Morrison, Toni, 1931-2019

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Chloe Anthony Wofford Morrison (born Chloe Ardelia Wofford; February 18, 1931 – August 5, 2019), known as Toni Morrison, was an American novelist, essayist, book editor, and college professor. Her first novel, The Bluest Eye, was published in 1970. The critically acclaimed Song of Solomon (1977) brought her national attention and won the National Book Critics Circle Award. In 1988, Morrison won the Pulitzer Prize for Beloved (1987); she gained worldwide recognition when she was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1993. Born and raised in Lorain, Ohio, Morrison graduated from Howard University in 1953 with a B.A. in English. In 1955, she earned a master's in American Literature from Cornell University. In 1957 she returned to Howard University, was married, and had two children before divorcing in 1964. In the late 1960s, she became the first black female editor in fiction at Random House in New York City. In the 1970s and 1980s, she developed her own reputation as an author, and her perhaps most celebrated work, Beloved, was made into a 1998 film. In 1996, the National Endowment for the Humanities selected her for the Jefferson Lecture, the U.S. federal government's highest honor for achievement in the humanities. Also that year, she was honored with the National Book Foundation's Medal of Distinguished Contribution to American Letters. On May 29, 2012, President Barack Obama presented Morrison with the Presidential Medal of Freedom. In 2016, she received the PEN/Saul Bellow Award for Achievement in American Fiction.
Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Abrams, Sam,. Sam Abrams papers 1980-1994 RIT Library, Wallace Library
referencedIn Johnson, Terry Elaine. By way of response : a study of dynamic imagery in The Tempest and Paradise / by Terry Elaine Johnson. University of Houston, Clear Lake, Alfred R. Neumann Library
referencedIn Melvin Dixon papers, 1962-1992 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Patricia Rowe Willrich Papers, 1949-1996 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Jordan, June, 1936-2002. Audio collection of June Jordan [sound recording]. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Christian, Barbara, 1943-2000. Sound recordings from the Barbara Christian papers [sound recording]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn New York Shakespeare Festival Records. Series V: General Manager's Files, 1960-1991 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
creatorOf Morrison, Toni. Toni Morrison correspondence, 1993. Library of Congress
referencedIn Jordan, June, 1936-2002. Videotape collection of June Jordan [videorecording]. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Dodge, Mary Paula. Family dynamics in Toni Morrison's novels : a psychological perspective / by Mary Paula Dodge. University of Houston, Clear Lake, Alfred R. Neumann Library
referencedIn University of Michigan. News and Information Services. Faculty and Staff Files, 1944-2005 (bulk 1960-1995) Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn New York Shakespeare Festival records. Series VI: Development Office, 1954-1989 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
referencedIn Patterson, William L. (William Lorenzo), 1890-1980. William Lorenzo Patterson papers, 1919-1979 (bulk, mid-1950s-1979). Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center
referencedIn Paris Review. The Paris Review archives, 1953-1997. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Ziff, Lloyd. Happy birthday N.B.C.C. 1974-1984 ; the National Book Critics Circle tenth anniversary, 1985. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Delbanco, Nicholas. Nicholas Delbanco papers, 1956-<2010>, bulk 1966-2000. University of Michigan
creatorOf Morrison, Toni. 60th annual spring commencement at Sarah Lawrence College [sound recording] / with remarks by Toni Morrison. Sarah Lawrence College, Esther Raushenbush Library
referencedIn Jordan, June, 1936-2002. Papers, 1936-2002 (inclusive), 1954-2002 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Dixon, Melvin, 1950-1992. Melvin Dixon papers, 1962-1992. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Redding, Jay Saunders, 1906-1988. Papers, [ca. 1940-1980]. Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf Danielpour, Richard. Lullaby : from Margaret Garner (2002-2004) / Richard Danielpour. Northwestern University
referencedIn Densmore, Verva L. A corrective morality : Noddings' "Feminine ethic of care" in A time to be born, Huckleberry Finn, and Jazz / by Verva L. Densmore. University of Houston, Clear Lake, Alfred R. Neumann Library
referencedIn Weston, M. Moran, 1910-. Papers, 1824-1994. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Kesner, Leilani Barnett. Women friends : enabling relationships in emancipatory novels by contemporary women writers / Leilani Barnett Kesner. University of Houston, Clear Lake, Alfred R. Neumann Library
referencedIn Records of, Sojourner, (inclusive), (bulk), 1920-2004, 1975-2002 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Reynolds Price Papers, bulk, 1927-2010 and undated, 1956-2006 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Inventory to the Records of the Conference on Literature and Urban Experience (CLUE), Rutgers University Newark, April 17-19, 1980, 1978-1983 Rutgers University. Special Collections and University Archives.
referencedIn Priesmeyer, Kimbrly Marie. The search for truth in Toni Morrison's 'Song of Solomon' and 'Beloved' / by Kimberly Marie Priesmeyer. University of Houston, Clear Lake, Alfred R. Neumann Library
referencedIn M. Moran Weston Papers, 1824-1994 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Elias, Robert H. Robert H. Elias papers, 1933-1983. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Clear Pictures, Film Footage Collection, 1991-1996 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Herstory
referencedIn 100 Women Who Shaped World History.
Relation Name
associatedWith Abrams, Sam, person
associatedWith Christian, Barbara, 1943-2000. person
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Cornell university corporateBody
associatedWith Danielpour, Richard. person
associatedWith Delbanco, Nicholas. person
associatedWith Densmore, Verva L. person
associatedWith Dixon, Melvin, 1950-1992 person
associatedWith Dixon, Melvin, 1950-1992. person
associatedWith Dodge, Mary Paula. person
associatedWith Elias, Robert H. person
associatedWith Guggenheim, Charles person
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Howard University corporateBody
employeeOf Howard University corporateBody
associatedWith Johnson, Terry Elaine. person
associatedWith Jordan, June, 1936-2002. person
associatedWith Kesner, Leilani Barnett. person
correspondedWith Library of Congress. Advisory Committee on Copyright Registration and Deposit corporateBody
associatedWith New York Shakespeare Festival corporateBody
associatedWith Papp, Joseph person
associatedWith Paris Review. corporateBody
correspondedWith Patterson, William L. (William Lorenzo), 1890-1980. person
correspondedWith Price, Reynolds, 1933-2011 person
associatedWith Priesmeyer, Kimbrly Marie. person
employeeOf Princeton University corporateBody
employeeOf Random House (Firm) corporateBody
associatedWith Redding, Jay Saunders, 1906-1988. person
associatedWith Sojourner (Cambridge, Mass.) corporateBody
employeeOf Texas Southern University corporateBody
associatedWith The Conference on Literature and Urban Experience (CLUE), Rutgers University Newark corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. News and Information Services. corporateBody
associatedWith Weston, M. Moran, 1910- person
associatedWith Weston, M. Moran, 1910- person
associatedWith Willrich, Patrica Rowe person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States 00 US
Lorain OH US
Subject
United States--Race relations
American fiction
African Americans
African American women
African American girls
American literature
Racism
Occupation
African American novelists
English teachers
African American authors
Authors
College teachers
Function

Person

Birth 1931-02-18

Female

Americans

English

Information

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