Grissom, Virgil I. (Virgil Ivan), 1926-1967

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Virgil Ivan "Gus" Grissom (b. April 3, 1926-d. Jan. 27, 1967) was born in Mitchell, Indiana. An Air Force Lieutenant Colonel, received his wings in March 1951. He flew 100 combat missions in Korea in F-86s with the 334th Fighter Interceptor Squadron and, upon returning to the United States in 1952, became a jet instructor at Bryan, Texas. In August 1955, he entered the Air Force Institute of Technology at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, to study Aeronautical Engineering. He attended the Test Pilot School at Edwards Air Force Base, California, in October 1956 and returned to Wright-Patterson in May 1957 as a test pilot assigned to the fighter branch.

Grissom was one of the seven Mercury astronauts selected by NASA in April 1959. He piloted the Liberty Bell 7 spacecraft (the second and final suborbital Mercury test flight) on July 21, 1961. On March 23, 1965, he served as command pilot on the first manned Gemini flight, A 3-orbit mission during which the crew accomplished the first orbital trajectory modifications and the first lifting reentry of a manned spacecraft. Subsequent to this assignment, he served as backup command pilot for Gemini 6. Grissom was named to serve as command pilot for the AS-204 mission, the first 3-man Apollo flight. Grissom died in the Apollo spacecraft fire in January 1967, at NASA Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn PROJECT MERCURY ASTRONAUT PRESS CONFERENCE National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. 1903 - 2006. Historical Photograph Files National Archives at College Park
referencedIn PACIFIC FLEET RECOVERY ACTIVITIES National Archives at College Park
creatorOf Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Audio Recordings. 1942 - 1999. REPORT ON SPACE National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Senate. 1789 - 2015. Committee Papers. 1958 - 1976. Photograph of Astronaut Malcolm Scott Carpenter Discussing His Pending Orbital Flight Center for Legislative Archives
referencedIn White House Naval Photographic Center Films, 12/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. Materials Relating to "President Johnson Awards NASA Distinguished Service Medals to Astronauts Grissom and Young" Project, ca. 3/26/1965 - ca. 3/26/1965. Lyndon Baines Johnson Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations, 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities, 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS RECEIVE COLLIER TROPHY, 10/10/1963. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS RECEIVE COLLIER TROPHY National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. CAPTAIN VIRGIL I. GRISSOM RECEIVES GENERAL WHITE TROPHY, WASHINGTON, D.C National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. GEMINI RECOVERY GT-2 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (Mar. 28) National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006Series: Source Files on Project Mercury, 1952 - 1968. Fact Sheets and Press Releases for Mercury Atlas 6 (MA-6). Seven Astronauts Were Needed for Seven Vital Jobs. National Archives at Fort Worth
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS AT STEAD AFB, NEVADA National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (Jan. 30) National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. AIR RESCUE SERVICE, KINDLEY AFB, BERMUDA National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Guide to the Daily Worker and Daily World Photographs Collection, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Arthur E. Scott photograph collection, 1910-1976 George Mason University. Libraries. Special Collections & Archives
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. PROJECT quot;GEMINI GT-3quot; National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. NASA PRESS CONFERENCE OF MERCURY ASTRONAUT TEAM WASHINGTON D.C., 9 APRIL 1959 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006. Stock Footage, ca. 1960 - ca. 1987. MERCURY ASTRONAUTS DURING WEIGHTLESSNESS TRAINING AT EDWARDS AIR FORCE BASE, CALIFORNIA. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 44, No. 104 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS, EDWARDS AFB, CALIFORNIA National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Scott, Arthur E., 1917-1976. Arthur E. Scott photograph collection, 1910-1976. George Mason University, Fenwick Library
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (Jan. 20) National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Corporate records., 1843-1999. Minnesota Society
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. Mercury-Atlas 7 launch, Cape Canaveral, Cocoa Beach, Florida, Grand Turk Island National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006. Headquarters' Films Relating to Aeronautics, 1962 - 1981. The World Was There, 1965. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. FIRST ASTRONAUT WINGS PRESENTATION National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. GRISSOM/YOUNG-WASHINGTON RETURN National Archives at College Park
