Granholm, Jennifer, 1959-

Source Citation

<p>Jennifer M. Granholm was elected governor in 2002 and re-elected in 2006 with the largest number of votes ever cast for governor in Michigan. With the crisis in the auto industry and the global shift in manufacturing jobs to low wage countries, Michigan has had the toughest economy in the nation. Governor Granholm has worked relentlessly to diversify an economy that for 100 years has been based primarily on automotive manufacturing, seeking to add specific emerging sectors to Michigan's economic base.</p>

<p>In addition to diversifying Michigan's economy, Granholm has played offense by pushing the state to double the number of college graduates, while playing defense by protecting people and Michigan's safety net as the state transitions from an old economy to a new economy. For example, despite the economic challenges, Michigan has the second highest rate of child health care coverage in the nation. Yet, because of the state's economic and revenue challenges, Granholm has told citizens that government can't be all things to all people, and has cut more out of state government, as a percentage, than any state in the nation - cutting 25 percent of state departments, shutting down 13 prison facilities, reforming public employee benefits and pensions, and resolving more than $10 billion in budget deficits.</p>

<p>Granholm's economic agenda includes adding six new sectors, one of which involves aggressive measures to grow a new alternative energy sector that is transforming Michigan's rustbelt image to a greenbelt reality, helping reduce our nation's dependence on foreign oil and fossil fuels, and creating 85,000 jobs by 2020 from the 40 clean energy companies that have chosen Michigan in the past year alone.</p>

<p>As part of her goal to double the number of college graduates, Granholm has signed into law a college prep curriculum for every high school student in Michigan, and some of the toughest turnaround requirements for low-performing schools in the nation. She launched No Worker Left Behind in 2007, a program for displaced adults where the state will pay for the tuition of any unemployed and under-employed citizen to go to community college or technical school to be trained for high-demand jobs. No Worker Left Behind has enrolled more than 136,000 people, with a 75 percent job placement or retention rate - the best results in the nation. Community college enrollment in Michigan has increased by 50 percent this decade.</p>

<p>The Pew Center on the States has twice recognized Michigan in its biannual surveys as one of the best-managed states in the nation.</p>

<p>Governor Granholm began her career in public service as a judicial clerk for Michigan's 6th Circuit Court of Appeals. She became a federal prosecutor in Detroit in 1990, and in 1994, she was appointed Wayne County Corporation Counsel. Granholm was elected Michigan's first female attorney general in 1998.</p>

<p>Granholm is an honors graduate of both the University of California at Berkeley and Harvard Law School. She and her husband, Daniel G. Mulhern, have three children.</p>


Source Citation

<p>Jennifer Mulhern Granholm (born February 5, 1959) is a Canadian-American politician, lawyer, educator, author, and political commentator serving as the 16th United States secretary of energy. A member of the Democratic Party, she was the 47th governor of Michigan from 2003 to 2011. She was the first woman to serve as Michigan's governor, and she earlier served as attorney general of Michigan.</p>

<p>Born in Vancouver, British Columbia, Granholm moved from Canada to California at age four. She graduated from San Carlos High School and briefly attempted an acting career, then held a variety of jobs before attending the University of California, Berkeley. She graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1984 and then a Juris Doctor from Harvard Law School, where she served as editor-in-chief of the Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review. She then clerked for Judge Damon Keith of the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit, became an assistant U.S. attorney for the Eastern District of Michigan in 1991 and in 1995 she was appointed to the Wayne County Corporation Counsel.</p>

<p>Granholm ran for Attorney General of Michigan in 1998 to succeed 37-year Democratic incumbent Frank J. Kelley. She defeated Republican John Smietanka, the 1994 nominee and former U.S. attorney for the Western District of Michigan, by 52% to 48% and served from 1999 to 2003. She ran for governor in 2002 to succeed Republican John Engler. She defeated Engler's lieutenant governor Dick Posthumus by 51% to 47% and became Michigan's first female governor on January 1, 2003. She was re-elected to a second term in 2006 against Republican businessman Dick DeVos (the husband of Betsy DeVos) by a large margin and served until January 1, 2011, when she left office due to state term-limits.</p>

<p>She was a member of the presidential transition team for Barack Obama before he assumed office in January 2009. After leaving public office, Granholm took a position at U.C. Berkeley and, with her husband Daniel Mulhern, authored <i>A Governor's Story: The Fight for Jobs and America's Future</i>, released in 2011. She became host of <i>The War Room with Jennifer Granholm</i> on Current TV. In January 2017, she was hired as a CNN political contributor.</p>

<p>On December 15, 2020, President-elect Joe Biden announced his intention to nominate Granholm to head the United States Department of Energy. She was confirmed by the United States Senate on February 25, 2021, by a vote of 64–35.</p>


Source Citation

<p>Jennifer M. Granholm was sworn in as the 16th Secretary of Energy on February 25, 2021, becoming just the second woman to lead the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).</p>

<p>Secretary Granholm will lead DOE in helping America achieve President Biden’s goal of net-zero carbon emissions by 2050 by advancing cutting-edge clean energy technologies, creating millions of good-paying union clean energy jobs, and building an equitable clean energy future. Secretary Granholm will also oversee DOE’s core missions of promoting American leadership in scientific discovery, maintaining the nuclear deterrent and reducing nuclear danger, and remediating the environmental harms caused by legacy defense programs.</p>

<p>Prior to her nomination as Secretary of Energy, Jennifer Granholm was the first woman elected Governor of Michigan, serving two terms from 2003 to 2011.</p>

<p>As Governor, Jennifer Granholm faced economic downturns caused by the Great Recession and meltdown in the automotive and manufacturing sectors. She successfully led efforts to diversify the state’s economy, strengthen its auto industry, preserve the manufacturing sector, and add emerging sectors — such as clean energy — to Michigan’s economic portfolio. Today, one-third of all North American electric vehicle battery production takes place in Michigan, the state is one of the top five states for clean energy patents, and 126,000 Michiganders were employed in the clean energy sector prior to COVID-19.</p>

<p>Secretary Granholm was also the first woman elected Attorney General of Michigan and served as the state’s top law enforcement officer from 1998 to 2002.</p>

<p>After two terms as governor, Jennifer Granholm joined the faculty of the University of California, Berkeley as a Distinguished Professor of Practice in the Goldman School of Public Policy, focusing on the intersection of law, clean energy, manufacturing, policy, and industry. She also served as an advisor to the Clean Energy Program of the Pew Charitable Trusts.</p>

<p>Jennifer Granholm began her career in public service as a judicial clerk for Michigan's 6th Circuit Court of Appeals. She became a federal prosecutor in Detroit in 1990, and in 1994, she was appointed Wayne County Corporation Counsel.</p>

<p>Secretary Granholm, an immigrant from Canada, is an honors graduate of both the University of California, Berkeley and Harvard Law School. She and her husband, Daniel G. Mulhern, have three children.</p>


Source Citation

Jennifer Granholm was born on February 5, 1959 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada as Jennifer Judith Alfreda Granholm. She has been married to Daniel Kevin Mulhern since May 23, 1986. They have three children.


Unknown Source


Name Entry: Granholm, Jennifer, 1959-

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Note: Contributors from initial SNAC EAC-CPF ingest

Name Entry: Granholm, Jennifer Mulhern, 1959-

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Note: Contributors from initial SNAC EAC-CPF ingest