Commonwealth Fund.

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The Commonwealth Fund was established in 1918 with an endowment of ten million dollars from Mrs. Stephen V. Harkness (nee Anna M. Richardson).Its charter was broad: "to do something for the welfare of mankind." TheFund's earliest activities were directed towards supporting the American Relief Administration in its post-war program of civilian relief in Austria and Eastern Europe. Edward Harkness, who led the Fund from 1918 to 1940, encouraged the development of programs in child welfare, child guidance (a term coined by the Fund), and public health. These included the Program for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency (1921-27); child health programs in rural communities; and the Rural Hospitals program (1926-49).During the 1930s, the Fund turned its attention to the support of medicalresearch and medical education, instituting the Commonwealth Fund Fellowsin Medicine program (1938). Medical education remained the focus of Fundgiving during and after World War II and came to embrace support for minority physicians. Experimental projects during the 1960s and 1970s included the Harvard Community Health Plan and hospice care in New Haven, Connecticut. Today, the Fund's programs support projects in five areas: the elderly; health care services; youth; minority health; and healthy lifestyles. Presidents of the Commonwealth Fund since 1918 have been: Edward Harkness (1918-40); Malcolm P. Aldrich (1940-50); J. Quigg Newton, Jr. (1963-75); Carleton B. Chapman (1975-80); and Margaret E. Mahoney (1980- ).

From the description of Commonwealth Fund archives, 1918-1982. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122487831

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Winslow, C.-E. A. (Charles-Edward Amory), 1877-1957. Charles-Edward Amory Winslow papers, 1874-1977 (inclusive), 1915-1945 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn William Ernest Hocking papers Houghton Library
referencedIn Berry, George Packer, 1898-. Papers of George Packer Berry, 1950-1965 (bulk). Harvard University, Medical School, Countway Library
referencedIn Ira Vaughan Hiscock papers, 1918-1979, 1925-1939 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Seymour S. Cohen Papers, 1938-1990 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Glaser, Robert J., 1918-. Oral history interview with Robert J. Glaser, 1985. Washington University in St. Louis, Bernard Becker Medical Library
referencedIn Traut, Herbert F., 1894-1963. Papers, 1931-1943. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Hiscock, Ira Vaughan, 1892-. Ira Vaughan Hiscock papers, 1918-1979 (inclusive), 1925-1939 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Statement of Essential Human Rights Project Records, 1924-2008 University of Pennsylvania: Biddle Law Library: American Law Institute Archives
referencedIn Thomas Day Thacher papers, 1779-1984, 1914-1950 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Sheldon Glueck papers Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Farrand, Max, 1869-1945. Papers of Max Farrand, 1816-1947. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Cohen, Seymour S. (Seymour Stanley), 1917-. Papers, 1938-1990. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Administrative Records, 1941-1952. Andover-Harvard Theological Library
referencedIn Learned Hand papers Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Mustard, Harry S. Photograph album, 1925-1930. Tennessee State Library & Archives, TSLA
referencedIn Eleanor T. and Sheldon Glueck papers, 1911-1972 Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
creatorOf Commonwealth Fund. Commonwealth Fund archives, 1918-1982. Rockefeller Archive Center
referencedIn [Commonwealth Fund. : Pamphlet box.]. HCL Technical Services, Harvard College Library
referencedIn Charles-Edward Amory Winslow papers, 1874-1977, 1915-1945 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Margaret Mahoney Papers MS 230., 1924-2007 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn Mahoney, Margaret, 1924-. Papers, 1924-1998 (ongoing). Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Papers of Bernice Resnick Sandler, 1963-2008 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Thacher, Thomas D. (Thomas Day), 1881-1950. Thomas Day Thacher papers, 1779-1984 (inclusive), 1914-1950 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Commonwealth Fund. [Annual reports], 1919- Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis, IUPUI
referencedIn Herbert Friedman Papers, 1940-2000 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn International Education Board. Archives, 1923-1930. Rockefeller Archive Center
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Aldrich, Malcolm P. person
associatedWith American Law Institute corporateBody
associatedWith Bernice Resnick Sandler person
associatedWith Berry, George Packer, 1898- person
associatedWith Cohen, Seymour S. (Seymour Stanley), 1917- person
correspondedWith Farrand, Max, 1869-1945. person
associatedWith Friedman, Herbert, 1916-2000 person
associatedWith Glaser, Robert J., 1918- person
associatedWith Glueck, Sheldon, 1896- person
correspondedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961 person
associatedWith Harkness, Anna M., 1837-1926. person
associatedWith Harkness, Edward Stephen, 1874-1940. person
associatedWith Harkness, Mary Stillman. person
associatedWith Harkness, Stephen V., d. 1888. person
associatedWith Hiscock, Ira Vaughan, 1892- person
correspondedWith Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966 person
associatedWith International Education Board. corporateBody
associatedWith Mahoney, Margaret, 1924- person
associatedWith Mustard, Harry S. person
associatedWith Newton, J. Quigg, Jr. person
associatedWith Smith, Barry C. person
associatedWith Thacher, Thomas D. (Thomas Day), 1881-1950. person
associatedWith Traut, Herbert F., 1894-1963. person
associatedWith Unitarian Service Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Winslow, C.-E. A. (Charles-Edward Amory), 1877-1957. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York (State)
United States
Child health services
Child welfare
Medical education
Rural hospitals
Mental health
Public health
War relief
World War, 1914-1918
World War, 1939-1945

Corporate Body

Active 1918

Active 1982



Ark ID: w6tf3s7j

SNAC ID: 37119552