creatorOf Project Mercury stamps, first day of issue, autographed by Gus Grissom, 1962 Denver Museum of Nature and Science,
referencedIn Hovde, Frederick L., 1908-. Frederick L. Hovde papers, 1908-1983, bulk 1946-1971. Purdue University Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. MERCURY-REDSTONE 4 LAUNCH, TEST NO. 1809, CAPE CANAVERAL FLORIDA, 21 JULY 1961 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Astronauts in Centrifuge: Mercury Astronauts in the Centrifuge National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. WEIGHTLESSNESS EXPERIMENTS ON MERCURY ASTRONAUTS National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. SURVIVAL TRAINING FOR U.S ASTRONAUTS National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. FUNERAL SERVICES FOR ASTRONAUTS GRISSOM AND CHAFFEE, ARLINGTON CEMETERY, VIRGINIA, AND ANDREWS AFB, MARYLAND National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. 1903 - 2006. Sound Recordings Relating to the Apollo 204 Accident National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS' ZERO GRAVITY TESTS National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006. Color Photograph Files Relating to Projects, Astronauts, and Events, 1963 - 1965. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 45, No. 48 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn PACIFIC FLEET DEPLOYMENT AND POST RECOVERY ACTIVITIES National Archives at College Park
creatorOf Honeywell Inc. Corporate records, 1843-1999. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn White House Central Files (Johnson Administration). 11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. White House Subject Files on the President Lyndon Baines Johnson Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUT SCHIRRA'S ARRIVAL AT HICKAM AFB, HAWAII National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. Project Mercury Astronaut Training National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Materials Relating to "The President: January, 1967" Project , 1/1/1967 - 1/31/1967 Lyndon Baines Johnson Library
referencedIn Manned Spacecraft Center Technical Documents, 1961 - 1963 National Archives at Fort Worth
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS IN WEIGHTLESS FLIGHT, WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OHIO, MARCH 1960 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 44, No. 64 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Project Mercury National Archives at College Park
referencedIn PROJECT MERCURY ASTRONAUTS CENTRIFUGE TRAINING AT JOHNSVILLE, PENNSYLVANIA National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUT CAPT. VIRGIL GRISSOM RIDES CENTRIFUGE National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (Mar. 31) National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006. Stock Footage, ca. 1960 - ca. 1987. MERCURY ASTRONAUTS VIRGIL GRISSOM AND ALAN SHEPARD TRAINING, 10/1960. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. MERCURY MONUMENT DEDICATION, CAPE KENNEDY, FLORIDA National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. Astronaut Malcolm S. Carpenter receives NASA DSM, Patrick AFB and Cape Canaveral, Florida National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (Feb. 3) National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. PROJECT quot;MERCURYquot; National Archives at College Park
creatorOf Grissom, Virgil I. Letters. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn PROJECT MERCURY ASTRONAUTS DURING ZERO GRAVITY PREPARATIONS National Archives at College Park
creatorOf Grissom, Virgil I. Project Mercury stamps, first day of issue, autographed by Gus Grissom 1962. Denver Museum of Nature & Science, Alfred M. Bailey Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. WEIGHTLESSNESS TRAINING FOR ASTRONAUTS, BROOKS AFB, TEXAS National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006. Stock Footage, ca. 1960 - ca. 1987. MECURY SPACECRAFT 7 MR-3 ON BOARD PERISCOPE FOOTAGE, AND ASTRONAUT SHEPARD PAST MISSION ACTIVITY, 5 6/5 19/1961 1961. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. PSYCHOLOGICAL AND STRESS TESTING OF PROSPECTIVE PROJECT MERCURY CANDIDATES, WRIGHT-PATTERS0N AFB, OHIO, FEBRUARY AND MARCH 1959 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. PROJECT quot;GEMINI GT-3quot; National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ZERO GRAVITY TESTS IN C-131, WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB, OHIO APRIL - JUNE 1959 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Color Photograph File Albums, 1963 - 1995 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. GT-3 ASTRONAUTS GRISSOM AND YOUNG, WASHINGTON, D.C National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. MOVIETONE NEWS National Archives at College Park
referencedIn MERCURY ASTRONAUTS PREPARED FOR GRAVITY STRESS TEST IN CENTRIFUGE AT JOHNSVILLE, PENNSYLVANIA National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 44, No. 63 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ZERO GRAVITY TESTS IN C-131, WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB, OHIO 2-4 JUNE 1959 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Mervin B. Hogan photograph collection, 1940s-1970s J. Willard Marriott Library. University of Utah Photograph Archives
