Friedrich Egermann (1777-1864) was a Bohemian glassmaker and chemist born in Šluknov, a town in what is now the Czech Republic. Egermann apprenticed in Meissen, Germany before establishing a glass factory in Nový Bor. There he created opaque glass in rich colors, the most famous of which was a ruby red. Another of his inventions, Lithyalin glass was a polished, marbled glass that imitated the appearance of semiprecious stones. Egermann's work was later copied throughout Bohemia and the rest of Europe.
After his death, Egermann’s Son, Friedrich Jr. continued in his father’s trade.