Grissom, Virgil I. (Virgil Ivan), 1926-1967

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Virgil Ivan "Gus" Grissom (b. April 3, 1926-d. Jan. 27, 1967) was born in Mitchell, Indiana. An Air Force Lieutenant Colonel, received his wings in March 1951. He flew 100 combat missions in Korea in F-86s with the 334th Fighter Interceptor Squadron and, upon returning to the United States in 1952, became a jet instructor at Bryan, Texas. In August 1955, he entered the Air Force Institute of Technology at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, to study Aeronautical Engineering. He attended the Test Pilot School at Edwards Air Force Base, California, in October 1956 and returned to Wright-Patterson in May 1957 as a test pilot assigned to the fighter branch.

Grissom was one of the seven Mercury astronauts selected by NASA in April 1959. He piloted the Liberty Bell 7 spacecraft (the second and final suborbital Mercury test flight) on July 21, 1961. On March 23, 1965, he served as command pilot on the first manned Gemini flight, A 3-orbit mission during which the crew accomplished the first orbital trajectory modifications and the first lifting reentry of a manned spacecraft. Subsequent to this assignment, he served as backup command pilot for Gemini 6. Grissom was named to serve as command pilot for the AS-204 mission, the first 3-man Apollo flight. Grissom died in the Apollo spacecraft fire in January 1967, at NASA Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn PROJECT MERCURY ASTRONAUT PRESS CONFERENCE United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. 1903 - 2006. Historical Photograph Files
referencedIn PACIFIC FLEET RECOVERY ACTIVITIES United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Audio Recordings. 1942 - 1999. REPORT ON SPACE
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Senate. 1789 - 2015. Committee Papers. 1958 - 1976. Photograph of Astronaut Malcolm Scott Carpenter Discussing His Pending Orbital Flight
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. PROJECT GEMINI GT-3
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS RECEIVE COLLIER TROPHY National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Senate. 1789 - 2015. Committee Papers. 1958 - 1976. Photograph of Astronaut Virgil I. Grissom Preparing for Testing
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. CAPTAIN VIRGIL I. GRISSOM RECEIVES GENERAL WHITE TROPHY, WASHINGTON, D.C
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. GEMINI RECOVERY GT-2
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (Mar. 28)
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006Series: Source Files on Project Mercury, 1952 - 1968. Fact Sheets and Press Releases for Mercury Atlas 6 (MA-6). Seven Astronauts Were Needed for Seven Vital Jobs. National Archives at Fort Worth
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS AT STEAD AFB, NEVADA National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (Jan. 30)
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. AIR RESCUE SERVICE, KINDLEY AFB, BERMUDA
referencedIn Guide to the Daily Worker and Daily World Photographs Collection, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Arthur E. Scott photograph collection, 1910-1976 George Mason University. Libraries. Special Collections & Archives
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. PROJECT quot;GEMINI GT-3quot;
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. NASA PRESS CONFERENCE OF MERCURY ASTRONAUT TEAM WASHINGTON D.C., 9 APRIL 1959
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006. Stock Footage, ca. 1960 - ca. 1987. MERCURY ASTRONAUTS DURING WEIGHTLESSNESS TRAINING AT EDWARDS AIR FORCE BASE, CALIFORNIA. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 44, No. 104 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS, EDWARDS AFB, CALIFORNIA National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Scott, Arthur E., 1917-1976. Arthur E. Scott photograph collection, 1910-1976. George Mason University, Fenwick Library
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (Jan. 20)
referencedIn Corporate records., 1843-1999. Minnesota Society
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. Mercury-Atlas 7 launch, Cape Canaveral, Cocoa Beach, Florida, Grand Turk Island National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006. Headquarters' Films Relating to Aeronautics, 1962 - 1981. The World Was There, 1965. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. FIRST ASTRONAUT WINGS PRESENTATION National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. GRISSOM/YOUNG-WASHINGTON RETURN
creatorOf Project Mercury stamps, first day of issue, autographed by Gus Grissom, 1962 Denver Museum of Nature and Science,
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. Maj Leroy G. Cooper receives award and addresses Congress, Washington, DC National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Hovde, Frederick L., 1908-. Frederick L. Hovde papers, 1908-1983, bulk 1946-1971. Purdue University Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. MERCURY-REDSTONE 4 LAUNCH, TEST NO. 1809, CAPE CANAVERAL FLORIDA, 21 JULY 1961
referencedIn Astronauts in Centrifuge: Mercury Astronauts in the Centrifuge United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. WEIGHTLESSNESS EXPERIMENTS ON MERCURY ASTRONAUTS National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. SURVIVAL TRAINING FOR U.S ASTRONAUTS National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. FUNERAL SERVICES FOR ASTRONAUTS GRISSOM AND CHAFFEE, ARLINGTON CEMETERY, VIRGINIA, AND ANDREWS AFB, MARYLAND National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. 1903 - 2006. Sound Recordings Relating to the Apollo 204 Accident
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS' ZERO GRAVITY TESTS
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Senate. 1789 - 2015. Committee Papers. 1958 - 1976. Photograph of Astronaut Virgil I. Grissom Listening to Astronaut Malcolm Scott Carpenter during the Aurora 7 Flight
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 45, No. 48 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn PACIFIC FLEET DEPLOYMENT AND POST RECOVERY ACTIVITIES United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Honeywell Inc. Corporate records, 1843-1999. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn White House Central Files (Johnson Administration). 11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. White House Subject Files on the President Lyndon Baines Johnson Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUT SCHIRRA'S ARRIVAL AT HICKAM AFB, HAWAII
