Pratt, Parley P. (Parley Parker), 1807-1857

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Author, publisher, and apostle of the Mormon Church.l.

From the description of Poems, 1847. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122550424

Member of the Council of the Twelve Apostles of the Mormon Church, author, missionary, and pioneer.

From the description of Papers, 1837-1967. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122598864

Author, Utah pioneer, and apostle in the Mormon Church.

From the description of Letter, 1855. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122535491

Mormon Church leader and apostle.

From the description of Affidavit, 1846. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122480250

From the guide to the Parley P. Pratt affidavit, 1846, (L. Tom Perry Special Collections)

Apostle in the Mormon Church, author, and Utah pioneer.

From the description of Papers, 1851-1852. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122609470

Parley Parker Pratt was born in Burlington, New York, on April 12, 1807. He married Thankful Halsey in 1827 and the couple settled in Cleveland, Ohio. While traveling to New York to visit his family, Pratt happened to read a copy of the Book of Mormon, and, believing it to be true, went to Palmyra, New York, the one-time home of Joseph Smith. He was baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints by Oliver Cowdery at Seneca Lake in September 1830. Pratt met Smith in Fayette, New York, in October 1830 and joined a missionary trip to the Missouri frontier. He would later participate in missions throughout the United States, Canada, England, the Pacific Islands, and South America. Pratt became an original member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles in 1835. After Smith's death, he traveled with his family to Utah as a follower of Brigham Young. In the mid-1850s, Pratt developed the Deseret alphabet along with George D. Watt. In 1854, he presided over the Pacific Mission in San Francisco. While there, he married one of his many plural wives, Eleanor McLean, who was still legally married to her first husband, Hector McLean. Hecor McLean confronted Pratt while the latter was returning from a mission to the southern United States in 1857, and accused him of kidnapping his wife and children. Pratt was arrested in the Oklahoma Territory and was acquitted of minor charges. On May 13, 1857, Pratt was shot and stabbed to death by McLean on a farm near Van Buren, Arkansas. Pratt was later buried near Alma, Arkansas.

From the description of Letters to Brigham Young, 1853-1856. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 519740859

Apostle in the Mormon Church.

From the description of Schlussel zur Gottesgelehrtheit, 1895-1922. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 367388772

Member of the Council of the Twelve Apostles.

From the guide to the MS 897 Parley P. Pratt correspondence 1842-1855 (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Church History Library)

From the guide to the MS 2248 Parley P. Pratt collection circa 1835-1896 (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Church History Library)

Parley Parker Pratt (1802-1857) was born in New York state. During the Second Great Awakening he felt a need to become a Christian missionary. He soon encountered the new Mormon movement and became a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. He carried his missionary zeal into his new faith and later became an apostle in the LDS Church. He served several missions including missions in Canada, Britain, the Pacific Islands, and Chile. When the Saints moved to Utah he explored some of the surrounding areas and later built a toll road where I-80 runs today. He had a large family after joining the practice of polygamy and eventually had twelve wives and twenty-nine children. While returning from a mission in the Eastern States, he was murdered in 1857 in the state of Arkansas.

