Gwin, William McKendree, 1805-1885

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Member, California Constitutional Convention, 1849, and U.S. senator from California.

From the description of Papers, 1841-1885. (California Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 28419864

William M. Gwin was born in Tennessee. In 1833 he was appointed U.S. marshal, district of Mississippi by President Jackson; in 1840 he was elected to the House of Representatives for one term. Coming to California in 1849, he worked to form a state government, representing San Francisco at the constitutional convention. Elected California's first senator, he served 1850-1861. A Chivalry Democrat, he defended slavery, feuding with fellow Democrat Senator David C. Broderick in his later term.

From the description of William M. Gwin letter : San Francisco, California, to Hon. J. W. Denver, Washington, 1856 November 20. (San Francisco Public Library). WorldCat record id: 568649117

U.S. representative from Missouri and senator from California.

From the description of Papers of William McKendree Gwin, 1850-1861. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79322350

Member of the California Constitutional Convention, 1849; U.S. Senator from California, 1850-1855, 1857-1861.

From the description of William McKendree Gwin papers, 1845?-1885. (California Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 122394763

William McKendree Gwin (1805-1885) was born in Gallatin, Tennessee, and attended medical school at Transylvania University in Lexington, Kentucky, until 1828. He practiced medicine in Mississippi until 1833, was U.S. Marshal for Mississippi in 1834, and served in Congress from 1841-1843. After briefly acting as a building superintendant in New Orleans, he traveled to California in 1849 and participated in the California Constitutional Convention. Gwin had suffered financial misfortune but the discovery of gold at his Gwin Mine in Paloma provided him with a lifelong fortune. After California was admitted as a state Gwin was elected to the U.S. Senate and served from 1850-1855. He died in New York City.

From the description of Letter to P. Greely, Jr., after 1850. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 709610609

William McKendree Gwin served as a Mississippi court marshal, 1833-1841, as a US representative from Mississippi, 1841-1843, and as a US senator from California, 1854-1860. He is credited with establishing the California mint and initiating plans to survey the Pacific coast.

From the description of Gwin, William McKendree, papers, 1837-1861. (University of Texas Libraries). WorldCat record id: 72850730

First U.S. senator from California, a democrat who supported slavery.

From the description of ALS, 1857 April 4 : Washington City, to Hon. Jeremiah S. Black, Attorney General. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 16830005