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Senate. 1789 - 2015. Committee Papers. 1958 - 1976. Photograph of Astronaut Virgil I. Grissom
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. Project Mercury Astronaut Training
referencedIn Manned Spacecraft Center Technical Documents, 1961 - 1963 United States. National Archives and Records Administration. Southwest Region
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS IN WEIGHTLESS FLIGHT, WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OHIO, MARCH 1960 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 44, No. 64 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Project Mercury United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn PROJECT MERCURY ASTRONAUTS CENTRIFUGE TRAINING AT JOHNSVILLE, PENNSYLVANIA United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUT CAPT. VIRGIL GRISSOM RIDES CENTRIFUGE
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (Mar. 31) National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006. Stock Footage, ca. 1960 - ca. 1987. MERCURY ASTRONAUTS VIRGIL GRISSOM AND ALAN SHEPARD TRAINING, 10/1960. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. MERCURY MONUMENT DEDICATION, CAPE KENNEDY, FLORIDA
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. Astronaut Malcolm S. Carpenter receives NASA DSM, Patrick AFB and Cape Canaveral, Florida National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (Feb. 3)
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. PROJECT quot;MERCURYquot;
creatorOf Grissom, Virgil I. Letters. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn PROJECT MERCURY ASTRONAUTS DURING ZERO GRAVITY PREPARATIONS United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Grissom, Virgil I. Project Mercury stamps, first day of issue, autographed by Gus Grissom 1962. Denver Museum of Nature & Science, Alfred M. Bailey Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. WEIGHTLESSNESS TRAINING FOR ASTRONAUTS, BROOKS AFB, TEXAS National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006. Stock Footage, ca. 1960 - ca. 1987. MECURY SPACECRAFT 7 MR-3 ON BOARD PERISCOPE FOOTAGE, AND ASTRONAUT SHEPARD PAST MISSION ACTIVITY, 5 6/5 19/1961 1961. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. PSYCHOLOGICAL AND STRESS TESTING OF PROSPECTIVE PROJECT MERCURY CANDIDATES, WRIGHT-PATTERS0N AFB, OHIO, FEBRUARY AND MARCH 1959
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. PROJECT quot;GEMINI GT-3quot;
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ZERO GRAVITY TESTS IN C-131, WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB, OHIO APRIL - JUNE 1959
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. GT-3 ASTRONAUTS GRISSOM AND YOUNG, WASHINGTON, D.C
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. MOVIETONE NEWS National Archives at College Park
referencedIn MERCURY ASTRONAUTS PREPARED FOR GRAVITY STRESS TEST IN CENTRIFUGE AT JOHNSVILLE, PENNSYLVANIA United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 44, No. 63
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ZERO GRAVITY TESTS IN C-131, WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB, OHIO 2-4 JUNE 1959
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Senate. 1789 - 2015. Committee Papers. 1958 - 1976. Photograph of Astronauts Virgil quot;Gusquot; Grissom and John H. Glenn, Jr. Awaiting Word from Aurora 7 Flight
referencedIn Mervin B. Hogan photograph collection, 1940s-1970s J. Willard Marriott Library, University of UtahPhotograph Archives
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. MERCURY ASTRONAUTS ZERO-G INDOCTRINATION FLIGHTS, EDWARDS AFB, CALIFORNIA National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS AT HOLLOMAN AFB
referencedIn Chaffee, Roger Bruce, 1935-1967. Papers, records, photographs and artifacts 1935-1967. Grand Rapids Public Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUT'S PRESS CONFERENCE, PATRICK AFB, FLORIDA
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ARRIVAL OF GT-3 ASTRONAUTS, PATRICK AFB AND CAPE KENNEDY, FLORIDA
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 44, No. 21 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. PROJECT GEMINI GT-3
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. MOVIETONE NEWS National Archives at College Park
referencedIn X-2OA DYNA-SOAR PROGRAM REP0RT, l JULY 1961-30 JUNE 1962 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. GEMINI RECOVERY GT-2
editorOf Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006. Stock Footage, ca. 1960 - ca. 1987. MERCURY SPACECRAFT 13 MA-6 JOHN GLENN PARADE IN HAMPTON, VA, 1962. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 45, No. 23 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1903 - 2006. Stock Footage, ca. 1960 - ca. 1987. PROJECT MERCURY ASTRONAUTS IN PROCEDURES TRAINER. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Photographs Relating to Agency Activities, Facilities and Personnel, 1960 - 1991 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Senate. 1789 - 2015. Committee Papers. 1958 - 1976. Photograph of Astronaut Virgil I. Grissom Preparing for Testing in the Centrifuge
referencedIn Gus Grissom collection [graphic], 1960-1967. Indiana Historical Society Library
Relation Name
associatedWith Arthur E. Scott, 1917-1976 person
associatedWith Chaffee, Roger Bruce, 1935-1967. person
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Dibner, Bern, person
memberOf Gemini 3 (Spacecraft) corporateBody
associatedWith Hogan, Mervin B. person
associatedWith Honeywell Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Hovde, Frederick L., 1908- person
associatedWith Project Mercury (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Scott, Arthur E., 1917-1976. person
memberOf United States. Air Force corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Archives and Records Administration corporateBody
associatedWith Young, John (John Watts), 1930- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Florida FL US
Indiana IN US
Subject
NASA personnel
Nasa programs
Korean War, 1950-1953--Aerial operations
Test pilots--20th century
Apollo flights
NASA SPACE PROGRAMS
Gemini Project (U.S.)
Stamp collections
Distinguished Flying Cross (Medal)
Apollo project:
Occupation
Mechanical Engineer
Test Pilot
Astronaut
Airplane Pilot
Activity

Person

Birth 1926-04-03

Death 1967-01-27

Male

Americans

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6xg9qsf

SNAC ID: 28535458