Campbell, Thomas D. (Thomas Donald), 1882-1966

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Involved in large scale agriculture. Born in Grand Forks, N.D.; educated at the University of North Dakota, Cornell University, and University of Southern California; served as special investigator of Native American lands for the U.S. Department of Interior during World War I; began buying land in New Mexico in the 1930's including parts of the La Joya, Belen, San Pedro, and Tome Land Grants; during World War II served in the U.S. Army Air Corps; in 1946 elevated to the office of Brigadier General.

From the description of Papers, 1874-1987. (University of New Mexico-Main Campus). WorldCat record id: 35920695

Thomas D. Campbell was involved in large scale agriculture. Born in Grand Forks, N.D.; educated at the University of North Dakota, Cornell University, and University of Southern California; served as special investigator of Native American lands for the U.S. Department of Interior during World War I; began buying land in New Mexico in the 1930's including parts of the La Joya, Belen, San Pedro, and Tome Land Grants; during World War II served in the U.S. Army Air Corps; in 1946 elevated to the office of Brigadier General.

From the guide to the Thomas D. Campbell Photograph Collection, 1925-1960, (University of New Mexico Center for Southwest Research)

Grand Forks, N.D. resident, later moved to California, then to Hardin, Mont. and established a bonanza wheat farm; known as the top wheat grower in the U.S.

From the description of Collection, 1920, 1949-1966. (North Dakota State University Library). WorldCat record id: 28288672

Thomas Campbell. Part of the Thomas D. Campbell Pictorial Collection PICT 000-566 (Box 1, Folder 15).

Thomas D. Campbell was born to wheat farming parents on February 19, 1882 in Grand Forks, North Dakota. He earned a B.A., an M.E. and an LL.D. from the University of North Dakota (1903, 1904 and 1929 respectively). Campbell did post-graduate work at Cornell University in 1904-1905, and earned a doctoral degree in Engineering from the University of Southern California in 1929. In 1932, Longmans, Green and Company published Thomas D. Campbell's book, Russia: Market or Menace?

Campbell served as special investigator of Native American lands for the U.S. Department of Interior during World War I. He was a Colonel in the U.S. Army Air Corps from 1942 until 1946. During World War II, Campbell also served as transportation and equipment specialist on the General's staff overseas, and was elevated to the office of Brigadier General in 1946. Campbell remained connected with the Air Force throughout his life, and was a General of the Air Force Reserves until his death.

By the time he was seventeen, Campbell was managing his family's 4,000 acre farm in Grand Forks, North Dakota. Campbell was involved in some agricultural ventures before World War I, but it was in 1918 that his career in large scale agriculture began. During the scarcity of a war economy, Campbell came up with the idea that previously untilled American tribal lands could be successfully converted to food production. With two million dollars secured through New York banks and the aid of U.S. financier J.P. Morgan, Campbell leased 95,000 acres from the Crow and Fort Peck reservations in Montana, created the Montana Farming Corporation, and began the seminal American agro-industrial experiment. In 1922, the Montana Farming Corporation became the Campbell Farming Corporation, and continued to farm on land leased from Native Americans in Montana.

In partnership with New York industrialist John J. Raskob, Campbell began buying land in New Mexico in the 1930's. By 1949 Campbell-Raskob owned some 400,000 acres in New Mexico (at different times Campbell owned parts of the La Joya, Belen, San Pedro, Sevilleta and Tome Land Grants). Campbell maintained an active interest in New Mexico throughout the rest of his life. As an active Republican, he advised the U.S. Government on southwestern land potential, traveled to Alaska to report on its strategic potential for the U.S. Secretary of Defense, and was an agricultural advisor to the governments of Russia, Britain, the United States, and France. Thomas Campbell died in March of 1966 at the age of 84.

From the guide to the Thomas D. Campbell Papers, 1874-1984, (University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Thomas D. Campbell Papers, 1874-1984 The University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for SouthwestResearch
referencedIn Arthur Ernest Morgan papers concerning Edward Bellamy, 1912-1944. Houghton Library
creatorOf Thomas D. Campbell Photograph Collection, 1925-1960 The University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for SouthwestResearch
creatorOf Campbell, Thomas D. (Thomas Donald), 1882-1966. Thomas D. Campbell Photograph Collection [Picture]. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
creatorOf Campbell, Thomas D. (Thomas Donald), 1882-1966. Papers, 1874-1987. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
creatorOf Campbell, Thomas, 1882-1966. Collection, 1920, 1949-1966. North Dakota State University Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Agricultural development projects corporateBody
associatedWith Air Force Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Air Force Association, New Mexico corporateBody
associatedWith Bull family. family
associatedWith Cream of Wheat Corporation (Minn.) corporateBody
associatedWith Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969. person
associatedWith La Joya Development Company corporateBody
correspondedWith Morgan, Arthur Ernest, 1878-1975 person
associatedWith Ranchers Exploration & Development Corporation corporateBody
associatedWith Raskob, John J. (John Jakob), 1879-1950. person
associatedWith Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- ) corporateBody
associatedWith Sackett, Leonard, 1901-1971. person
associatedWith Taxpayers' Association of New Mexico. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. War Assets Administration. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States.
Grand Forks (N.D.)
Montana
New Mexico
La Sevilleta de la Joya Grant (N.M.)
New Mexico
Hardin (Mont.)
La Sevilleta de la Joya Grant (N.M.)
Subject
Ranches--New Mexico
Agricultural development projects
Land companies
Military personnel--1945-1965
Soldiers
Farms, Large
Land titles--New Mexico
Mining--1950-1965
Wheat
Agriculture--International cooperation
Land grants
Agriculture--New Mexico
Ranches
Land companies--New Mexico
Agricultural engineers--United States
Land grants--New Mexico
Agriculture--Finance
Agriculture--Defense measures
Land tenure--New Mexico
Land tenure
World War, 1939-1945
Mines and Mineral Resources
Agricultural industries
Ranches--1945-1965
Mines and mineral resources--New Mexico
Agricultural industries--New Mexico
Occupation
Agricultural Engineer
Farmers--Montana
Activity

Person

Birth 1882

Death 1966

English,

Spanish; Castilian,

French

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