Louis Brandeis (b. November 13, 1856, Louisville, Kentucky – d. October 5, 1941, Washington D.C.) was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, serving from 1916 until 1939. Brandeis was the Court’s 67th justice and its first Jewish-American justice. He was the son of immigrants from Bohemia, who came to Kentucky from Prague, then part of the Austrian Empire. He received his LL.B. from Harvard Law School in 1877, and before becoming a judge, served as a lawyer at Warren & Brandeis, 1879-1897, and at Brandeis, Dunbar & Nutter, 1897-1916. He was known for his progressive politics around restricting the power and wealth of corporations, and developed the concept of the right to privacy and advocated for free speech. He also became known as the "People's Attorney" for his pro bono work. He married Alice G. Goldmark in 1891, with whom he had two daughters, Susan Brandeis Gilbert and Elizabeth Brandeis Rauschenbush. He joined the Zionist movement in 1912.
Brandeis, Louis Dembitz, 1856-1941