Locke, Matthew, 1621 or 1622-1677

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British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000569.0x000172

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000471.0x0000c5

Matthew Locke (1621 or 2-1677) was a composer. In 1653, he collaborated with Christopher Gibbons to write the opera Cupid and Death; he was also known for his instrumental and keyboard music, as well as for having written part of the music for the now-lost early English opera The Siege of Rhodes, by William Davenant. In 1673 he published Melothesia, his treatise on music theory. Its title page describes him as "Composer in Ordinary to His Majesty, and organist of her Majesty's chapel." Locke also served as King Charles II's Composer of the Wind Music and Composer for the Violins. He has been described as the mentor of Henry Purcell, who succeeded him as Composer in Ordinary to the king.

From the description of Letter to Thomas Townsend, 1665 Jun 9. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702177406

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn THE INSTRUMENTALE and vocale musique in the morale representation at the millitary ground, in Lescestre Fields.", 1659. Cf. Times LiterarySupplement, 1934, p. 795. The representation was the masque of "Cupid and Death," written by James Shirley, with..., 1659 British Library
creatorOf Locke, Matthew, 1621 or 2-1677. A concert of 4 parts in score [microform] / by M[atthew] L[ocke]. University of Rochester, Eastman School of Music, Sibley Music Library
creatorOf Fitzwilliam Museum. Collection of 16th to 18th century sacred songs [microform]. California Digital Library
referencedIn "COMPOSITIONS for broken and whole concerts of two, three, fower, five, and six parts, made by Matthew Locke," etc. Autograph. Paper; XVIIth cent. Folio. [Add. 17,801.] British Library
referencedIn ENGLISH songs, set to music by John Blow, Henry Purcell, Captain Pack, Henry Aldrich, Matthew Locke, and others, Paper; late xviith cent. Oblate Duodecimo. British Library
creatorOf NOVELLO COLLECTION. Vol. XCIII. Jommelli -Rossini; after 1802 (watermark)-1845, n.d. ff. 90. Overall size 260 x 330mm. 1. ff. 1-4v. Nicolò Jommelli: 'At Whitsontide', setting of 'Veni Sancte Spiritus' for SATB and orchestra; n.d. Full score. Copy in..., 1802-1845 British Library
referencedIn HAWKINS COLLECTION. Vol. II (ff. 87). Miscellaneous works relating to music; 17th-18th centt. Includes extracts from (a) Dethlevus Cluverus. ff. 1-10;-(b) John Birchensha (collected, as well as artt. c-e, by Silas Domville al. Taylor, apparently for..., 17th century-18th century British Library
referencedIn The James G. Barnett Papers, 1845-1896 (inclusive) Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
referencedIn MADRIGALS, catches, canons, etc., by the following Composers:-Thomas Morley, [1593], 1594, ff. 3, 30, 39 b, 48 b. John Bartlet; 1606, f. 6. Francis Pilkington; 1605, ff. 6 b, 7 b, 31 b. Thomas Ford. 1607, 1611, ff. 8 b, 23 b. William Child:-"A catch ..., 17th century British Library
referencedIn ORIGINAL, LETTERS Of musicians, arranged as in the preceding volume ; 16th-19th centt. The names of writers are given in the Index. Among them are:-Dr. Thomas Augustus Arne. Sir Henry Rowley Bishop. Dr. William Boyce. Orlando Gibbons. Henry Lawes. Ma..., 16th century-19th century British Library
referencedIn Vol. 2. xviith century.Music: Collection of tunes in score, by Locke, Lawes, etc.Matthew Locke, composer: Collection of masques and tunes by him and others.Henry Lawes, composer: Collection of masques and tunes by him and others., 17th century British Library
creatorOf Locke, Matthew, 1621 or 2-1677. The airs, choruses, & c introduced in the tragedy of Macbeth by Mathew Locke, with some additions to his original score by E.A. Kellner, expressly for Lord Normanby's private theatre at Florence. University of Leeds, Brotherton Library, Leeds University Library
creatorOf British Museum. Matthew Locke and Orlando Gibbons: fantasias. [microform]. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Locke, Matthew, 1621 or 2-1677. Six fancies in three parts for two trebles and bass by Matthew Lock [c.1630-1677]; edited by Lee Fairley from a seventeenth-century English manuscript in the Sibley Music Library. Score. [Rochester, N.Y.]. Eastman School of Music
creatorOf (1-6.) ROYAL MUSIC COLLECTION. Theatre music; 18th century.Paper.1. 6, 6, 7, 5, 5, 6 ff. Locke (Matthew): Macbeth. Six separate parts for 1st Witch (2 copies), Hecate, 2 violins and cello only, of the incidental music to the play. In the hand of ‘E.R..., 18th century British Library
