National Congress of Parents and Teachers

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The National Congress of Parents and Teachers (now the PTA) was organized by Alice McLellan Birney and Phoebe Apperson Hearst in December 1896. The first national meeting of the National Congress of Mothers (as it was first called) was held in Washington D.C. in February, 1897. In 1908 the name was changed to the National Congress of Mothers and Parent-Teacher Associations in an effort to recognize the importance of the parent-teacher partnership. In 1924, the name was changed to the National Congress of Parents and Teachers. In 1950, the group's national headquarters was established in Chicago. The initial focus of the group was on mother/teacher cooperation and child welfare issues. However, as the organization grew and diversified, it supported many other causes including sex education, teacher salary increases, mothers' pension laws, safety, homemaking, adult education, nutrition, anti-drug and -tobacco use, race relations, flouridation of water supplies, and polio prevention.

From the description of Records, 1896-1965. (University of Illinois-Chicago Library). WorldCat record id: 54367747

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Virginia Kletzer photographs collection [graphic], 1928-circa 1949. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Papers, 1898-1975 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf National Congress of Parents and Teachers. [Minor publications]. Yale University Library
creatorOf Wheeler, Clara Marian, 1861-1946. Clara Marian Wheeler papers, 1874-1948. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Atkinson, Ruth Lamb, 1896-1978. Ruth Lamb Atkinson papers, 1781-1970, 1928-1947 (bulk). Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Alabama Congress of Parents and Teachers. Alabama Congress of Parents and Teachers records, 1914- Auburn University at Montgomery, Auburn Montgomery
referencedIn Richards, Janet Elizabeth Hosmer, 1860-1948. Papers, 1890-1948 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Robbins Gilman and family papers, 1699-1997 Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Robbins Gilman and family papers., 1699-2009. Minnesota Historical Society
referencedIn [A banner created for the National Congress of Parents and Teachers representatives, Emerson School, Oakland, Calif.] [graphic]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Arbolado Parent Teacher Association (Ramsey County, Minn.). Arbolado PTA records, 1921-1958. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Leonard, Eunice Harper, 1890-1983. Eunice Harper Leonard Papers, 1927-1977. University of South Carolina, System Library Service, University Libraries
referencedIn Birney, Alice McLellan, 1859-1907. Alice McLellan Birney papers, 1897; 1901; 1931 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn World War posters, 1914-1945 Claremont Colleges.Special Collections, Honnold/Mudd Library.
referencedIn Condon, Randall Judson, 1862-1931. Papers 1862-1931. Raymond H. Fogler Library
referencedIn Allen, Corinne Marie Tuckerman, 1856-1931. Papers, 1896-1927 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Clara Marian Wheeler papers, 1874-1948 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn [Collection of receipts for paid sums to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows in California and the Scandinavian Help Society and national membership cards for the National Congress of Parents and Teachers]. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn J. B. Matthews Papers, 1862-1986 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Crutcher, Annie Long, 1868-1955. Annie Long Crutcher papers, ca. 1906-1952. Tennessee State Library & Archives, TSLA
creatorOf Newton, Mary K. Mary K. Newton papers, 1928-1963. University of South Carolina, System Library Service, University Libraries
referencedIn Tilton, Elizabeth, 1869-1950. Papers, 1914-1949 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Prince George's County Council of Parent-Teacher Associations (Prince George's County, Md.). Prince George's County Council of Parent-Teacher Associations (PGCCPTA) records, 1952-1981 (majority 1964-1974). University of Maryland (College Park, Md.). Libraries
referencedIn Atkinson, Ruth Lamb, 1896-1978. Papers, 1781-1970, 1928-1947 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Additional papers of Mary Steichen Calderone, (inclusive), (bulk), 1914-1989, 1960-1989 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Madson, Joyce H., 1927-. Joyce H. Madson papers, 1960-1993. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Tilton, Elizabeth, 1869-1950. Papers, 1914-1949 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Kletzer, Virginia, 1887-1982. Virginia Merges Kletzer papers [manuscript], circa 1903-1975. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Ada Hart Arlitt Papers, 1933-1934 University of Cincinnati, Archives and Rare Books Library
creatorOf National Congress of Parents and Teachers. Records, 1896-1965. University of Illinois at Chicago Library, UIC
referencedIn Eliot, Martha M. (Martha May), b. 1891. Papers, 1870-1978 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Virginia Merges Kletzer papers, circa 1903-1975 Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Amber Arthun Warburton Papers, 1917-1976 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alabama Congress of Parents and Teachers. corporateBody
associatedWith Allen, Corinne Marie Tuckerman, 1856-1931. person
associatedWith Arbolado Parent Teacher Association (Ramsey County, Minn.). corporateBody
associatedWith Arlitt, Ada Hart, b. 1890 person
associatedWith Atkinson, Ruth Lamb, 1896-1978. person
associatedWith Birney, Alice McLellan, 1859-1907. person
associatedWith Calderone, Mary Steichen, 1904-1998 person
associatedWith Condon, Randall Judson, 1862-1931. person
associatedWith Crutcher, Annie Long, 1868-1955. person
associatedWith Eliot, Martha M. (Martha May), b. 1891. person
associatedWith Elizabeth (Hewes) Tilton, 1869-1950 person
associatedWith Gilman, Robbins, 1878-1955. person
associatedWith Kletzer, Virginia, 1887-1982. person
associatedWith Leonard, Eunice Harper, 1890-1983. person
associatedWith Madson, Joyce H., 1927- person
associatedWith MARTHA MAY ELIOT, 1891-1978 person
associatedWith Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966 person
associatedWith National Congress of Mothers and Parent-Teacher Associations (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Congress of Mothers (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Newton, Mary K. person
associatedWith Prince George's County Council of Parent-Teacher Associations (Prince George's County, Md.) corporateBody
associatedWith Richards, Janet Elizabeth Hosmer, 1860-1948. person
associatedWith Tilton, Elizabeth, 1869-1950. person
associatedWith Warburton, Amber Arthun, 1898-1976 person
associatedWith Wheeler, Clara Marian, 1861-1946. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Subject
Child labor--Sources
Education--Sources
Child welfare--Sources
Juvenile delinquency--Sources
Occupation
Activity

Corporate Body

Active 1952

Active 1981

Information

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SNAC ID: 32929336