Axelrod, Julius, 1912-2004

Axelrod graduated with a B.S. in biology in 1933 from the City College of New York. Two years later he secured a job testing vitamin supplements added to food, especially milk, for the New York City Department of Health's Laboratory of Industrial Hygiene. While working in this position, he took night classes at NYU, and in 1942 earned his M.S. in chemistry. From 1946-1949, he worked with at Goldwater Memorial Hospital on Welfare (now Roosevelt) Island on the physiological affects of certain analgesics. In 1949, Axelrod accepted a position at a research chemist at the National Heart Institute at the newly created National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, MD. In 1955, at the age of 42, Axelrod was awarded a Ph.D. in pharmacology from George Washington University. Just before completing his Ph.D., Axelrod established a section on pharmacology at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). Over the next thirty years, until his retirement in 1984, Axelrod worked at the NIMH on an astonishing array of research projects in pharmacological science. In 1970, Axelrod, along with Sir Bernard Katz and Ulf S. von Euler, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology. Axelrod remained an active researcher, distinguished lecturer, and public scientist throughout the 1970s, garnering numerous honorary degrees and awards and continuing his research. In 1984, at the age of 72, he retired formally from NIH service. In 1996, he was named Scientist Emeritus of the National Institutes of Health.

From the description of Julius Axelrod papers, 1915-1998. (National Library of Medicine). WorldCat record id: 50155686

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