). Aug.-Dec. 1886.includes:f. 1 Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, Viscount Cranborne; 3rd Marquess of Salisbury; Prime Minister: Correspondence with W. E. Gladstone: 1866-1889. f. 3 Sir George Grey, KCB; colonial governor: C... British Library
referencedIn SPENDER PAPERS. Vol. I (ff. 82). (1) Letters, etc., to J. A. Spender, from royal secretaries, viz:-(a) Francis Knollys, 1st Baron and (1911) Viscount Knollys, Private Secretary to Edward VII, 22 May 1909. ff. 1-2;-(b) Arthur John Bigge, Baron Stamf..., 1907-1937 British Library
referencedIn Vol. VII (ff. 302). 1909-1919.includes:ff. 1, 38, 52 John Campbell Gordon, 7th Earl of Aberdeen; 1st Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair; formerly Hamilton-Gordon: Letters to J. A. Spender: 1909, 1910. f. 3 Ernest Bruce Iwan-Müller, journalist: Letter t..., 1909-1919 British Library
referencedIn Correspondence of Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst (1858-1944), as Viceroy of India 1910-16, with the Secretary of State for India. Copied from microfilm (ref: Or Mic 14139) of Hardinge Collection, vol 120, supplied by Cambridge Univ..., 1914 British Library
creatorOf JOHN LEVETT: memorandum book of John Levett, lawyer, of London; 1688-1703, n.d. Formerly owned by Robert Crewe-Milnes, Marquess of Crewe (bookplate, f. ii). Purchased from J. L. M. Gulley, 22 July 1994. Paper; ff. v+144. 155 x 95mm. Black leather bin..., 1688-1703 British Library
creatorOf JOHN RUSSELL (d. 1687): Epigrammatum Libri VI; circa 1625. Latin. Autograph fair copy, with revisions and corrections. Russell, a Laudian who served as Rector of Chingford from 1634 until his death, with one break during the Interregnum, published an..., approximately 1625 British Library
creatorOf CHARNWOOD AUTOGRAPHS. Vol. I. English historical autographs, etc., circa 16th-20th cent. Included are Henry VII, Charles I, Oliver Cromwell, William III, Anne, and George II; Sir Philip Sidney, Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford, Thomas, 3rd Bar..., approximately 16th century-20th century British Library
creatorOf Vol. XXVI (ff. 171). Aug. 1923-Feb. 1924.includes:f. 1. Alberto Aguilar, Spanish diplomatist: Memorandum by Lord Cecil rel. to conversation with Alberto Aguilar: 1923: Copy.f. 2 Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian explorer: Correspondence, including teleg... British Library
referencedIn Papers of Capt Home Peel (1884-1918), India Office official 1906-14, military service 1914-18, including material relating to a visit to India 1912-13 as Private Secretary to Edwin Samuel Montagu, then Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for India, 1908-1959 British Library
referencedIn Vol. VIII (ff. 233). 1920-1933.includes:ff. 1-60b passim Alfred Milner, Viscount Milner: Letters to J. A. Spender: 1920.f. 15 Charles Edward Coles, Pasha; formerly Director-General of Egyptian Prisons: Letter to Zaghlul Pasha: 1920.: Typewritten ..., 1920-1933 British Library
referencedIn Vol. XI, 1886-1900.includes:ff. 1, 21, 26, 34, 59 Granville George Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville: Letters to Mrs. W. E. Gladstone: 1863-1889.ff. 4, 87 Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury: Letters to Mrs. W. E. Gladstone: 1884-1891.f..., 1886-1900 British Library
referencedIn Correspondence of Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst (1858-1944), as Viceroy of India 1910-16, with the Secretary of State for India. Copied from microfilm (ref: Or Mic 14139) of Hardinge Collection, vol 121, supplied by Cambridge Univ..., 1915-1916 British Library
referencedIn VISCOUNT GLADSTONE PAPERS. Vol. XII (ff. 190). Correspondence with Robert Offley Ashburton Milnes, afterwards Crewe-Milnes, 2nd Baron Houghton and (1911) Marquess of Crewe, Colonial Secretary; 1886-1928.Robert Offley Ashburton Crewe-Milnes, 2nd Baron..., 1886-1928 British Library
referencedIn CAMPBELL-BANNERMAN PAPERS. Vol. XLVII (ff. 263). Letters and memoranda addressed to the Rt. Hon. John Sinclair, M.P., 1st Lord Pentland 1909, in reply to requests for autograph letters, etc., of Sir Henry, with a view to the compilation of the "Life ..., 1908-1923 British Library