From the guide to the Parley P. Pratt papers, 1841-1895, (J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Smith, Albert E. Silas Sanford Smith : pioneer, statesman, colonizer, 1963. Utah State University, Merrill-Cazier Library
referencedIn Mackenzie, William Lyon, 1795-1861. Newspaper articles [microform] 1841-1860. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn Brown, Thomas Dunlop, 1807-. Journal of the Southern Indian Mission, 1854-1856. Utah Division of State History, Utah Historical Society
referencedIn MS 13538, McLellin, William Earl 1806-1883. William E. McLellin papers 1831-1878 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf Pratt, Parley P. (Parley Parker), 1807-1857. Affidavit, 1846. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn Hancock County (Ill.). Legal instruments. Harold B. Lee Library
creatorOf MS 27035, Kimball, Hiram 1806-1863. Hiram Kimball collection 1830-1910 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
referencedIn AV 3800, Church History Department (2008- ). Rare Books Seminar 2011-2012 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
referencedIn Utah. Legal instruments relating to Mormons in Utah, 1838-1895. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn Cooper, James Monroe. Driggs family genealogical research papers, 1870-1939. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Utah. Legal act, 1853. Harold B. Lee Library
creatorOf Pratt, Parley P. (Parley Parker), 1807-1857. Papers, 1837-1967. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn MS 21850, Curbelo, Néstor Esteban 1952-. Chile histories LDS in South America 1991-2008 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf LR 604 107, Salt Lake Stake. Salt Lake Stake papers 1847-1849 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf MS 1198, Coombs, Isaiah Moses 1834-1886. Isaiah M. Coombs collection 1835-1938 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
referencedIn James P. Cowley biography of Sarah Houston Pratt Taussig, 2011 L. Tom Perry Special Collections20th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn PH 1600, Martin, Edward photographer 1818-1882. Edward Martin portraits 1860s Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
referencedIn Huntington, Oliver Boardman, 1823-1907. Diaries of Oliver B. Huntington Collection, 1823-1907. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn USU student folklore genre collection of character legends, 1960-2011 Utah State University. Merrill-Cazier Library. Special Collections and Archives.Fife Folklore Archives
creatorOf CR 100 317, Historian's Office (1842?-1972). Historian's Office reports of speeches 1845-1885 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
referencedIn Allen, Rufus Chester, 1827-1915. Biographical sketch [microform] (Typescript). Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn Hancock County (Ill.) summons, 1845 L. Tom Perry Special Collections19th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
creatorOf M205.1 P965 v. 1-2 1844-1845, Smith, William 1811-1893. The Prophet (Newspaper). Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf MS 941, Barlow family. Barlow family collection 1816-1966 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
referencedIn Driggs family genealogical research papers, 1870-1939 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf MS 1487, Richards, Henry Phinehas 1831-1912. Henry P. Richards papers 1854-1900 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
referencedIn Winters, Mary Ann Stearns. Autobiography of Mary Ann Stearns Winters, 1896, April 16. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn PH 100, Cannon, Marsena photographer 1812-1900. Daguerreotype collection circa 1850s-1860s Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf MS 1346, Taylor, John 1808-1887. John Taylor collection 1829-1894 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
referencedIn Hancock County (Ill.). Hancock County (Ill.) summons, 1845. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn Smith, Joseph, 1805-1844. The Joseph Smith Collection in the Church Archives, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints [microform]. Harold B. Lee Library
creatorOf Pratt, Parley P. (Parley Parker), 1807-1857. Letter, 1855. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn MS 5719, Nephi Pratt family. Nephi Pratt family papers 1867-1910 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf MS 14392, Pratt family. Pratt family papers 1849-1910; 1950-1957 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf Pratt, Parley P. (Parley Parker), 1807-1857. Notebook, 1844-1846. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn MS 9622, Nauvoo Restoration, Incorporated (1962-2011). Nauvoo Restoration, Inc. collection 1818-2001 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
referencedIn Crawley, Peter, 1936-. Peter Crawley copyright correspondence, undated. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn Daviess County (Mo.). Court. Legal documents, 1839. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn Pratt, Clyde E.,. Pratt family genealogy and record book, c.1912-1935. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn McIntire, William Patterson, 1813-1882. Daybook, 1840-1856 (bulk), 1840-1972 (inclusive). Harold B. Lee Library
creatorOf Pratt, Parley P. (Parley Parker), 1807-1857. Schlussel zur Gottesgelehrtheit, 1895-1922. Harold B. Lee Library
creatorOf Pratt, Parley P. (Parley Parker), 1807-1857. Poems, 1847. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn Ohio. Legal record, 1846. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn CR 100 96, Historian's Office (1842?-1972). Historian's Office history of persecutions 1879-1880 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf Parley P. Pratt affidavit, 1846 L. Tom Perry Special Collections19th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn Brown, Thomas Dunlop, 1807-. Journal of the Southern Indian Mission, 1854-1856. Utah Division of State History, Utah Historical Society
