Bogart, Humphrey DeForest, 1899-1957

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Humphrey DeForest Bogart (December 25, 1899 – January 14, 1957) was an American film and stage actor. His performances in Classical Hollywood cinema films made him an American cultural icon. In 1999, the American Film Institute selected Bogart as the greatest male star of classic American cinema.

Bogart began acting in Broadway shows, beginning his career in motion pictures with Up the River (1930) for Fox. Bogart appeared in supporting roles for the next decade, sometimes portraying gangsters. Bogart was praised for his work as Duke Mantee in The Petrified Forest (1936), but remained secondary to other actors Warner Bros. cast in lead roles.

His breakthrough from supporting roles to stardom came with High Sierra (1941, his last gangster role) and The Maltese Falcon (1941), considered one of the first great noir films. Bogart's private detectives, Sam Spade (in The Maltese Falcon) and Phillip Marlowe (in 1946's The Big Sleep), became the models for detectives in other noir films. His most significant romantic lead role was with Ingrid Bergman in Casablanca (1942), and he received his first nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor. Bogart and 19-year-old Lauren Bacall fell in love when they filmed To Have and Have Not (1944); soon after the main filming for The Big Sleep (1946, their second film together), he filed for divorce from his third wife and married Bacall. After their marriage, she played his love interest in Dark Passage (1947) and Key Largo (1948).

Bogart's performances in The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1948) and In a Lonely Place (1950) are now considered among his best, although they were not recognized as such when the films were released. He reprised those unsettled, unstable characters as a World War II naval-vessel commander in The Caine Mutiny (1954), which was a critical and commercial hit and earned him another Best Actor nomination. As a cantankerous river steam launch skipper with Katharine Hepburn's missionary in the World War I adventure The African Queen (1951), Bogart received the Academy Award for Best Actor. In his later years, significant roles included The Barefoot Contessa with Ava Gardner and his on-screen competition with William Holden for Audrey Hepburn in Sabrina (1954). A heavy smoker and drinker, Bogart died from esophageal cancer in January 1957.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn President's Personal Files (Truman Administration), 1945 - 1953; Bogart, Humphrey, PPF 4741. 1945-1953. Harry S. Truman Library
creatorOf Curtiz, Michael, 1888-1962. Casablanca. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Hawks, Howard, 1896-1977. Le grand sommeil / réalisé par Howard Hawks ; Raymond Chandler, aut. adapté ; un scénario de William Faulkner ; Humphrey Bogart, Lauren Bacall... [et al.], act. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Faulkner, William, 1897-1962. Letters to his wife, Estelle, and daughter, Jill, [manuscript], 1942-1957. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Treasury. 1775 - 2005. Moving Images Relating to Financial, Economic and Tax Policies. 1941 - 1972. HOLLYWOOD VICTORY CARAVAN National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [MAR. 24] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [JULY 23] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn The Railroad hour, radio program [sound recording], 1948-1954 The New York Public Library. Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound.
referencedIn Motion Picture Association of America, Inc., Collection. 1922 - 1959. Motion Picture Films. 1922 - 1959. REPORT FROM THE FRONT BY HUMPHREY BOGART National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS. [NOV. 5] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn J. B. Matthews Papers, 1862-1986 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Ford, J. mss., 1906-1976 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [MAY 30] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [SEPT. 24] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn American screen and theater : photographs and lobby cards, 1914-1965, (bulk: 1930-1949) Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
creatorOf Hawks, Howard, 1896-1977. Le grand sommeil / réalisé par Howard Hawks ; Raymond Chandler, aut. adapté ; un scénario de William Faulkner ; Humphrey Bogart, Lauren Bacall... [et al.], act. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Guide to the Daily Worker and Daily World Photographs Collection, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Shumlin, Herman, 1898-. Papers, 1930-1968. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Motion Picture Association of America, Inc., Collection. 1922 - 1959. Motion Picture Films. 1922 - 1959. BLACK LEGION National Archives at College Park
referencedIn White Studio (New York, N.Y.). White Studio theatrical photographs. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Customs Service. 1745 - 1997. Masters' Oaths for Renewal of License of Vessel
referencedIn John Steinbeck Collection, 1934-1962 University of Virginia. Library. Special Collections Dept.
referencedIn William Faulkner Collection, ca. 1942-1944 University of Virginia. Library. Special Collections Dept.
referencedIn Astor, Mary, 1906-1987. Mary Astor collection, 1926-1977 bulk 1959-1977. Boston University. School of Medicine
creatorOf Curtiz, Michael, 1888-1962. Casablanca. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Steinbeck, John, 1902-1968. Papers of John Steinbeck [manuscript], 1932-1974. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense. 1921 - 2008. Audio Recordings. 1945 - 1965. THE ACTOR National Archives at College Park
referencedIn New Yorker records, ca.1924-1984 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Hayes, Joseph. The desperate hours : screenplay, 1954 Sept. 20 / by Joseph Hayes ; from the novel and play by Joseph Hayes. Ohio State University Libraries
referencedIn John Eldon Thayer collection of motion picture memorabilia, 1916-1979. Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Hyams, Joe. Joe Hyams papers, 1934-1980. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [OCT. 7] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Joe Hyams papers, 1934-1980 L. Tom Perry Special CollectionsArts & Communications Archives
referencedIn Bacall, Lauren, 1924-. Reminiscences of Lauren Bacall : oral history, 1971. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Photographs of motion pictures and television programs, 1915-1999. Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
Relation Name
associatedWith Astor, Mary, 1906-1987. person
associatedWith Bacall, Lauren, 1924- person
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Faulkner, William, 1897-1962. person
associatedWith Ford, John, 1895-1973 person
associatedWith Hawks, Howard, 1896-1977. person
associatedWith Hayes, Joseph. person
associatedWith Hyams, Joe. person
associatedWith Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966 person
associatedWith New Yorker Magazine, Inc corporateBody
associatedWith Railroad Hour Radio Program corporateBody
associatedWith Shumlin, Herman, 1898- person
associatedWith Steinbeck, John, 1902-1968. person
associatedWith Thayer, John Eldon, 1899-1980 person
memberOf United States. Navy corporateBody
associatedWith White Studio (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Los Angeles CA US
New York City NY US
Subject
Occupation
Actors
Function

Person

Birth 1899-12-25

Death 1957-01-14

Male

Americans

English

Information

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