Catholic Church. Congregatio Reverendae Fabricae Sancti Petri.

This congregation is better known by its Italian name, the Fabbrica di San Pietro. On April 18, 1506, Pope Julius II laid the first stone of the great new basilica dedicated to St. Peter that was to replace the first basilica constructed by Constantine the Great. By the bull Admonet nos suscepti of December 12, 1523, Pope Clement VII formally established the Reverenda Fabbrica di San Pietro in the Vatican, an administrative entity to provide for the basilica's reconstruction and subsequent maintenance. Even though its central task of watching over the physical integrity of St. Peter's has not varied, the organizational structure and legal attributions of the Fabbrica have been successively modified over the centuries of its existence. Its initial form was that of a "college" or corporate body of sixty, drawn from among the ambassadors of Catholic states, but later it became a Sacred Congregation on similar lines to others of the model administration created by the Sixtus V in 1588. More recently it has become a Palatine Administration.

The origin of this congregation can be found in the commission set up by Julius II (constitution Liquet omnibus, 11 Jan 1510) to supervise the reconstruction of the old Basilica of St. Peter. Clement VII (constitution Admonet Nos suscepti, 12 Dec 1523) replaced the commission with a permanent college of 60 experts of international background, directly dependent on the Holy See, charged with providing for the building and administration of the basilica. Sixtus V (constitution Cum ex debito, 4 Mar 1589) placed this college under the jurisdiction of the cardinal archpriest of the basilica.


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