Swadesh, Morris, 1909-1967

Variant names
Birth 1909-01-22
Death 1967-07-20
Wakashan languages, English,

Biographical notes:

James M. Crawford was a linguist who mainly studied Native American languages, including Cocopa, Yuchi, and Mobilian trade language. He came to the field of linguistics halfway through his lifetime after pursuing a career in forestry in the West and Southwest. After receiving his PhD in 1966 from the University of California at Berkeley, he returned to his birthplace, Georgia, where he taught in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Georgia at Athens.

From the guide to the Recordings of Native American languages, Bulk, 1963-1973, 1953, 1956, 1963, 1965, 1967-68, 1970-73, (American Philosophical Society)

Dell Hathaway Hymes, an anthropologist, linguist, and educator, is best known for his studies of the language and culture of Native Americans at the Warm Springs reservation in Central Oregon.

From the guide to the Introduction to Swadesh Book, The Origin and Diversification of Language, 1971, (American Philosophical Society)

Helen Heffron Roberts was a songwriter.

From the guide to the Songs, 1935-1955, of the Nootka Indians of Western Vancouver Island, 1935-1955, (American Philosophical Society)

A Wisconsin native, Lounsbury completed his undergraduate education at the University of Wisconsin - Madison, and took an MA degree there. He then went to Yale University and was awarded a Ph.D. for work on Oneida phonology and morphology in 1949. While in the Ph.D. program he started teaching, and remained at Yale for the rest of his career. Retiring in 1979, Lounsbury was appointed Sterling Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, a post he held until his death at age 84.

Influenced by his graduate advisor, Morris Swadesh, Lounsbury undertook (1939-1940) the WPA-funded Oneida Language and Folklore Project, Green Bay, Wisconsin. This work eventually culminated in his MA thesis and dissertation. Lounsbury undertook pioneering work in descriptive and comparative Iroquoian linguistics, and made very significant contributions to the decipherment of Maya hieroglyphic texts. He was also an important innovator in the formal analysis of kinship terminologies and structural semantics. Fieldwork was conducted among the Oneida and all other speakers of surviving Iroquoian languages, Natchez, two Mayan and six Brazilian Indian languages. Lounsbury was a fellow of the National Academy of Sciences (1969), and a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1976) and American Philosophical Society (1987).

From the guide to the Floyd Glenn Lounsbury papers, ca. 1935-1998, Circa 1935-1998, (American Philosophical Society)

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  • Chitimacha Indians--Folklore
  • Cocopa Indians--Domestic life
  • Mobilian trade language
  • Cocopa language
  • Eagle dance
  • Navajo Indians
  • Yuchi Indians
  • Indians of Mexico--Languages--Writing
  • Mayan languages--Writing
  • Seneca Indians--Music
  • Nahuatl Indians--Folklore
  • Yuchi Indians--History
  • Coyote (Legendary character)--Legends
  • Cherokee language
  • Trail of Tears, 1838-1839
  • Biology--United States
  • Cocopa Indians--Folklore
  • Indians of North America--Music
  • Cocopa Indians--Social life and customs
  • Yuchi Indians--Social life and customs
  • Seneca Indians--Rites and ceremonies
  • Incas--Social life and customs
  • Koasati language
  • Embryology--United States
  • Morphology
  • Choctaw language
  • Navajo language
  • Songs, Papiamento
  • Yuki language
  • United States. Works Progress Administration
  • Indians of South America--Languages
  • Papiamento
  • Basket making
  • Creation--Mythology
  • Nootka Indians--Music
  • Shepherds--Folklore
  • Oneida Indians--Wisconsin
  • Infants--Language
  • Shoshoni language
  • Chickasaw language
  • Waimiri Indians--Social life and customs
  • Alabama Indians--Music
  • Illustrations--Color
  • Cocopa Indians--Music
  • Yavapai language
  • Marriage customs and rites--Russia
  • Indians of South America--Andes Region--Social life and customs
  • Chontal language--Dictionaries
  • Kumiai language
  • Tolowa language
  • Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole
  • Mohave Indians--Music
  • Nootka Indians
  • Chitimacha language
  • Nootka language
  • Tlingit Indians--Music
  • Alabama language
  • Nootka Indians--Folklore
  • Oneida Indians
  • Indians of North America--Migrations
  • Tlingit Indians--History
  • Yavapai Indians--Music
  • Indians of Central America--Languages--Writing
  • Quechua Indians--Social life and customs
  • Lacandon Indians--Social life and customs
  • Alabama Indians--Folklore
  • Yuchi language
  • Iroquoian languages
  • Oneida language
  • Birds--Songs and music
  • Tolowa Indians--Music
  • Makah Indians--Folklore
  • Cocopa Indians--Education
  • Yuchi Indians--Educiation
  • Animals--Folklore
  • Russian language--Texts


not available for this record


  • Angoon (Alaska) (as recorded)