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Gwin, William McKendree, 1805-1885. Gwin, William McKendree, papers, 1837-1861. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869. Papers of Robert J. Walker, 1833-1848. University of Pittsburgh
creatorOf Gwin, William McKendree, 1805-1885. William McKendree Gwin papers, 1845?-1885. California Historical Society
creatorOf William McKendree Gwin Papers, 1833-1897 Bancroft Library
referencedIn Bloss, Roy S. Biography of William McKendree Gwin and supporting documents : typescript,ALS,TLS,etc., 1856-1973. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Wharncliffe, Edward Wortley, 1827-1899. E. W. Wharncliffe reminiscences, [undated]. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Peter H. Burnett papers, 1849-1885 Bancroft Library
referencedIn Buchanan, Thomas Ely. Letters, 1853-1854. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Gwin, William McKendree, 1805-1885. William M. Gwin letter : to Thomas H. Bayly : ALS, 1850 Apr. 6. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Clendenen, Clarence C. (Clarence Clemens). The Column from California, 1972. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Gwin, William McKendree, 1805-1885. Memoirs on history of the United States, Mexico and California of ex-senator Wm. M. Gwin, dictated by himself for Bancroft Library : holograph manuscript, 1878. University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
referencedIn Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869. Papers of Robert J. Walker, 1833-1848 [electronic resource]. University of Pittsburgh
referencedIn Rand, Charles Edward, 1833-. Letters, 1852-1857. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Gwin, William McKendree, 1805-1885. William McKendree Gwin papers, 1833-1897. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Crocker, Templeton, 1884-1948. San Francisco early documents scrapbook, 1838-1877. California Historical Society
referencedIn Claiborne, J. F. H. (John Francis Hamtramck), 1809-1884. J.F.H. Claiborne papers, 1818-1885. Library of Congress
referencedIn Monterey Public Library. California History Room. Biography clippings : "G" [surname] folder 1893-1993. Monterey Public Library
creatorOf California. Constitutional Convention (1849). Report on preamble, 1849, Oct. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Shorb, James De Barth. Papers of James De Barth Shorb, 1794-1957 (bulk) 1870-1910. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Gwin, William McKendree, 1805-1885. ALS, 1857 April 4 : Washington City, to Hon. Jeremiah S. Black, Attorney General. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Gwin, William McKendree, 1805-1885. Papers of William McKendree Gwin, 1850-1861. Library of Congress
creatorOf Gwin, William McKendree, 1805-1885. William M. Gwin letter : San Francisco, California, to Hon. J. W. Denver, Washington, 1856 November 20. San Francisco Public Library, Main Library
creatorOf Mandeville, James, 1824?-1876. Papers of James Mandeville, 1848-1866. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Mowry, Sylvester, 1830-1871. Letters to Edward Bicknall, 1853-1855. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Gwin, William McKendree, 1805-1885. Letter to P. Greely, Jr., after 1850. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Bee, Fred A. Letter: to Senator William M. Gwin /by Fred A. Bee, 1858 Nov 30. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Portrait file: Guide. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Wilson, Benjamin Davis, 1811-1878. Collection of Benjamin Davis Wilson, 1836-1941 (bulk 1847-1894). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Gwin, William McKendree, 1805-1885. Envelope addressed to Caleb Cushing, 1841-1843. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Alexander, Peter Wellington, 1825-1886. Peter Wellington Alexander papers, 1835-1910. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Dix, John A. (John Adams), 1798-1879. Letter, 1852 February 19. American Periodical Series I
creatorOf Gwin, William McKendree, 1805-1885. Papers, 1841-1885. California Historical Society
referencedIn Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant letter : City Point, Va., to Maj. Gen. Irvin McDowell : ALS, 1865 Jan. 8. California Historical Society
creatorOf Gwin, William McKendree, 1805-1885. Memoirs on history of the United States, Mexico and California, 1878 [microform]. Arizona State University Libraries
referencedIn Denver, James William, 1817-1892. James William Denver papers, 1832-1925, (bulk 1832-1892) UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Weller, John B., 1812-1875. Autograph letter signed : San Francisco, to Jacob Thompson, 1860 Sept. 15. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf California. Governor (1849-1851 : Burnett). Credentials of J.C. Frémont and W.M. Gwin as Senators from California : San Jose, DS, 1849 Dec. 22. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn James William Denver Papers, 1832-1925, (bulk 1832-1892) Bancroft Library
referencedIn Thompson, David, 1796-1839. David Thompson papers, 1810-1854. Arkansas History Commission, Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Browne, J. Ross (John Ross), 1821-1875. Letter : to [William Gwin?] / by John Ross Browne, 1857 Nov. 4. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Peter Wellington Alexander Papers, 1855-1863 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn B. A. G. Fuller autograph collection, 1620-1920. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Douglas, Stephen Arnold, 1813-1865. Document [fragment], 1854. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Gwin, William McKendree, 1805-1885. Memoirs on history of the United States, Mexico and California ... Dictated ... for Bancroft Library : ms., 1878. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Benjamin Davis Wilson Collection, 1836-1941, 1847-1894 The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens Manuscripts Department
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Alexander, Peter Wellington, 1825-1886. person
associatedWith Bayly, Thomas Henry, 1810-1856. person
associatedWith Bee, Fred A. person
associatedWith Black, Jeremiah S. (Jeremiah Sullivan), 1810-1883. person
associatedWith Bloss, Roy S. person
associatedWith Browne, J. Ross (John Ross), 1821-1875. person
associatedWith Buchanan, Thomas Ely. person
associatedWith Burnett, Peter H. (Peter Hardeman), 1807-1895 person
associatedWith California. corporateBody
associatedWith California. Constitutional Convention (1849) corporateBody
associatedWith California. Governor (1849-1851 : Burnett) corporateBody
correspondedWith Claiborne, J. F. H. (John Francis Hamtramck), 1809-1884. person
associatedWith Clendenen, Clarence C. (Clarence Clemens). person
associatedWith Cushing, Caleb, 1800-1879, person
associatedWith Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889. person
associatedWith Democratic Party (Calif.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Denver, James William, 1817-1892 person
associatedWith Dix, John A. (John Adams), 1798-1879. person
associatedWith Douglas, Stephen Arnold, 1813-1865. person
associatedWith Fuller, B. A. G. (Benjamin Apthorp Gould), 1879-1956 person
associatedWith Gilbert, Edward, c.1819-1852. person
associatedWith Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. person
associatedWith Isthmus Pacific Railway. corporateBody
associatedWith Mandeville, James, 1824?-1876. person
associatedWith Monterey Public Library. California History Room. corporateBody
associatedWith Mowry, Sylvester, 1830-1871. person
associatedWith Online Archive of California. corporateBody
associatedWith Pico, Andres, 1810-1876. person
associatedWith Port of San Francisco. corporateBody
associatedWith Rand, Charles Edward, 1833- person
associatedWith Shorb, James De Barth. person
correspondedWith Thompson, David, 1796-1839. person
associatedWith United States. Congress. House. Committee on Ways and Means. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. General Land Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869. person
associatedWith Weller, John B., 1812-1875. person
associatedWith Wharncliffe, Edward Wortley, 1827-1899. person
associatedWith Wilson, Benjamin Davis, 1811-1878. person
associatedWith Woods, J. C. person
associatedWith Wright, George Washington, 1816-1885. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
San Francisco (Calif.)
California
Mexico
California
United States
Mexico
California
California
California
United States
San Francisco (Calif.)
Mexico
California
Mississippi
Mexico
Mexico
United States
United States
United States
California
California
Panama
United States
California--San Francisco
California--San Francisco
California
Subject
Chickasaw Indians
Docks
Postal service--History--Sources
Legislators--Archives
Constitutional convention
Buildings--Photographs
Indians of North America
Choctaw Indians
Harbors
Railroads
Occupation
Legislators--United States
Function

Person

Birth 1805-10-09

Death 1885-09-03

Information

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