Freeman, R. Austin (Richard Austin), 1862-1943

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Richard Austin Freeman was born on April 11, 1862, in London, England and died Sept. 28 (or 30), 1943, in Gravesend, Kent, England. Freeman was a physician, educator, and an author and began his medical training at Middlesex Hospital at the age of eighteen. He joined a medical expedition to Ashanti and Bontuku in 1889, and served as physician, navigator, and naturalist. Nine years later, he published his expedition experiences in Travels and Life in Ashanti and Jaman (1898). Freeman then began to write mystery novels and created the character, Dr. John Evelyn Thorndyke, who used scientific methods to solve crimes. Thorndyke was introduced in The Red Thumb Mark (1907). Freeman's scientific knowledge was reflected in his work, especially in The Mystery of Angelica Frood (1924) and The Shadow of the Wolf (1925). In his stories, he places primary emphasis on the means of detection rather than on the discovery of the criminal; he reveals the criminal before presenting the detective's investigation and solution. Among his other works are his first novel, Golden Pool (1905), John Thorndyke's Cases (1909), The Mystery of 31 New Inn (1912), The Penrose Mystery (1936), and Mr. Polton Explains (1940).

From the description of Correspondence, 1920-1961 (bulk 1920-1928). (Kent State University). WorldCat record id: 47733784

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Freeman, R. Austin (Richard Austin), 1862-1943. Autograph letter signed : Colchester, to Harold Downs, 1919 Jan. 9 and 1919 Jan. 17. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Freeman, R. Austin (Richard Austin), 1862-1943. Autograph signature : Kent, [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Freeman, R. Austin (Richard Austin), 1862-1943. Correspondence, 1920-1961 (bulk 1920-1928). Kent State University
referencedIn Frederic Dannay Papers, ca.1920-1982. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf Freeman, R. Austin (Richard Austin), 1862-1943. Autograph letter signed : Gravesend, to C. Bramley, 1929 May 29. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn English literature mss., 1901-1950 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
referencedIn Dannay, Frederic, 1905-1982. Papers, ca.1920-1982. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Joseph Ishill papers, 1888-1966. Houghton Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Bramley, C., person
associatedWith Dannay, Frederic, 1905-1982. person
associatedWith Downs, Harold, person
correspondedWith Ishill, Joseph. person
associatedWith Ray, Gordon Norton, 1915- person
associatedWith Starrett, Vincent, 1886-1974. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Detective and mystery stories--History and criticism--Sources


Birth 1862-04-11

Death 1943-09-28





Ark ID: w6x63z1f

SNAC ID: 64680024