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. MERCURY ASTRONAUTS ZERO-G INDOCTRINATION FLIGHTS, EDWARDS AFB, CALIFORNIA National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS AT HOLLOMAN AFB National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Chaffee, Roger Bruce, 1935-1967. Papers, records, photographs and artifacts 1935-1967. Grand Rapids Public Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUT'S PRESS CONFERENCE, PATRICK AFB, FLORIDA National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ARRIVAL OF GT-3 ASTRONAUTS, PATRICK AFB AND CAPE KENNEDY, FLORIDA National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 44, No. 21 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. PROJECT GEMINI GT-3 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. MOVIETONE NEWS National Archives at College Park
referencedIn X-2OA DYNA-SOAR PROGRAM REP0RT, l JULY 1961-30 JUNE 1962 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. GEMINI RECOVERY GT-2 National Archives at College Park
editorOf Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006. Stock Footage, ca. 1960 - ca. 1987. MERCURY SPACECRAFT 13 MA-6 JOHN GLENN PARADE IN HAMPTON, VA, 1962. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 45, No. 23 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006. Stock Footage, ca. 1960 - ca. 1987. PROJECT MERCURY ASTRONAUTS IN PROCEDURES TRAINER. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Photographs Relating to Agency Activities, Facilities and Personnel, 1960 - 1991 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Senate. 1789 - 2015. Committee Papers. 1958 - 1976. Photograph of Astronaut Virgil I. Grissom Preparing for Testing in the Centrifuge Center for Legislative Archives
referencedIn Gus Grissom collection [graphic], 1960-1967. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. Maj Leroy G. Cooper receives award and addresses Congress, Washington, DC National Archives at College Park
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. PROJECT GEMINI GT-3 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Senate. 1789 - 2015. Committee Papers. 1958 - 1976. Photograph of Astronaut Virgil I. Grissom Preparing for Testing Center for Legislative Archives
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Senate. 1789 - 2015. Committee Papers. 1958 - 1976. Photograph of Astronaut Virgil I. Grissom Listening to Astronaut Malcolm Scott Carpenter during the Aurora 7 Flight Center for Legislative Archives
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Senate. 1789 - 2015. Committee Papers. 1958 - 1976. Photograph of Astronaut Virgil I. Grissom Center for Legislative Archives
referencedIn Records of the National Archives and Records Administration, 1789 - ca. 2007. Award Cards, 1942 - 1963. Air Force Award Cards [Distinguished Flying Cross]: Greenawalt, David - Grumbles, Wilbur. National Archives at St. Louis
referencedIn Records of the National Archives and Records Administration, 1789 - ca. 2007. Award Cards, 1942 - 1963. Air Force Award Cards [Air Medal]: Griffith, Raymond - Grout, Alan. National Archives at St. Louis
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. CDR ALAN S. SHEPARD JR USN PRESENTED NAVY ASTRONAUT WINGS Pentagon National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations, 1900 - 2003. Official Military Personnel Files, 1947 - 1998. Official Military Personnel File for Virgil I. Grissom. National Archives at St. Louis
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Senate. 1789 - 2015. Committee Papers. 1958 - 1976. Photograph of Astronauts Virgil quot;Gusquot; Grissom and John H. Glenn, Jr. Awaiting Word from Aurora 7 Flight Center for Legislative Archives
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. CDR ALAN S. SHEPARD JR USN PRESENTED NAVY ASTRONAUT WINGS Pentagon National Archives at College Park
Relation Name
associatedWith Arthur E. Scott, 1917-1976 person
associatedWith Chaffee, Roger Bruce, 1935-1967. person
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Dibner, Bern, person
memberOf Gemini 3 (Spacecraft) corporateBody
associatedWith Hogan, Mervin B. person
associatedWith Honeywell Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Hovde, Frederick L., 1908- person
associatedWith Project Mercury (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Scott, Arthur E., 1917-1976. person
memberOf United States. Air Force corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Archives and Records Administration corporateBody
associatedWith Young, John (John Watts), 1930- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Florida FL US
Indiana IN US
Subject
Apollo flights
Apollo project:
Distinguished Flying Cross (Medal)
Gemini Project (U.S.)
Korean War, 1950-1953
NASA personnel
Nasa programs
NASA SPACE PROGRAMS
Stamp collections
Test pilots
Occupation
Astronaut
Mechanical Engineer
Test Pilot
Airplane Pilot
Activity

Person

Birth 1926-04-03

Death 1967-01-27

Male

Americans

English

Information

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