Mary, queen, consort of James V, King of Scotland, 1515-1560

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Mary of Guise (1515-1560) was married to James V, mother of Mary queen of Scots and regent of Scotland for her daughter. She was the daughter of the duc de Guise. She was married first to Louis, duc de Longueville, and then to the widowed James V in 1538. Her two sons died in infancy leaving only her daughter Mary, born just days before the death of James V. Mary of Guise became fully embroiled in the governance of Scotland, dealing with internal faction fighting, pacts with the French king Henri II and aggressive moves with the English. She reluctantly allowed her daughter to be brought up in France for her own safety, with a plan to marry her to the French king’s son. She became queen regent from 1554. She had a flair for diplomacy, where possible choosing conciliation and toleration, including with the advancing Reformation of the church in Scotland.

Antoine de Noailles (1504-1563) was a French soldier and diplomat, promoted at the French court by Francois I and sent as ambassador to England from 1553. He became involved in plots to prevent Mary I coming to the throne and then to stop her marriage to Philip II of Spain. He continued to encourage opposition to Mary and was recalled in 1556 after a conspiracy concerning the exiled Sir Henry Dudley was discovered. He claimed to be glad to leave, disliking the untrustworthiness of English court life.

From the guide to the Letter from Mary of Guise to Antoine de Noailles, 1555., 28 July 1555, (University of St Andrews)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Michel, Francisque, 1809-1887. Letter: 1871 Apr. 17, 377 Strand, London W.C., to David Laing / Francisque Michel. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
referencedIn Way, Albert, 1805-1874. Letter: 1861 June 23, Wonham Manor, Reigate, to David Laing / Albert Way. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
referencedIn Teulet, Alexandre, 1807-1866. Letter: 1848 Oct. 8, Archives Nationales, Paris, to David Laing / A. Teulet. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
creatorOf Gringore, Pierre, ca. 1475-1538?. [Les abus du monde]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Letter from Mary of Guise to Antoine de Noailles, 1555., 28 July 1555 University of St Andrews
creatorOf Mary, Queen, consort of James V, King of Scotland, 1515-1560. Letter signed (almost entirely in cipher) : Edinburgh, to her brothers, Charles de Guide, Cardinal de Lorraine, and François de Lorraine, duc de Guise, 1559 Mar. 27. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Mary, Queen Consort of James V, King of Scotland, 1515-1560. Autograph signature and subscription to a letter : Lislebourg, to Johann Philip, Count de Salm, 1549 Nov. 26. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Letters of Samuel Johnson, LL.D., collected and edited by George Birkbeck Hill, extra-illustrated, 1413-1900 (inclusive), 1775-1839 (bulk). Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Way, Albert, 1805-1874. Letter: 1862 Jan 8, 21 Chapel Street, Belgrave Square [London] to David Laing / Albert Way. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Gringore, Pierre, ca. 1475-1538? person
associatedWith Guide, François de Lorraine, Duc de, 1519-1563, person
associatedWith Guise, Charles de, Cardinal de Lorraine, 1525-1574, person
associatedWith Johnson, Samuel, 1709-1784 person
associatedWith Mary of Guise 1515-1560 person
associatedWith Michel, Francisque, 1809-1887. person
associatedWith Noailles Antoine de 1504-1563 person
associatedWith Philip, Johann, Count de Salm, person
associatedWith Teulet, Alexandre, 1807-1866. person
associatedWith Way, Albert, 1805-1874. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Reformation Scotland
Women
Protestantism
Scotland History James V, 1513-1542
Scotland Mary Stuart, 1542-1567 History
Scotland International relations
Church history Scotland 16th century
Regents Scotland History 16th century
Scotland Politics and government History 16th century
Queens Scotland History 16th century
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1515-11-22

Death 1560-06-11

Female

French

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