Irwin, Bernard John Dowling, 1830-1917

Variant names
Dates:
Birth 1830-06-24
Death 1917-12-15

Biographical notes:

Bernard John Dowling Irwin was born in Ireland and emigrated to the United States while still a boy. He graduated from New York Medical College in 1852 and began his service in the U.S. Army as a surgeon in 1855. In February 1861, while stationed at Fort Buchanan, Arizona, he led troops against Chiricahua Indians at Apache Pass. He was awarded the Medal of Honor and gained the nickname "The Fighting Doctor" for his gallantry. During the Civil War, Irwin introduced the use of tent field hospitals at the battle of Shiloh in 1862. After the war he served as post surgeon to various posts in the American West. In 1892 he was appointed Assistant Surgeon General of the Army. He retired in 1894.

From the guide to the Bernard John Dowling Irwin Papers, ca.1850-19--, (History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine)

Army officer and surgeon.

From the description of Papers of Bernard John Dowling Irwin, 1850-1870. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 85185752

Army surgeon; served at Ft. Defiance, then Ft. Buchanan, serving in the Apache Wars where he became known as the fighting doctor. From 1882 to 1885, he was medical director of the Dept. of Arizona.

From the description of Irwin articles, 1876-1934. (Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division). WorldCat record id: 41138910

Bernard John Dowling Irwin was born in Ireland and emigrated to the United States while still a boy. He graduated from New York Medical College in 1852 and began his service the the U.S. Army as a surgeon in 1855. In February 1861, while stationed at Fort Buchanan, Arizona, he led troops against Chiricahua Indians at Apache Pass. He was awarded the Medal of Honor and gained the nickname "The Fighting Doctor" for his gallantry. During the Civil War, Irwin introduced the use of tent field hospitals at the battle of Shiloh in 1862. After the war he served as post surgeon to various posts in the American West. In 1892 he was appointed Assistant Surgeon General of the Army. He retired in 1894.

From the description of Bernard John Dowling Irwin papers, [ca. 1850-19--] (National Library of Medicine). WorldCat record id: 14320376

Bernard John Dowling Irwin (1830-1917) was a surgeon in the United States Army. He is best known for beginning the first military hospitals in the field of combat.

From the description of Bernard John Dowling Irwin letter and diary, 1855-1856. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 361573095

From the guide to the Bernard John Dowling Irwin letter and diary, 1855-1856, (L. Tom Perry Special Collections)

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Subjects:

  • Military camps--Texas--History--Sources
  • Geology
  • Smithsonian Exchange
  • Military hospitals
  • Military Medicine
  • Physicians
  • Apache Indians--Wars
  • Soldiers--United States--History--Sources
  • National Museum
  • priorities
  • Military
  • Military camps--History--Sources
  • Smithsonian Publications
  • Indians, North American--Biography
  • Natural history
  • Astronomy
  • Soldiers--History--Sources
  • Military Medicine--Biography
  • Meteorites
  • Exposition
  • Ethnology Archaeology Anthropology
  • Politics, Government, and Law
  • Indians, North American

Occupations:

  • Army officers
  • Surgeons

Places:

  • Texas (as recorded)
  • Texas (as recorded)
  • Arizona--Tucson (as recorded)
  • Arizona (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Tennessee--Memphis (as recorded)
  • New Mexico (as recorded)
  • New Mexico (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)