referencedIn Vol. XX, 1903-1908. For Campbell-Bannerman's letters to Lord Ripon (the originals of the typed copies here) see Add. MS. 43589. Quarto.George Frederick Samuel Robinson, Viscount Goderich; 2nd Earl of Ripon and 3rd Earl De Grey of Wrest; 1st Marquess ..., 1903-1908 British Library
referencedIn Vol. CCCCXXIII (ff. 292). Oct.-Dec. 1889.includes:f. 1 Fanny Mary Beere, d 1915 actress; married 2ndly: (1876) Bernard Beere, of Ostend; and 3rdly (1900) A C S Olivier: Letters to W. E. Gladstone: 1882-1889. f. 3 Baron Carl von Malortie,; German wr... British Library
creatorOf MORGAN-GRENVILLE PAPERS (SERIES II). Vol. III. The Stowe Visitors' Book containing signatures of visitors to Stowe; 16 Oct. 1868-16 Sept. 1920. Begun by Caroline, first wife of the 3rd Duke. Includes signatures of members of the Royal Family, politic... British Library
referencedIn Papers of 1st Baron Meston, Indian Civil Service 1885-1919, Chairman, Financial Relations Committee 1919-20, 1906-1936 British Library
creatorOf Vol. CXIV (ff. 349). Sept. 1939-Jan. 1940.includes:ff. 1, 13, 21 Dr Franz Wolff, German refugee in England: Miss Irene M. Butler, Secretary to Lord Cecil: Correspondence between Dr Franz Wolff and Miss Irene M. Butler: 1939: Signed. ff. 2, 9 Sir Leon... British Library
referencedIn Vol. CCCCXIX (ff. 294). June-Sept.1888.includes:ff. 1, 63 Henry Holiday, RA: Letters to W. E. Gladstone: 1879-1896. f. 3 Colonel Edward William Pelham-Clinton, 2nd son of Henry, 5th Duke of Newcastle: Correspondence with W. E. Gladstone: 1864-1894.... British Library
creatorOf Album of visitors to country houses and stately homes. Contains signatures of visitors, and photographs of some of the visitors and houses; 1896-1898. Presented by Hammersmith and Fulham Archives and Local History Centre, May 2001.Paper; ff. 25., 1896-1898 British Library
referencedIn SPENDER PAPERS. Vol. III (ff. 264). Correspondence of J. A. Spender with various Prime Ministers, together with other papers, arranged as follows:-(1) Letters from Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, G.C.B.; 1900-1904. ff. 1-10. (2) Collections made, and ..., 1886-1939 British Library
creatorOf BALFOUR PAPERS. Vol. LVII (ff. 170). 1. ff. 1-135b. Sir Thomas Henry Sanderson, Baron Sanderson of Armthorpe; 1897-1917. 2. ff. 136-170b. Robert Crewe-Milnes, Marquess of Crewe; 1915-1916.includes:ff. 1-135b Thomas Henry Sanderson, Baron Sanderson ..., 1897-1917 British Library
referencedIn Correspondence of Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst (1858-1944), as Viceroy of India 1910-16, with the Secretary of State for India. Copied from microfilm (ref: Or Mic 14138) of Hardinge Collection, vol 117, supplied by Cambridge Univ..., 1910-1911 British Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
Place Name Admin Code Country
Taplow, Buckinghamshire
Glasgow, Scotland
Gopsall Park, Leicestershire
India, Asia
Great Britain, Europe
Alloa House, Clackmannanshire
Solza, Austria
Puncheston, Pembrokeshire
Escrick Park, Yorkshire
Dalby Hall, Little Dalby
India, Asia
Wing Ascott Park, Buckinghamshire
Ireland, Europe
Doncaster, West Riding of Yorkshire
India, Asia
India, Asia
India, Asia
Apethorpe Hall, Northamptonshire
North America, America
Compton Place, Sussex
Highclere Castle, Hampshire
Stowe House, Buckinghamshire
Dorking, Surrey
India, Asia
Paris, France
China, Asia
Fiji, Melanesia
Ireland, Europe
India, Asia
Perth, Scotland
Stockbridge, Hampshire
South Africa, Africa
Switzerland, Europe
Dinnet, Aberdeenshire
South Africa, Africa
India, Asia
India, Asia
Siam, Kingdom of, Asia
Wynyard Park, Stockton on Tees
Chatsworth House, Nottinghamshire
Scotland, United Kingdom
United Provinces, India
Derby, Derbyshire
Egypt, Africa
Waterloo, Belgium
Germany, etc., and transactions in particular reigns. Weimar Republic
United States, North America
India, Asia
Castle Rising, Norfolk
Gibraltar, Europe
Breda, the Netherlands
London, county of, England
West Indies, America
Ceylon, Asia
South Africa, Africa
India, Asia
Ascot Heath, Berkshire
South Africa, Africa
New Delhi, India


Birth 1858

Death 1945

Related Descriptions


Ark ID: w6649hxs

SNAC ID: 11361513