creatorOf British Library. Chamber music [microform]. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Banister, John, 1630-1679. Collection of songs of late 17th century composers, [ca. 1720]. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Locke, Matthew, 1621 or 2-1677. [Incidental music from Macbeth [microform]. HCL Technical Services, Harvard College Library
referencedIn Bishop, Henry R. (Henry Rowley), Sir, 1786-1855. Remarks on the music to Macbeth [manuscript], ca. 1850. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf MS Mus. 1590. ‘Peter Warlock’: manuscripts of Philip Arnold Heseltine (‘Peter Warlock’); [1919-1930]. Autograph scores and printed copies with autograph corrections. The Capriol Suite materials were purchased from N. J. T. Tyroll-Evans, 19 Sept. 2..., 1919-1930 British Library
referencedIn ENGLISH songs set to music by Henry Lawes, Dr. John Wilson, Edmund Chilmead, Michael Wise, Pelham Humphrey, Matthew Locke, and others; partly in the handwriting of Edward Lowe, chorister of Salisbury, afterwards organist of Christ Church and Professo..., 17th century British Library
creatorOf Locke, Matthew, 1621 or 2-1677. Consort of ffoure parts [microform], by Math. Locke. Scoor'd in his owne hand. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Locke, Matthew, 1621 or 2-1677. Macbeth [microform], by Dr. Boyce. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Locke, Matthew, 1621 or 2-1677. Heer beginns M: Locks 3 pts. ffancies & Ayres. Eastman School of Music
referencedIn Vol. 1. xviith century.Music: Collection of tunes in score, by Locke, Lawes, etc.Matthew Locke, composer: Collection of masques and tunes by him and others.Henry Lawes, composer: Collection of masques and tunes by him and others., 17th century British Library
creatorOf Locke, Matthew, 1621 or 2-1677. Compositions for broken and whole consorts, of two, three, ffower, ffiuv, and six parts [microform]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn TRIOS for two trebles and a bass, without words. Vol. III.includes:f. 3 b John Hilton: Songs, music, etc.: 17th cent. f. 6 Withie: Music by: 17th cent. f. 10 b Anthony? Wood: Music by: 1682. ff. 15 b, 65 b, 68 b, 77 b Solomon Eccles: Tunes in "Ven... British Library
creatorOf Dothan Landmarks Foundation, Inc. Oral History Collection, 1975-1994. Troy University Dothan, Troy University Dothan Campus Library
creatorOf British Library. Consorts. [microform] By W. Lawes, M. Locke, J. Jenkins, O. Gibbins & C. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn TRIOS for two trebles and a bass, without words. Vol. I.includes:f. 3 b John Hilton: Songs, music, etc.: 17th cent. f. 6 Withie: Music by: 17th cent. f. 10 b Anthony? Wood: Music by: 1682. ff. 15 b, 65 b, 68 b, 77 b Solomon Eccles: Tunes in "Venic... British Library
referencedIn Linley, W. (William), 1771-1835,. Autograph letter signed from W. (William) Linley to Richard Mackenzie Bacon [manuscript], [18th or 19th century] April 22. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616. Preparation book prepared by William Winter for Mrs. Fiske in Macbeth, ca. 1903. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Locke, Matthew, 1621 or 2-1677. Since by wealth we can't prolong our years. [microform]. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn MEYERSTEIN BEQUEST. Vol. III (ff.Xii+ 115). Anthems, etc., in score, with instrumental symphonies and accompaniments or with a bass, by Dr John Blow (ff. 1-4b, 7-37b, 97b-99), Pelham Humfrey (ff. 4b-6b). Henry Purcell (ff. 38-72b), William Turner (ff... British Library
creatorOf British Library. 9 songs in the handwriting of Matthew Locke [microform]. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn GLEES, catches, airs, etc., by Henry Purcell, Henry Thames, John Blow, William Byrd, Matthew Locke, Benjamin Rogers, Henry Aldrich, Philip Hayes, and other composers, chiefly English. Reversing the volume, there are, besides other similar pieces, a f..., 18th century British Library
referencedIn SONGS set to music by Purcell, Hart, Banister, Turner, and other composers of the latter part of the xviith century. Paper; "Charles Campelman his book, June ye 9, 1681." Folio. British Library
creatorOf ROYAL MUSIC COLLECTION. Nüske (J.A.). The Nüske-Aniad; 19th century. ‘A collection of vocal melodies, consisting of celebrated airs by the leading foreign and English musicians; the works of each supplying one song: adapted to the guitar, with, relat..., 19th century British Library
referencedIn TRIOS for two trebles and a bass, without words. Vol. II.includes:f. 3 b John Hilton: Songs, music, etc.: 17th cent. f. 6 Withie: Music by: 17th cent. f. 10 b Anthony? Wood: Music by: 1682. ff. 15 b, 65 b, 68 b, 77 b Solomon Eccles: Tunes in "Veni... British Library