referencedIn Peter Crawley copyright correspondence, 1828-1860 L. Tom Perry Special Collections19th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn MS 14052, Jameson family. Jameson family collection 1825-1938 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf MS 829, Lyman, Amasa Mason 1813-1877. Amasa M. Lyman collection 1832-1877 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf MS 2248, Pratt, Parley Parker 1807-1857. Parley P. Pratt collection circa 1835-1896 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
referencedIn MS 14290, Camp of Israel. Camp of Israel schedules and reports 1845-1849 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf MS 9670, Fleming, Helen Vilate Bourne 1884-1969. Helen B. Fleming collection 1836-1963 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf Pratt, Parley P. (Parley Parker), 1807-1857. Papers, 1851-1852. Harold B. Lee Library
creatorOf MS 1508, Burton, William 1809-1851. William Burton papers circa 1837-1851 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
referencedIn PH 327, E.G. Williams & Bro. (Engraver : N.Y.). Engraved portrait collection circa 1890 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
referencedIn MS 6104, Taylor, John 1808-1887. Missionary reports 1831-1900 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf MS 889, Rich, Charles Coulson 1809-1883. Charles C. Rich collection 1832-1908 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
referencedIn Hancock County (Ill.) legal instruments, 1845-1849 L. Tom Perry Special Collections19th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
creatorOf MS 1558, Richards family. Richards family papers 1965 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
referencedIn Lyndon W. Cook research papers, 1977 L. Tom Perry Special Collections20th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn Whitsitt, William Heth, 1841-1911. [Notes on Mormonism / William Heth Whitsitt]. SBTS Library, James P. Boyce Centennial Library
referencedIn PH 8004, Smith, Bathsheba Wilson Bigler 1822-1910. Bathsheba W. Bigler Smith photograph collection circa 1865-1900 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
referencedIn MS 1194, Murdock, John 1792-1871. John Murdock journal and autobiography circa 1830-1867 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
referencedIn Backman, Milton Vaughn. Milton V. Backman and A. Gary Anderson collection of early Mormon manuscripts, 1772-1980. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn Rockwood, Albert Perry, 1805-1879. Mormon letters and sermons, [1838-1839?]. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Brown, Thomas Dunlop, 1807-. Journal of the Southern Indian Mission, 1854-1856. Utah Division of State History, Utah Historical Society
referencedIn AV 3921, Brigham Young University Motion Picture Studio. How Rare a Possession : The Book of Mormon 1987 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf Pratt, Belinda Marden, 1820-1894. Papers, 1855-1889. Harold B. Lee Library
creatorOf MS 2054, Deseret News Office. Deseret News editor's files 1850-1854 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf MS 1352, Woodruff, Wilford 1807-1898. Wilford Woodruff journals and papers 1828-1898 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf MS 897, Pratt, Parley Parker 1807-1857. Parley P. Pratt correspondence 1842-1855 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf MS 1284, Richards, Levi 1799-1876. Levi Richards papers 1837-1867 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf CR 100 93, Historian's Office (1842?-1972). Historian's Office histories of the Twelve 1856-1858, 1861 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
referencedIn PH 1950, Tintype collection circa 1860s-1916 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
referencedIn Philadelphia Branch minutes, 1840-1854 L. Tom Perry Special Collections20th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn Belinda Marden Pratt autobiographical sketch, 1884 L. Tom Perry Special Collections20th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn MS 19509, Woodruff, Wilford 1807-1898. Wilford Woodruff collection 1831-1905 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
referencedIn AV 3369, Church History Department (2008- ). Church History Department South America South and Chile Area tour records 2012 March Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf MS 5597, Orson Pratt family. Orson Pratt family collection circa 1853-1950 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
referencedIn Isaac Russell correspondence, 1831-1893 L. Tom Perry Special Collections19th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn Peirson, Nancy Richards, 1792-1852. Diary of Nancy Peirson, 1846-1849. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Russell, Isaac, 1807-1844. Correspondence, 1831-1893. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn MS 22278, Pettigrew, David 1791-1863. Pettigrew collection 1836-1883; 1926-1930 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf MS 4337, Freebairn, Mary Jean 1923-2006. Mary Jean Freebairn collection 1831-1972 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf Pratt, Parley P. (Parley Parker), 1807-1857. Walker and Pratt families papers, 1848-1974. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Philadelphia Branch. Minutes, 1840-1854. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn Thornton, Mary Griswald, 1812-1858. Biography [microform] (Typescript). Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn Cripps, Alecia M. The angel of the prairie : or a dream of the future / Alecia M. Cripps. Community of Christ Library and Archives
referencedIn Whitaker, George, 1820-1907. Autobiography. Utah Division of State History, Utah Historical Society
