Gwinn, John, 1791-1849

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Gwinn, John, 1791-1849

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Gwinn, John, 1791-1849

Gwinn, John

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Gwinn, John

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Exist Dates

Exist Dates - Date Range

1791-06-11

1791-06-11

Birth

-

1849-09-01

1849-09-01

Death

-

Biographical History

Naval officer.

From the description of Papers of John Gwinn, 1815-1864 (bulk 1825-1849). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78240390

Biographical Note

1791, June 11 Born, Taneytown, Maryland 1809 Appointed midshipman Duty in John Adams (frigate) 1814 Duty in Frolic (sloop of war), West India Squadron Prisoner of war, Halifax, Nova Scotia 1815 Duty in Boxer (brig), Mediterranean Squadron 1817 Duty in Hornet (sloop of war), European Squadron 1819 Duty in Independence (ship of the line) 1823 Married Caroline S. Lynch 1823 1825 Duty at United States Navy Yard, Charlestown, Mass. 1826 Duty in Macedonian (frigate), Brazil Station 1829 1832 Executive officer, United States Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pa. 1837 Commanded Vandalia (sloop of war), Home Squadron 1839 1842 Master commandant, United States Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pa. 1842 Promoted to captain 1844 1845 Commanded Potomac (frigate), Home Squadron 1848 Commanded Constitution (frigate), Mediterranean Squadron 1849, Sept. 4 Died, Palermo, Sicily From the guide to the John Gwinn Papers, 1815-1864, (bulk 1825-1849), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

The frigate Potomac was constructed at the Washington Navy Yard between 1819 and 1822 and entered active service in 1831. In the 1830s and early 1840s, the Potomac sailed to Asia, where it participated in the shelling of Quallah Battoo, Sumatra. After its return to Boston in 1834, the ship traveled twice to Brazil. Captain John Gwinn (1791-1849), a native of Maryland and previously the commander of the Vandalia, commanded the ship between October 1844 and December 1845, as the Potomac sailed along the Atlantic coast and to ports in the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico. During the Mexican-American War, the Potomac landed troops at Port Isabel, Texas, and in the Siege of Veracruz. The Potomac was later the flag ship of the Home Squadron (1855-1856) and part of a naval blockade in the Gulf of Mexico during the Civil War. The ship remained in the service of the United States Navy until 1877, when it was sold.

John Gwinn served in the United States Navy for much of his adult life and was promoted to captain by President John Tyler in August 1842. After commanding the Potomac, he assumed command of the USS Constitution . Gwinn died while serving in Palermo Bay, Italy, in 1849. He was initially buried in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and his remains were later transferred to Arlington National Cemetery.

From the guide to the US Frigate Potomac collection, Potomac, US Frigate collection, 1844-1847, 1844-1845, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

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External Related CPF

https://viaf.org/viaf/4193046

https://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q6236666

https://www.worldcat.org/identities/lccn-n96023620

https://id.loc.gov/authorities/n96023620

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Courts-martial and courts of inquiry

Sailing ships

Naval discipline

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Naval officers

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Port Royal (Jamaica)

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Philadelphia (Pa.)

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Norfolk (Va.)

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Pensacola Navy Yard (Fla.)

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Havana (Cuba)

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Port-au-Prince (Haiti)

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Veracruz (Veracruz-Llave, Mexico)

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<conventionDeclaration><citation>VIAF</citation></conventionDeclaration>

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w61z5dmq

32943632