referencedIn A VOLUME, chiefly of English songs, by Pelham Humphrey, Matthew Locke, William Gregory, Henry Lawes, John Blow, Nich. Laniere, and Capt. Henry Cooke, circa 1670. Folio. Presented by Vincent Novello, Esq [14,399.], approximately 1670 British Library
creatorOf ROYAL MUSIC COLLECTION. Locke (Matthew). Macbeth; early 18th century. Incidental music to Macbeth, consisting of the witches’ songs and dances only, preceded by an opening symphony. The words are from Middleton’s ‘The Witch’. For solo voices and chor... British Library
creatorOf COLLECTION of pieces for the lute by Robert Kindersley, John Dowland, Anthony Holborne, Daniel Bachelor, Robert Johnson, and above all John Sturt, who is probably the compiler of the collection. They consist chiefly of Allemandes, Courantes, Pavans, ..., approximately 1613-approximately 1616 British Library
creatorOf BASS PART-BOOK, containing anthems by Pelham Humfrey, John Blow, William Turner, Henry Purcell, Matthew Locke, and Thomas Tudway, from a set of Chapel Royal part-books; bef. 10 Dec. 1677 (date of Blow's doctorate). Imperfect, by the loss of five leav... British Library
creatorOf Locke, Matthew, 1621 or 2-1677. Letter to Thomas Townsend, 1665 Jun 9. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Assorted music: Locke-Lover., 1827-1880 British Library
creatorOf Locke, Matthew, 1621 or 2-1677. 3 part fantazies / Mr. Math. Lock & Dr. Gibbons. 4 part fantazies / Mr. Lock. [Sonate per] violino e viola [o] viola e lauto / del Sigr. Lelio Colista ; [transcribed by John Jenkins] [microform]. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Blow, John, d. 1708. Collection of song. [microform] Ms. [by] H. Purcell [and] Dr. Blow. Collection of hymns, motets, anthems, ms. [by] Dr. Blow, Carissimi, Fel. Sanses, Mat. Lock, Purcell, Gibbons, Baptista, P. Humphries, P. Palmick, esq. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf British Library. [Keyboard pieces written on 6-line staves, copied by Nicholas Harrison; general rules for playing on a continued bass, from Matthew Locke's Melothesia [microform]. HCL Technical Services, Harvard College Library
creatorOf Locke, Matthew, 1621 or 2-1677. Cupid & death [microform] : a private entertainment represented with scenes and music, vocal & instrumental : a masque / written by Js. Shirley ; [music by Matthew Locke and Christopher Gibbons]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Locke, Matthew, 1621 or 2-1677. Mr. Lock's 4 part Fantazias [microform] Examin'd by Mr. Purcell's score book. University of Rochester, Eastman School of Music, Sibley Music Library
referencedIn Webber, Mary. [Commonplace book], 1694. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn The Henry Gilbert Papers, 1821-1980 (inclusive) Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Bishop, Henry R. (Henry Rowley), Sir, 1786-1855. person
associatedWith Boyce, William, 1711-1779. person
associatedWith British Library. corporateBody
associatedWith British Museum. corporateBody
associatedWith Charles II, King of England, 1630-1685. person
associatedWith D'Avenant, William, Sir, 1606-1668. person
associatedWith Dothan Landmarks Foundation, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Fairley, E. Lee. person
associatedWith Fitzwilliam Museum. corporateBody
associatedWith Gibbons, Christopher, 1615-1676. person
associatedWith Gilbert, Henry F. B. (Henry Franklin Belknap), 1868-1928 person
associatedWith James G. Barnett person
associatedWith Kellner, Ernest August. person
associatedWith Leveridge, Richard, 1670 or 71-1758. person
associatedWith Linley, W. (William), 1771-1835, person
associatedWith Purcell, Henry, 1659-1695. person
associatedWith Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616. person
associatedWith Shirley, James, 1596-1666. person
associatedWith Sibley Music Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Townsend, Thomas. person
associatedWith Webber, Mary. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Schortau, Saxony
England
England
Subject
Music--17th century
Music--Manuscripts
Suites (Viols (4))--Scores
String trios (Viols (3))--Scores
Part songs
Incidental music
Wages
String quartets (Viols (4))--Parts
Composers--Correspondence
Music--Scores--19th century
Suites (Viols (3))--Scores
Trio sonatas (Unspecified instruments (2), continuo)--Parts
Songs, English--19th century
Music--Manuscripts--Facsimiles
Masques with music--Scores
Instrumental music--Parts
Occupation
Composers
Function

Person

Birth 1621

Death 1677

Britons

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