referencedIn MS 587, Pratt, Orson 1811-1881. Orson Pratt autobiography and journals 1833-1847 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf CR 100 396, Historian's Office (1842?-1972). Joseph Smith history documents 1839-1860 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf MS 2145, United States Congress. Material relating to Mormon expulsion from Missouri 1839-1843 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
referencedIn Nickerson, Jock, 1820-1925. Notes, ca. 1900. Harold B. Lee Library
creatorOf Parley P. Pratt papers, 1841-1895 J. Willard Marriott Library, University of UtahManuscripts Division
referencedIn Cook, Lyndon W. Research papers, 1977. Harold B. Lee Library
creatorOf MS 1322, Smith, George Albert 1817-1875. George A. Smith papers 1834-1877 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
creatorOf Pratt, Parley P. (Parley Parker), 1807-1857. Letters to Brigham Young, 1853-1856. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Allen, Rufus Chester, 1827-1915. person
associatedWith Backman, Milton Vaughn. person
associatedWith Barlow family family
associatedWith Brigham Young University Motion Picture Studio corporateBody
associatedWith British Mission corporateBody
associatedWith Brown, Thomas Dunlop, 1807- person
associatedWith Burton, William 1809-1851 person
associatedWith Camp of Israel corporateBody
associatedWith Cannon, George Quayle 1827-1901 person
associatedWith Church History Department (2008- ) corporateBody
associatedWith Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints corporateBody
associatedWith Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Philadelphia Branch. corporateBody
associatedWith Cook, Lyndon W. person
associatedWith Coombs, Isaiah Moses 1834-1886 person
associatedWith Cooper, James Monroe person
associatedWith Cooper, James Monroe. person
associatedWith Cowley, James P. person
associatedWith Crawley, Peter, 1936- person
associatedWith Cripps, Alecia M. person
associatedWith Curbelo, Néstor Esteban 1952- person
associatedWith Daviess County (Mo.). Court. corporateBody
associatedWith Deseret News Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Driggs family family
associatedWith Fife Folklore Archives corporateBody
associatedWith Fleming, Helen Vilate Bourne 1884-1969 person
associatedWith Freebairn, Mary Jean 1923-2006 person
associatedWith Hale, Heber Q. (Heber Quincy), b. 1880. person
associatedWith Hancock County (Ill.) corporateBody
associatedWith Hancock County (Ill.). corporateBody
associatedWith Hancock County (Ill.). Circuit Court corporateBody
associatedWith Hancock County (Ill.). Circuit Court. corporateBody
associatedWith Historian's Office (1842?-1972) corporateBody
associatedWith Huntington, Oliver Boardman, 1823-1907. person
associatedWith Hyde, Orson 1805-1878 person
associatedWith Jameson family family
associatedWith Kimball, Heber Chase 1801-1868 person
associatedWith Kimball, Hiram 1806-1863 person
associatedWith Kimball, Hiram S., 1806-1863. person
associatedWith Lyman, Amasa Mason 1813-1877 person
associatedWith Mackenzie, William Lyon, 1795-1861. person
associatedWith Martin, Edward photographer 1818-1882 person
associatedWith McIntire, William Patterson, 1813-1882. person
associatedWith McLellin, William Earl 1806-1883 person
associatedWith Mormon Church corporateBody
associatedWith Murdock, John 1792-1871 person
associatedWith Nauvoo Restoration, Incorporated (1962-2011) corporateBody
associatedWith Nephi Pratt family family
associatedWith Nickerson, Jock, 1820-1925. person
associatedWith Ohio. corporateBody
associatedWith Orson Pratt family family
associatedWith Peirson, Nancy Richards, 1792-1852. person
associatedWith Pettigrew, David 1791-1863 person
associatedWith Phelps, William Wines 1792-1872 person
associatedWith Pratt, Belinda Marden person
associatedWith Pratt, Belinda Marden, 1820-1894. person
associatedWith Pratt, Eleanor J. McComb 1817-1874 person
associatedWith Pratt, Elizabeth Brotherton 1816-1897 person
associatedWith Pratt family family
associatedWith Pratt, Orson 1811-1881 person
associatedWith Pratt, Phoebe Sopher. person
associatedWith Richards family family
associatedWith Richards, Franklin Dewey 1821-1899 person
associatedWith Richards, Henry Phinehas 1831-1912 person
associatedWith Richards, Levi 1799-1876 person
associatedWith Richards, Samuel Whitney 1824-1909 person
associatedWith Rich, Charles Coulson 1809-1883 person
associatedWith Rockwood, Albert Perry, 1805-1879. person
associatedWith Russell, Isaac, 1807-1844. person
associatedWith Salt Lake Stake corporateBody
associatedWith Sandwich Islands Mission corporateBody
associatedWith Smith, Bathsheba Wilson Bigler 1822-1910 person
associatedWith Smith, George Albert 1817-1875 person
associatedWith Smith, Joseph, 1805-1844. person
associatedWith Society Islands Mission corporateBody
associatedWith Taylor, John 1808-1887 person
associatedWith Thornton, Mary Griswald, 1812-1858. person
associatedWith United States Congress corporateBody
associatedWith Utah. corporateBody
associatedWith Utah. corporateBody
associatedWith Watt, G. D. (George Darling), 1815-1881. person
associatedWith Whitaker, George, 1820-1907. person
associatedWith Whitney, Newel Kimball 1795-1850 person
associatedWith Whitsitt, William Heth, 1841-1911. person
associatedWith Wight, Lyman 1796-1858 person
associatedWith Winters, Mary Ann Stearns. person
associatedWith Woodruff, Wilford 1807-1898 person
associatedWith Young, Brigham, 1801-1877, person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Illinois
Nauvoo (Ill.)
Utah
Parowan (Utah)
Nauvoo (Ill.)
South America
Illinois--Nauvoo
Utah
Subject
Mormon Church--History--19th century--Sources
Mormon church--Apostles
Mormons--history
Mormons--History--Sources
Mormonism (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)
Mormon Church--Apostles--Correspondence
Mormons--Illinois--Nauvoo--History--Sources
Politics, Government, and Law
Civil Procedure and Courts
Mormons
Mormon doctrine--Spirit world
Mormon church--Missions--History--Sources
Mormon Church--History--Sources
Missionary work
Religion
Occupation
General Authorities
Function

Person

Birth 1807-04-12

Death 1857-05-13

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